Rahul Chaturvedi, Brittany N Burton, Suraj Trivedi, Ulrich H Schmidt, Rodney A Gabriel
BACKGROUND: Sepsis continues to be the leading cause of death in intensive care units and surgical patients comprise almost one third of all sepsis patients. Anemia is a modifiable risk factor for worse postoperative outcomes in sepsis patients. Here we aim to evaluate the association of preoperative anemia and postoperative mortality in sepsis patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry was used to query for preoperative sepsis patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy between 2014 and 2016...
October 21, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Klaus Stahl, Rolf Bikker, Benjamin Seeliger, Julius J Schmidt, Heiko Schenk, Bernhard M W Schmidt, Tobias Welte, Hermann Haller, Marius M Hoeper, Korbinian Brand, Sascha David
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of immunoglobulins of the classes IgG, IgG1, IgA and IgM is associated with severity of disease and mortality in sepsis and septic shock. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) with fresh frozen plasma (FFP) has recently gained attention as an adjunctive therapeutic option in early septic shock. We hypothesized that TPE might modulate immunoglobulin deficiencies besides sole elimination of circulating injurious molecules. METHODS: We conducted a prospective single center study with TPE in 33 patients with early septic shock (onset < 12 h) requiring high doses of norepinephrine (NE > 0...
October 16, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
(no author information available yet)
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October 16, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Megan F Hunt, Katharine T Clark, Glenn Whitman, Chun Woo Choi, Romergryko G Geocadin, Sung-Min Cho
Acute brain injury (ABI) increases morbidity and mortality in patients with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). Optimal neurologic monitoring methods have not been well-explicated. We studied the use of Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) to monitor cerebral regional oxygenation tissue saturation (rSO2) and its relation to ABI in VA-ECMO. In this prospective, observational cohort study of 39 consecutive patients, we analyzed the ability of rSO2 values from continuous bedside NIRS monitoring to predict ABI during VA-ECMO support...
October 15, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Daniel G Fein, Dawn Zhao, Kyle Swartz, Peter Nauka, Luke Andrea, Michael Aboodi, Ariel L Shiloh, Lewis A Eisen
BACKGROUND: While numerous investigations have described worse outcomes for patients undergoing emergent procedures at night, few studies have investigated the impact of nighttime on the outcomes of emergent endotracheal intubation (EEI). We hypothesized that for patients requiring EEI at night, the outcome of first pass success would be lower as compared to during the day. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients admitted to our institution between January 1st, 2016 and July 17st, 2019 who underwent EEI outside of an emergency department or operating room...
October 15, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Rodney A Gabriel, Suraj Trivedi, Ulrich H Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Predicting the mortality from post-operative sepsis remains a continuing problem. We built a statistical model using national data to predict mortality in patients who developed post-operative sepsis. METHODS: This is a retrospective study using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Surgical Improvement Program database, in which we gathered data from adult patients between 2011 and 2016 who experienced postoperative sepsis. We designed a predictive model using multivariable logistic regression on a training set and validated the model on a separate test set...
October 12, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Andrew D May, Ann M Parker, Ellen S Caldwell, Catherine L Hough, Jennifer E Jutte, Mayra Sanchez Gonzalez, Dale M Needham, Megan M Hosey
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of provider-documented anxiety in critically ill patients, associated risk factors, and related patient outcomes. METHOD: Chart review of 100 randomly sampled, adult patients, with a length of stay ≥48 hours in a medical or trauma/surgical intensive care unit (ICU). Provider-documented anxiety was identified based on a comprehensive retrospective chart review of the ICU stay, searching for any acute episode of anxiety (e.g...
October 9, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Fiore Mastroianni, Daniel E Leisman, Grace Fisler, Mangala Narasimhan
PURPOSE: COVID-19 has been associated with a dysregulated inflammatory response. Patients who have received solid-organ transplants are more susceptible to infections in general due to the use of immunosuppressants. We investigated factors associated with mechanical ventilation and outcomes in solid-organ transplant recipients with COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all solid-organ transplant recipients admitted with a diagnosis of COVID-19 in our 23-hospital health system over a 1-month period...
