Senta Jorinde Raasveld, Thijs S R Delnoij, Lars M Broman, Annemieke Oude Lansink-Hartgring, Greet Hermans, Erwin De Troy, Fabio S Taccone, Manuel Quintana Diaz, Franciska van der Velde, Dinis Dos Reis Miranda, Erik Scholten, Alexander P J Vlaar
BACKGROUND: To report and compare the characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to non-COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients on ECMO. METHODS: We performed an international retrospective study of COVID-19 patients on ECMO from 13 intensive care units from March 1 to April 30, 2020. Demographic data, ECMO characteristics and clinical outcomes were collected. The primary outcome was to assess the complication rate and 28-day mortality; the secondary outcome was to compare patient and ECMO characteristics between COVID-19 patients on ECMO and non-COVID-19 related ARDS patients on ECMO (non-COVID-19; January 1, 2018 until July 31, 2019)...
April 7, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jonathan Lattell, Gaurav A Upadhyay
Bradyarrhythmias represent a common pathology in the intensive care unit (ICU) with etiologies of varying severity. Treatment has often been focused on correcting underlying causes and may require pacing for urgent hemodynamic support. In recent years, there has been interest in physiologic pacing modalities which avoid the dyssynchrony from right ventricular (RV) only pacing. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) through biventricular pacing is a well-established device-based electrical therapy in patients with wide QRS and heart failure...
April 5, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Lauren E Gibson, Raffaele Di Fenza, Min Lang, Martin I Capriles, Matthew D Li, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Brent P Little, Pankaj Arora, Ariel L Mueller, Fumito Ichinose, Edward A Bittner, Lorenzo Berra, Marvin G Chang
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is common and associated with worse outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In non-COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome, RV dysfunction develops due to pulmonary hypoxic vasoconstriction, inflammation, and alveolar overdistension or atelectasis. Although similar pathogenic mechanisms may induce RV dysfunction in COVID-19, other COVID-19-specific pathology, such as pulmonary endothelialitis, thrombosis, or myocarditis, may also affect RV function...
March 30, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Matthew Gandjian, Catherine Williamson, Yu Xia, Carlos Maturana, Nikhil Chervu, Arjun Verma, Zachary Tran, Yas Sanaiha, Peyman Benharash
PURPOSE: Safety net hospitals (SNH) have been associated with inferior surgical outcomes and increased resource use. Utilization and outcomes for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a rescue modality for patients with respiratory or cardiac failure, may vary by safety net status. We hypothesized SNH to be associated with inferior outcomes and costs of ECMO in a national cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2008-2017 National Inpatient Sample was queried for ECMO hospitalizations and safety net hospitals were identified...
March 30, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kevin Ho, Joshua Gordon, Kevin T Litzenberg, Matthew C Exline, Joshua A Englert, Derrick D Herman
BACKGROUND: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a frequent cause of respiratory failure in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and results in significant morbidity and mortality. ARDS often develops as a result of a local or systemic inflammatory insult. Cancer can lead to systemic inflammation but whether cancer is an independent risk factor for developing ARDS is unknown. We hypothesized that critically ill cancer patients admitted to the ICU were at increased risk for the diagnosis of ARDS...
March 29, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
J Pablo Morocho, A Fernando Martínez, M Mónica Cevallos, Jorge Vasconez-Gonzalez, Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Alejandra Barreto-Grimaldos, Jorge Luis Vélez-Páez
INTRODUCTION: Microcirculatory alterations characterize septic shock; increased blood lactate level has been described as markers of microcirculation alteration in patients with septic shock. Although useful, this serological analysis is not always feasible in all settings worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a prolonged capillary refilling is a predictor of mortality in patients with septic shock. METHODOLOGY: A 10-months prospective cohort study was carried out on 175 patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with the diagnosis of septic shock...
