Suraj Trivedi, Ryan Davis, Milo C Engoren, Javier Lorenzo, Graciela Mentz, Elizabeth S Jewell, Michael D Maile
OBJECTIVE: Weaning parameters are well studied in patients undergoing first time extubation. Fewer data exists to guide re-extubation of patients who failed their first extubation attempt. It is reasonable to postulate that improved weaning parameters between the first and second extubation attempt would lead to improved rates of re-extubation success. To investigate, we studied a cohort of patients who failed their first extubation attempt and underwent a second attempt at extubation...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Marco Piastra, Andrea De Bellis, Tony C Morena, Daniele De Luca, Lucilla Pezza, Alessandro Pizza, Orazio Genovese, Aldo Mancino, Enzo Picconi, Giorgio Conti
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether non-invasive ventilation (NIV) can avoid the need for tracheal intubation and/or reduce the duration of invasive ventilation (IMV) in previously intubated patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and developing acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) after major traumatic injury. STUDY DESIGN: A single center observational cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric ICU in a University Hospital (tertiary referral Pediatric Trauma Centre)...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Madhumita Premkumar, Kamal Kajal, Anand V Kulkarni, Ankur Gupta, Smita Divyaveer
Point-of-Care (POC) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is transforming the management of patients with cirrhosis presenting with septic shock, acute kidney injury, hepatorenal syndrome and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) by correctly assessing the hemodynamic and volume status at the bedside using combined echocardiography and POC ultrasound (POCUS). When POC TTE is performed by the hepatologist or intensivist in the intensive care unit (ICU), and interpreted remotely by a cardiologist, it can rule out cardiovascular conditions that may be contributing to undifferentiated shock, such as diastolic dysfunction, myocardial infarction, myocarditis, regional wall motion abnormalities and pulmonary embolism...
January 13, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Michelle Wang, Tuyen T Yankama, George T Abdallah, Ijeoma Julie Eche, Kristen N Knoph, Adrian Wong, Parth Patel, Douglas Hsu, Ifeoma Mary Eche
OBJECTIVE: Intravenous (IV) olanzapine could be an alternative to first-generation antipsychotics for the management of agitation in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We compared the effectiveness and safety of IV olanzapine to IV haloperidol for agitation management in adult patients in the ICU at a tertiary academic medical center. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who achieved a Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) score of < +1 within 4 hours of IV olanzapine or IV haloperidol administration...
January 11, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Mia Maamari, Gustavo Nino, James Bost, Yao Cheng, Anthony Sochet, Matthew Sharron
INTRODUCTION: In infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis on non-invasive ventilation (NIV) via the RAM cannula nasal interface, variables predicting subsequent intubation, or NIV non-response, are understudied. We sought to identify predictors of NIV non-response. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in infants admitted for respiratory failure from bronchiolitis placed on NIV in a quaternary children's hospital. We excluded children with concurrent sepsis, critical congenital heart disease, or with preexisting tracheostomy...
January 8, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Alyson Katz, Tania Ahuja, Serena Arnouk, Tyler C Lewis, Kassandra Marsh, John Papadopoulos, Cristian Merchan
Bleeding following cardiac surgery that warrants transfusion of blood products is associated with significant complications, including increased mortality at 1 year following surgery. Factor concentrates, such as prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC), or recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) have been used off-label for bleeding in cardiac surgery that is refractory to conventional therapy. The objective of this retrospective study is to assess the hemostatic effectiveness of 4-factor PCC or rFVIIa for bleeding after a broad range of cardiac surgeries...
January 5, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Chad M Conner, William H Perucki, Andre Gabriel, David M O'Sullivan, Antonio B Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of data evaluating the impact of heart rate (HR) during Targeted Temperature Management (TTM) and neurologic outcomes. Current resuscitation guidelines do not specify a HR goal during TTM. We sought to determine the relationship between HR and neurologic outcomes in a single-center registry dataset. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 432 consecutive patients who completed TTM (33°C) after cardiac arrest from 2008 to 2017. We evaluated the relationship between neurologic outcomes and HR during TTM...