October 9, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Patrick Schober, Erik J Lust, Leo M A Heunks, Lothar A Schwarte
PURPOSE: Purpose of this report is to describe the feasibility of lingual pulse oximetry and lingual near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in a COVID-19 patient to assess lingual tissue viability after several days of mechanical ventilation in the prone position. MATERIALS & METHODS: In a COVID-19 ICU-patient, the tongue became grotesquely swollen, hardened and protruding from the oral cavity after 20 h of mechanical ventilation uninterrupted in the prone position...
October 9, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sumit Kapoor, Sudham Chand, Vladyslav Dieiev, Melissa Fazzari, Tristan Tanner, David C Lewandowski, Anil Nalla, Omar Abdulfattah, Michael S Aboodi, Ariel L Shiloh, Michelle N Gong
BACKGROUND: Covid-19 associated coagulopathy (CAC) is associated with prothrombotic state and thromboembolism. However, true incidence of thromboembolic events is difficult to determine in the ICU setting. The aim of our study was to investigate the cumulative incidence of thromboembolic events in Covid-19 patients needing intensive care unit (ICU) admission and assessing the utility of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) to screen for and diagnose lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT)...
October 6, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kevin G Buell, Jonathan D Casey, Michael J Noto, Todd W Rice, Matthew W Semler, Joanna L Stollings
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing for the de-escalation of broad-spectrum antibiotics with activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and resistant Gram-negative rods (GNRs) in critically ill adults remains unknown. RESEARCH QUESTION: We tested the hypothesis that cultures will identify GNRs that ultimately demonstrate resistance to ceftriaxone within 48 hours, potentially allowing safe de-escalation at this time point. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Isotonic Solutions and Major Adverse Renal Events Trial: a pragmatic, cluster-randomized, multiple-crossover trial comparing balanced crystalloids versus saline for intravenous fluid administration in 15,802 critically ill adults at 5 intensive care units (ICUs) at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, TN, USA...
October 5, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Mitchell Padkins, Thomas Breen, Nandan Anavekar, Gregory Barsness, Kianoush Kashani, Jacob C Jentzer
PURPOSE: To study the effect of hypoalbuminemia on short- and long-term mortality in Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) patients. METHODS: We reviewed 12,418 unique CICU patients from 2007 to 2018. Hypoalbuminemia was defined as an admission albumin level <3.5 g/dL. Predictors of hospital mortality were identified using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: We included 2,680 patients (22%) with a measured admission albumin level. The median age was 68 (39% females)...
October 5, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Nathan J Smischney, Ashish K Khanna, Ernesto Brauer, Lee E Morrow, Uchenna R Ofoma, David A Kaufman, Ayan Sen, Chakradhar Venkata, Peter Morris, Vikas Bansal
BACKGROUND: Little is known about hypoxemia surrounding endotracheal intubation in the critically ill. Thus, we sought to identify risk factors associated with peri-intubation hypoxemia and its effects' on the critically ill. METHODS: Data from a multicenter, prospective, cohort study enrolling 1,033 critically ill adults who underwent endotracheal intubation across 16 medical/surgical ICUs in the United States from July 2015-January 2017 were used to identify risk factors associated with peri-intubation hypoxemia and its effects on patient outcomes...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Max Berrill
A minority of patients with Severe Acutre Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease-2019 (Covid-19) develop pulmonary features consistent with the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Prone positioning (PP) is an intervention with proven survival benefits in moderate-to-severe and severe ARDS. It is advocated in international guidelines as an intervention in mechanically ventilated Covid-19 patients, despite very few published trials investigating its efficacy in Covid-19. There is an ongoing debate regarding the prevalence of reported mismatches between the severity of hypoxaemia and the preservation of pulmonary compliance in some patients, in the early stages of SARS-CoV-2 infection...