March 26, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Zhixiang Mou, Tianjun Guan, Lan Chen
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common complications in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), but there is no systematic analysis regarding its risk factors. This meta-analysis aims to determine the risk factors of AKI in adult patients with ECMO treatment. METHODS: Two authors independently carried out a systemic literature search using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase until April 20, 2020 (inclusive) to enroll 12 studies reporting the necessary clinical characteristics...
March 25, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jacob C Jentzer, Carlos L Alviar, P Elliott Miller, Thomas Metkus, Courtney E Bennett, David A Morrow, Gregory W Barsness, Kianoush B Kashani, Ognjen Gajic
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology, outcomes, and temporal trends of respiratory failure in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of 2,986 unique Mayo Clinic CICU patients from 2007 to 2018 with respiratory failure. Temporal trends were analyzed, along with hospital and 1-year mortality. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine adjusted hospital mortality trends. RESULTS: The prevalence of respiratory failure in the CICU increased from 15% to 38% during the study period ( P < 0...
March 24, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ashish Bhargava, Susanna M Szpunar, Mamta Sharma, Elisa Akagi Fukushima, Sami Hoshi, Miriam Levine, Nikhil Gandhi, Wei Zhao, Somero Michael, Farah Tanveer, Dima Youssef, Meredith Coyle, Johnson Leonard, Louis Saravolatz
BACKGROUND: Mortality from COVID-19 has been associated with older age, black race, and comorbidities including obesity, Understanding the clinical risk factors and laboratory biomarkers associated with severe and fatal COVID-19 will allow early interventions to help mitigate adverse outcomes. Our study identified risk factors for in-hospital mortality among patients with COVID-19 infection at a tertiary care center, in Detroit, Michigan. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective cohort study at a 776-bed tertiary care urban academic medical center...
March 24, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Michael A Frakes, Jeremy B Richards, Michael N Cocchi, Ari Cohen, Jason E Cohen, James Dargin, Franklin D Friedman, Adam S Kaye, Jordan S Rettig, Raghu Seethala, Susan R Wilcox
PURPOSE: Critical care transport is associated with a high rate of adverse events, and the risks and outcomes of transporting critically ill patients during the COVID-19 pandemic have not been previously described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of transports of subjects with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 from sending hospitals to tertiary care hospitals in Boston. Follow-up data were obtained for patients transported between March 1st and April 20th, 2020...
March 22, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Michael R Kahn, Richard L Watson, Jay T Thetford, Joseph Isaac Wong, Nader Kamangar
OBJECTIVE.: To report the high incidence of barotrauma in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to discuss its implications. DESIGN.: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING.: ICU of an academic county hospital in Los Angeles, CA admitted from March 15-June 20, 2020. PATIENTS.: 77 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. 75 patients met inclusion criteria...
March 15, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Vikas S Koppurapu, Maksym Puliaiev, Kevin C Doerschug, Gregory A Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) need mechanical ventilation secondary to acute respiratory distress syndrome. Information on the respiratory system mechanical characteristics of this disease is limited. The aim of this study is to describe the respiratory system mechanical properties of ventilated COVID-19 patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Patients consecutively admitted to the medical intensive care unit at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in Iowa City, USA, from April 19 to May 1, 2020, were prospectively studied; final date of follow-up was May 1, 2020...
March 11, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Daniel King, Danielle Davison, Ivy Benjenk, Eric Heinz, Khashayar Vaziri, Katrina Hawkins, David Yamane
PURPOSE: Instructional videos of medical procedures can be a useful guide for learners, demonstrating proper and safe technique. Open publishing sites such as YouTube are readily accessible, however the content is not peer reviewed and quality of videos vary greatly. Our aim was to evaluate a learner's ability to interpret the quality of openly published content by comparing their rating of the most popular central line insertion videos on YouTube to expert evaluations. METHOD: YouTube search results for "central line placement" sorted by views or relevance compiled a list of the four most common videos...