December 30, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Garrick Mok, Ariel Hendin, Peter Reardon, Michael Hickey, Sara Gray, Krishan Yadav
Sepsis is a common disease process encountered by physicians. Sepsis can lead to septic shock, which carries a hospital mortality rate in excess of 40%. Although the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines recommend targeting a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 65 mmHg and normalization of lactate, these endpoints do not necessarily result in tissue perfusion in states of shock. While MAP and lactate are commonly used markers in resuscitation, clinicians may be able to improve their resuscitation by broadening their assessment of the microcirculation, which more adequately reflects tissue perfusion...
December 30, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Samuel Wiles, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Scott Neuhofs, Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, Jordan P Reynolds, Umur Hatipoğlu
BACKGROUND: Patients with COVID-19 and ARDS on prolonged mechanical ventilation are at risk for developing endotracheal tube (ETT) obstruction that has not been previously described in patients with ARDS due to other causes. The purpose of this report is to describe a case series of patients with COVID-19 and ARDS in which ETT occlusion resulted in significant clinical consequences and to define the pathology of the obstructing material. METHODS: Incidents of ETT occlusion during mechanical ventilation of COVID-19 patients were reported by clinicians and retrospective chart review was conducted...
December 30, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ji Hyun Yun, Sang-Bum Hong, Sung-Ho Jung, Pil Je Kang, Heungsup Sung, Mi-Na Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Jun Hee Woo, Yang-Soo Kim, Yong Pil Chong
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infection (BSI) is an important complication of extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) and a major cause of mortality. This study evaluated the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of BSI that occur during ECMO application according to microbial etiology. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent ECMO from January 2009 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed for BSI episodes at a 2,700-bed, tertiary center. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics and outcomes of BSI were evaluated and were compared for etiologic groups (gram-positive cocci, gram-negative rods, and fungi groups)...
December 30, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Anton I Moshynskyy, Jonathan F Mailman, Eric J Sy
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of after-hours/nighttime patient transfers out of the ICU on patient outcomes, by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD 42017074082). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library from 1987-November 2019. Conference abstracts from the Society of Critical Care Medicine, American Thoracic Society, CHEST, Critical Care Canada Forum, and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine from 2011-2019...
December 28, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Nicholas E Ingraham, Victor Vakayil, Kathryn M Pendleton, Alexandria J Robbins, Rebecca L Freese, Elise F Palzer, Anthony Charles, R Adams Dudley, Christopher J Tignanelli
PURPOSE: With decades of declining ICU mortality, we hypothesized that the outcomes and distribution of diseases cared for in the ICU have changed and we aimed to further characterize them. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of 287,154 nonsurgical-critically ill adults, from 237 U.S. ICUs, using the manually abstracted Cerner APACHE Outcomes database from 2008 to 2016 was performed. Surgical patients, rare admission diagnoses (<100 occurrences), and low volume hospitals (<100 total admissions) were excluded...
December 23, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
David S Cooper, Ravi Thiagarajan, Brandon Michael Henry, Jonathan W Byrnes, Andrew Misfeldt, Jason Frischer, Eileen King, Zhiqian Gao, Peter Rycus, Bradley S Marino
OBJECTIVE: When patients deteriorate after decannulation from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a second run of extracorporeal support may be considered. However, repeat cannulation can be difficult and poor outcomes associated with multiple ECMO runs are a concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes and identify factors associated with survival and mortality in cases of multiple runs of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry...
December 22, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Neda Shafiabadi Hassani, Abbas Shojaee, Zeynab Khodaprast, Roya Sepahvandi, Ehsan Shahrestanaki, Hadith Rastad
BACKGROUND: The available information on the echocardiographic features of cardiac injury related to the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and their prognostic value are scattered in the different literature. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the echocardiographic features of cardiac injury related to COVID-19 and their prognostic value. METHODS: Published studies were identified through searching PubMed, Embase (Elsevier), and Google scholar databases...
