The Effect of Integrated Care Management on Dementia in Atrial Fibrillation

Pil-Sung Yang, Jung-Hoon Sung, Eunsun Jang, Hee Tae Yu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Gregory Y H Lip, Boyoung Joung
Journal of Clinical Medicine 2020 June 2, 9 (6)
Clinical outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) can be improved by an integrated care approach. We analyzed whether adherence with the AF Better Care (ABC) pathway for integrated care management would reduce the risk of dementia in a nationwide AF cohort. Using the National Health Insurance Service database of Korea, 228,026 non-valvular AF patients were retrospectively evaluated between 2005 and 2015. Patients meeting all criteria of the ABC pathway were classified as the "ABC" group and those not classified as the "non-ABC" group. During a median (25th, 75th percentiles) follow-up of 6.0 (3.3, 9.5) years, the ABC group had lower rates and risk of overall dementia (0.17 vs. 1.11 per 100 person-years, p < 0.001; hazard ratio (HR) 0.80; 95% CI 0.73-0.87) and both Alzheimer's (HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.71-0.88) and vascular dementia (HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.59-0.98) than the non-ABC group. The stratified analysis showed that the ABC pathway reduced the risk of dementia regardless of sex, comorbidities, and in patients with high stroke risk. Adherence with the ABC pathway is associated with a reduced risk of dementia in AF patients. Due to the high medical burden of AF, it is necessary to implement integrated AF management to reduce the risk of dementia.

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