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Journal of Intensive Care Medicine

Antonio Paulo Nassar, Beatriz Nicolau Nassif, Daniel Vitório Veiga Dos Santos, Pedro Caruso
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have evaluated procalcitonin clearance (PCTc) as a marker of sepsis severity but at different time points and cutoffs. We aimed to assess the predictive performance of PCTc at different time points of sepsis management in patients with cancer. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with cancer admitted to an intensive care unit between 2013 and 2016. We calculated PCTc at 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours after admission...
July 8, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Wei Chang, Fei Peng, Qin Sun, Shan-Shan Meng, Hai-Bo Qiu, Jing-Yuan Xu
BACKGROUND: Midkine has been reported to play a crucial role in inflammatory, hypoxia, and tissue injury processes. We aimed to investigate plasma midkine in septic patients and its association with 28-day mortality and organ function. METHODS: Septic patients admitted to the Department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, a tertiary hospital, from November 2017 to March 2018 were enrolled in the study. The baseline characteristics of the septic patients were recorded at admission...
July 8, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Daisuke Kasugai, Akihiko Hirakawa, Masuyuki Ozaki, Kazuki Nishida, Takao Ikeda, Kunihiko Takahashi, Shigeyuki Matsui, Norimichi Uenishi
BACKGROUND: The management of refractory septic shock remains a major challenge in critical care and its early indicators are not fully understood. We hypothesized that the maximum norepinephrine dosage within 24 hours of intensive care unit (ICU) admission may be a useful indicator of early mortality in patients with septic shock. METHODS: In this retrospective single-center observational study, patients with septic shock admitted to the emergency ICU of an academic medical center between April 2011 and March 2017 were included...
June 27, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Barry Kelly, Johann Patlak, Shahzad Shaefi, Dustin Boone, Ariel Mueller, Daniel Talmor
OBJECTIVE: To compare the discriminative value of the quick-sequential organ failure assessment score (qSOFA) to SOFA in a critically ill population, in which a microbial pathogen was isolated within 48 hours of admission to intensive care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center from July 2008 to June 2017. PATIENTS: Hospitalized patients admitted to intensive care unit. INTERVENTIONS: None...
June 17, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Shawn Kaku, Christopher D Nguyen, Natalie N Htet, Dominic Tutera, Juliana Barr, Harman S Paintal, Ware G Kuschner
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has multiple causes and is characterized by acute lung inflammation and increased pulmonary vascular permeability, leading to hypoxemic respiratory failure and bilateral pulmonary radiographic opacities. The acute respiratory distress syndrome is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, and effective treatment strategies are limited. This review presents the current state of the literature regarding the etiology, pathogenesis, and management strategies for ARDS...
June 17, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Dora Wood, Sophie Geoghegan, Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, Peter J Davis, Lyvonne Tume, John V Pappachan, Sarah Goodwin, Jo Wray
PURPOSE: In the United Kingdom, critically ill adolescents are treated in either adult or pediatric intensive care units (AICUs or PICUs). This study explores staff perspectives on where and how best to care for this distinct group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 members of staff (3 medical, 6 nursing, and 3 allied health professionals) working in 4 ICUs; 2 general hospital AICUs and 2 tertiary centre-based PICUs in England...
June 12, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Dana M Mueller, Barry P Markovitz, Matt S Zinter, Sarah W Takimoto, Robinder G Khemani
OBJECTIVE: To examine if fluid balance surrounding pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients was associated with mortality, ventilator-free days, and intensive care unit (ICU)-free days. To explore other population-specific factors associated with poor outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of HSCT patients admitted to 2 quaternary PICUs, Children's Hospital Los Angeles and University of California San Francisco Benioff Children's Hospital from January 2009 to December 2014...
June 11, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ralphe Bou Chebl, Hani Tamim, Gilbert Abou Dagher, Musharaf Sadat, Farhan Al Enezi, Yaseen M Arabi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to check if serum lactate was independently associated with mortality among critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study. All adult patients (>18 years of age) who had at least 1 measurement of lactate within 24 hours of admission to intensive care unit (ICU) between January 2002 and December 2017 were included in the analysis. Patients were stratified into 3 groups: those with a serum lactate of <2 mmol/L (normal level), 2 to 4 mmol/L (intermediate level), and >4 mmol/L (high level)...
June 9, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sunil Nair, Harald Sauthoff
Aggressive fluid resuscitation has become standard of care for hypotensive patients with sepsis. However, sepsis is a syndrome that occurs in patients with diverse underlying physiology and a one-size-fits-all approach to fluid administration seems misguided. To individualize fluid management, several methods to assess fluid responsiveness have been validated, but even in fluid responsive patients, fluid administration may still be harmful and lead to pulmonary edema. Hence, to individualize fluid management, in addition to fluid responsiveness, fluid tolerance needs to be assessed...
June 5, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Danielle Buell, Niall Filewod, Jonathan Ailon, Karen E A Burns
PURPOSE: To characterize physicians' stated practices in the treatment of patients with severe acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome (sAAWS) and to use intravenous (IV) phenobarbital as an adjuvant treatment for sAAWS. METHODS: A multidisciplinary, cross-sectional, self-administered survey at 2 large academic centers specializing in inner-city healthcare. RESULTS: We analyzed 105 of 195 questionnaires (53.8% response rate). On average, clinicians managed 32 cases of AAWS over a 6-month period, of which 7 (21...