December 22, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jennifer Mackney, Meg Harrold, Sue Jenkins, Rachel Fehlberg, Lauren Thomas, Ken Havill, Angela Jacques, Kylie Hill
PURPOSE: To compare the physical function on ICU discharge in adults who survived an ICU admission for acute lung injury (ALI) with those admitted for a critical illness other than ALI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two groups were recruited, (i) those who survived an ICU admission for ALI and, (ii) those who survived an ICU admission for a critical illness other than ALI. Within 7 days of discharge from ICU, in all participants, measures were collected of peripheral muscle strength, balance, walking speed and functional exercise capacity...
December 17, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Rahul N Sood, Natasha Dudiki, Daniel Alape, Mark W Maxfiel
BACKGROUND: Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in the development of severe and persistent respiratory failure requiring long term ventilatory support. This necessitates the need for a reliable and easy to implement tracheostomy protocol given the concern for viral transmission risk to the involved healthcare personnel due to the aerosol generating nature of the procedure. We describe a protocol with unique and novel modifications to the Ciaglia dilatational percutaneous tracheostomy, effectively implemented during the Covid-19 pandemic at our institution...
December 16, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Pierre Kory, G Umberto Meduri, Jose Iglesias, Joseph Varon, Paul E Marik
In December 2019, COVID-19, a severe respiratory illness caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, China. The greatest impact that COVID-19 had was on intensive care units (ICUs), given that approximately 20% of hospitalized cases developed acute respiratory failure (ARF) requiring ICU admission. Based on the assumption that COVID-19 represented a viral pneumonia and no anti-coronaviral therapy existed, nearly all national and international health care societies' recommended "supportive care only" avoiding other therapies outside of randomized controlled trials, with a specific prohibition against the use of corticosteroids in treatment...
December 15, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Rachel L Choron, Christopher A Butts, Christopher Bargoud, Nicole J Krumrei, Amanda L Teichman, Mary E Schroeder, Michelle T Bover Manderski, Jenny Cai, Cherry Song, Michael B Rodricks, Matthew Lissauer, Rajan Gupta
PURPOSE: While fever may be a presenting symptom of COVID-19, fever at hospital admission has not been identified as a predictor of mortality. However, hyperthermia during critical illness among ventilated COVID-19 patients in the ICU has not yet been studied. We sought to determine mortality predictors among ventilated COVID-19 ICU patients and we hypothesized that fever in the ICU is predictive of mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 103 ventilated COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU between March 14 and May 27, 2020...
December 15, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Joseph L Simonson, Juliana A Rosentsveyg, Noah G Schwartz, Abhinav Agrawal, Seth Koenig, Gulrukh Z Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of transfusion in treating sickle cell disease acute chest syndrome, the target hemoglobin and optimal modality for transfusion remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare hospital length of stay (LOS) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with acute chest syndrome transfused to hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL versus patients transfused to hemoglobin < 8 g/dL; and to compare hospital LOS in acute chest syndrome patients treated with and without exchange transfusion...
December 14, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Alexander Kushnir, Eytan Palte, Nadia Morris, Zoha A Shahabuddin, Jeffrey Hammond, Sinisa Vukelic, LeRoy E Rabbani
PURPOSE: To assess the potential clinical impact of an automated urine output (UOP) monitoring system in the intensive care unit. METHODS: Frequency of UOP documentation during a 20-month period was assessed in records of inpatients on the medicine floor, cardiac intensive care (CCU), and cardiothoracic-intensive care units (CTICU). Documentation timeliness (time between expected and observed UOP recording) was assessed over a 3-month period. A novel reusable device that monitors UOP based on continuous analysis of the weight of a urine collection container was tested in the CCU/CTICU...
December 9, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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