September 30, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Lauren K Buhl, Andres Brenes Bastos, Richard J Pollard, Jeffrey E Arle, George P Thomas, Yinchen Song, M Dustin Boone
Intraoperative neuromonitoring was introduced in the second half of the 20th century with the goal of preventing patient morbidity for patients undergoing complex operations of the central and peripheral nervous system. Since its early use for scoliosis surgery, the growth and utilization of IOM techniques expanded dramatically over the past 50 years to include spinal tumor resection and evaluation of cerebral ischemia. The importance of IOM has been broadly acknowledged, and in 1989, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) released a statement that the use of SSEPs should be standard-of-care during spine surgery...
September 28, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Diep Nguyen, Brandon Ngo, Eric vanSonnenberg
AI is the latest technologic trend that likely will have a huge impact in medicine. AI's potential lies in its ability to process large volumes of data and perform complex pattern analyses. The ICU is an area of medicine that is particularly conducive to AI applications. Much AI ICU research currently is focused on improving high volumes of data on high-risk patients and making clinical workflow more efficient. Emerging topics of AI medicine in the ICU include AI sensors, sepsis prediction, AI in the NICU or SICU, and the legal role of AI in medicine...
September 28, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Priyanka Sanghi, Mohsan Malik, Ibtesham T Hossain, Bita Manzouri
PURPOSE: Ocular complications are common in the critical care setting but are frequently missed due to the focus on life-saving organ support. The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a surge in critical care capacity and prone positioning practices which may increase the risk of ocular complications. This article aims to review all ocular complications associated with prone positioning, with a focus on challenges posed by COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review using keywords of "intensive care", "critical care", "eye care", "ocular disorders", "ophthalmic complications," "coronavirus", "COVID-19," "prone" and "proning" was performed using the electronic databases of PUBMED, EMBASE and CINAHL...
September 28, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Malini Mahendra, Patrick McQuillen, R Adams Dudley, Martina A Steurer
OBJECTIVE: Describe patient and hospital characteristics associated with Arterial Catheter (AC) or Central Venous Catheter (CVC) use among pediatric intensive care units (ICUs). DESIGN: Hierarchical mixed effects analyses were used to identify patient and hospital characteristics associated with AC or CVC placement. The ICU adjusted median odds ratios (ICU-AMOR) for the admission ICU, marginal R2 , and conditional intraclass correlation coefficient were reported...
September 24, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Josefina Udi, Corinna N Lang, Viviane Zotzmann, Kirsten Krueger, Annabelle Fluegle, Fabian Bamberg, Christoph Bode, Daniel Duerschmied, Tobias Wengenmayer, Dawid L Staudacher
BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV2 can cause pulmonary failure requiring prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation (MV). Lung protective ventilation strategies are recommended in order to minimize ventilator induced lung injury. Whether patients with COVID-19 have the same risk for complications including barotrauma is still unknown. Therefore, we investigated barotrauma in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia requiring prolonged MV. METHODS: All patients meeting diagnosis criteria for ARDS according to the Berlin Definition, with PCR positive SARS-CoV2 infection and prolonged mechanical ventilation, defined as ≥2 days, treated at our ARDS referral center between March and April 2020 were included in a retrospective registry analysis...
September 22, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ashley I Simpson, Kalpesh R Vaghela, Hazel Brown, Kate Adams, Marco Sinisi, Michael Fox, Tom Quick
INTRODUCTION: Prone positioning is deployed as a critical treatment for improving oxygenation in patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. This regimen is currently highly prevalent in the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has brought about increased concern about how best to safely avoid brachial plexus injuries when caring for unconscious proned patients. METHODS: A review of the published literature on brachial plexus injuries secondary to proning ventilated patients was performed...
September 22, 2020: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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