May 23, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Achim Lother, Christoph Bode, Dawid L Staudacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jatinder Grewal, Anna-Liisa Sutt, Kiran Shekar, John F Fraser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Juan Qian, Tao Zhou, Bi-Jun Qiu, Long Xiang, Jian Zhang, Bo-Tao Ning, Hong Ren, Bi-Ru Li, Qiang Xia, Ying Wang
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to present our 10-year experience of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) management with pediatric liver recipients and to understand the importance of close interdisciplinary cooperation in 2 hospitals. METHODS: A retrospective chart review study was performed according to our hospital's medical records and the pediatric liver transplant database of Renji hospital. RESULTS: A total of 767 patients received liver transplantation (LT) performed in Renji hospital between October 2006 and December 2016, of which 97 of them were admitted to PICU in our center for various complications developed after transplantation...
May 15, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Lauren Koffman, Fred Rincon, Joao Gomes, Sarabdeep Singh, Yitian He, Eva Ritzl, Thomas P Bleck, Peter W Kaplan, Paul Nyquist
OBJECTIVE: Research on continuous electro-encephalographic monitoring (cEEG) in the intensive care unit (ICU) has previously focused on neuroscience ICUs. This study determines cEEG utilization within a sample of specialty ICUs world-wide. METHODS: A cross-sectional electronic survey of attending level physicians across various intensive care settings. Twenty-five questions developed from consensus statements on the use of cEEG in the critically ill sent as an electronic survey...
May 13, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Yueh-Che Hsieh, Po-Yang Tsou, Yu-Hsun Wang, Christin Chih-Ting Chao, Wan-Chien Lee, Meng-Tse Gabriel Lee, Jiunn-Yih Wu, Shy-Shin Chang, Po-Yen Chen, Chien-Chang Lee
OBJECTIVES: Predictors for post-sepsis myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke are yet to be identified due to the competing risk of death. METHODS: This study included all hospitalized patients with sepsis from National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 2000 and 2011. The primary outcome was the first occurrence of MI and stroke requiring hospitalization within 180 days following hospital discharge from the index sepsis episode. The association between predictors and post-sepsis MI and stroke were analyzed using cumulative incidence competing risk model that controlled for the competing risk of death...
May 12, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Daniel Reynolds, Rahul Kashyap, Lindsey Wallace, Ognjen Gajic, Hemang Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Older adult individuals often have acute illnesses predisposing them to developing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We aimed to identify the relationship between age and the development of ARDS in a cohort of hospitalized patients. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective multicenter observational cohort study of hospitalized patients at risk of developing ARDS admitted to 22 hospitals from March 2009 to August 2009. Patients were classified as older adults if their age was 80 or greater...
May 8, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Tanuwong Viarasilpa, Nicha Panyavachiraporn, Jack Jordan, Seyed Mani Marashi, Meredith van Harn, Noel O Akioyamen, Robert G Kowalski, Stephan A Mayer
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially life-threatening complication among critically ill patients. Neurocritical care patients are presumed to be at high risk for VTE; however, data regarding risk factors in this population are limited. We designed this study to evaluate the frequency, risk factors, and clinical impact of VTE in neurocritical care patients. METHODS: We obtained data from the electronic medical record of all adult patients admitted to neurological intensive care unit (NICU) at Henry Ford Hospital between January 2015 and March 2018...
May 7, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Yazan Zayed, Momen Banifadel, Mahmoud Barbarawi, Babikir Kheiri, Adam Chahine, Laith Rashdan, Tarek Haykal, Varun Samji, Emily Armstrong, Ghassan Bachuwa, Ibrahim Al-Sanouri, Elfateh Seedahmed, Dawn-Alita Hernandez
INTRODUCTION: Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) is a leading cause of intensive care unit (ICU) admission among immunocompromised patients. Invasive mechanical ventilation is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of various oxygenation strategies including noninvasive ventilation (NIV), high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC), and conventional oxygen therapy in immunocompromised patients with AHRF. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were reviewed from inception to December 2018...
May 2, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Drayton A Hammond, Melanie N Smith, Gary D Peksa, Abhaya P Trivedi, Robert A Balk, Bryan E Menich
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of midodrine in addition to intravenous vasopressor therapy on outcomes in adults recovering from shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, , and published abstracts were searched from inception to November 2018 for studies comparing outcomes in shock after midodrine initiation versus no midodrine. RESULTS: Three studies with 2533 patients were included. Patients in whom midodrine was added to intravenous vasopressor therapy compared to intravenous vasopressor therapy alone experienced similar intensive care unit (ICU; mean difference [MD]: 1...
April 28, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Angel Joel Cadena, Sara Habib, Fred Rincon, Stephanie Dobak
Malnutrition is frequently seen among patients in the intensive care unit. Evidence shows that optimal nutritional support can lead to better clinical outcomes. Recent clinical trials debate over the efficacy of enteral nutrition (EN) over parenteral nutrition (PN). Multiple trials have studied the impact of EN versus PN in terms of health-care cost and clinical outcomes (including functional status, cost, infectious complications, mortality risk, length of hospital and intensive care unit stay, and mechanical ventilation duration)...
April 28, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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