March 10, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Rupesh Raina, Nirav Agrawal, Kirsten Kusumi, Avisha Pandey, Abhishek Tibrewal, Alexander Botsch
OBJECTIVE: Continuous kidney replacement therapy (CKRT) is the primary therapeutic modality utilized in hemodynamically unstable patients with severe acute kidney injury. As the circuit is extracorporeal, it poses an increased risk of blood clotting and circuit loss; frequent circuit losses affect the provider's ability to provide optimal treatment. The objective of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the extracorporeal anticoagulants in the pediatric CKRT population...
March 10, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ali A El-Solh, Umberto G Meduri, Yolanda Lawson, Michael Carter, Kari A Mergenhagen
BACKGROUND: Mortality attributable to coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) 2 infection occurs mainly through the development of viral pneumonia-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). RESEARCH QUESTION: The objective of the study is to delineate the clinical profile, predictors of disease progression, and 30-day mortality from ARDS using the Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Analysis of a historical cohort of 7,816 hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection between January 1, 2020, and August 1, 2020...
March 9, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Michael D Wood, J Gordon Boyd, Nicole Wood, James Frank, Timothy D Girard, Amanda Ross-White, Akash Chopra, Denise Foster, Donald E G Griesdale
BACKGROUND: Several studies have previously reported the presence of altered cerebral perfusion during sepsis. However, the role of non-invasive neuromonitoring, and the impact of altered cerebral perfusion, in sepsis patients with delirium remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of studies that used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and/or transcranial Doppler (TCD) to assess adults (≥18 years) with sepsis and delirium. From study inception to July 28, 2020, we searched the following databases: Ovid MedLine, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science...
March 9, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Zana Alattar, Shelby Hoebee, Eyal Ron, Paul Kang, Eric vanSonnenberg
PURPOSE: A systematic review done to evaluate obesity as a risk factor for injuries and mortality in motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) in the pediatric population, as there has not been a systematic review done in over 10 years. This study aims to update the literature regarding obesity as a risk factor for injuries in MVAs in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines with strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulting in the use of 3 total articles to analyze obesity as a risk factor for overall injury and mortality in the pediatric population...
March 9, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
André Becker, Frederik Seiler, Ralf M Muellenbach, Guy Danziger, Maren Kamphorst, Christopher Lotz, Robert Bals, Philipp M Lepper
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that COVID-19-associated severe respiratory failure (CARDS) might differ from usual acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to failing autoregulation of pulmonary vessels and higher shunt. We sought to investigate pulmonary hemodynamics and ventilation properties in patients with CARDS compared to patients with ARDS of pulmonary origin. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from consecutive adults with laboratory-confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 patients treated in our ICU in 04/2020 and a comparison of the data to matched controls with ARDS due to respiratory infections treated in our ICU from 01/2014 to 08/2019 for whom pulmonary artery catheter data were available...
March 8, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Shelby Hoebee, Eyal Ron, Zana Alattar, Paul Kang, Eric vanSonnenberg
PURPOSE: A systematic review and meta-analysis were done to evaluate the effect of obesity in injury and mortality due to motor vehicle accidents. MATERIALS & METHODS: The systematic review consisted of 20 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The meta-analysis was conducted on these studies to analyze obesity as a risk factor for specific injuries, as well as overall injury and mortality compared to non-obese patients. RESULTS: The data revealed that obesity was associated with increased lower extremity injuries (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
March 5, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Helene Häberle, Harry Magunia, Peter Lang, Henning Gloeckner, Andreas Körner, Michael Koeppen, Tamam Backchoul, Nisar Malek, Rupert Handgretinger, Peter Rosenberger, Valbona Mirakaj
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic reached Germany in spring 2020. No proven treatment for SARS-CoV-2 was available at that time, especially for severe COVID-19-induced ARDS. We determined whether the infusion of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) would help to improve pulmonary function and overall outcome in patients with severe COVID-19 ARDS. We offered MSC infusion as an extended indication to all critically ill COVID-19 patients with a Horovitz index <100. We treated 5 out of 23 patients with severe COVID-19 ARDS with an infusion of MSCs...
March 5, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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