Matthew F Pizzuto, Ashley G Sutton, Katherine S Schroeder, Mercedes A Bravo, Lang Li, Margaret J Kihlstrom
Introduction: Patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) typically transfer to an acute care floor prior to discharge (ACD). Various circumstances, including rapid clinical improvement, technology dependence, or capacity constraints, may lead to discharge directly to home from a PICU (DDH). This practice has been studied in adult intensive care units, but research is lacking for PICU patients. Methods: We aimed to describe characteristics and outcomes of patients requiring PICU admission who experienced DDH versus ACD...
March 9, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ahmed Gohar, Pradhab Kirupaharan, Valentina Amaral, Lynne Kokoczka, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Simon Mucha, Abhijit Duggal
Prone position ventilation (PPV) is one of the few interventions with a proven mortality benefit in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), yet it is underutilized as demonstrated by multiple large observational studies. Significant barriers to its consistent application have been identified and studied. But the complex interplay of a multidisciplinary team makes its consistent application challenging. We present a framework of multidisciplinary collaboration that identifies the appropriate patients for this intervention and discuss our institutional experience applying a multidisciplinary team to implement prone position (PP) leading up to and through the current COVID-19 pandemic...
March 7, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
A Mc Mahon, S Griffin, Emma Gorman, Aoife Lennon, Stephen Kielthy, Andrea Flannery, Bindu Sam Cherian, Minu Josy, B Marsh
INTRODUCTION: Around 20% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergo tracheostomy insertion and expect high-quality care concentrating on patient-centered outcomes including communication, oral intake, and mobilization. The majority of data has focused on timing, mortality, and resource utilization, with a paucity of information on quality of life following tracheostomy. METHODS: Single center retrospective study including all patients requiring tracheostomy from 2017 to 2019...
March 7, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Leonie Jochheim, David Jochheim, Livia Habenicht, Alexander Herner, Jörg Ulrich, Johannes Wiessner, Markus Heilmaier, Sebastian Rasch, R M Schmid, T Lahmer, Ulrich Mayr
Introduction: Septic shock is associated with high mortality and hemodynamic impairment. The use of corticoids is a common therapeutic tool in critically ill patients. However, data on the mechanisms and prognostic ability of hemodynamic improvement by adjunctive steroids are rare. This study primarily aimed to evaluate short-term effects of hydrocortisone therapy on catecholamine requirement and hemodynamics derived from transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) in 30 critically ill patients with septic shock and a 28 days mortality rate of 50%...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Scott J Millington, Henry Mayo-Malasky, Seth Koenig
The use of agitated saline contrast (ASC) during echocardiographic examinations is a well-established practice, most commonly performed to identify atrial septal abnormalities in the context of stroke. In the intensive care unit, this technique may be employed to identify anatomic right-to-left shunts (either intracardiac or transpulmonary) that may be contributing to hypoxemic respiratory failure. This narrative review will describe the technique of ASC injection, summarize clinical scenarios where it may be useful, and review the strengths and limitations of the tool...
February 24, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Josipa Domazet Bugarin, Lenko Saric, Nikola Delic, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Darko Ilic, Ivana Saric, Sanda Stojanovic Stipic, Bozidar Duplancic
Purpose: To investigate the quality of life (QoL) of survivors from severe forms of COVID-19 treated in the ICU. Methods: In this study, we investigated the QoL of patients with severe COVID-19 treated in the ICU from November 2021 to February 2022. In the study period, 288 patients were treated in ICU and 162 were alive at the time of analysis. Of those, 113 patients were included in this study. QoL was analyzed 4 months after ICU admission using the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire administered by telephone. Results: Of the 162 surviving patients, 46% reported moderate to severe problems in the anxiety/depression domain, 37% had moderate to severe problems in usual activities, and 29% in the mobility domain...
February 20, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Alenka Golicnik, Ina Zivanovic, Vojka Gorjup, Jernej Berden
Background: COVID-19 has led to increased numbers of patients in need of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support, but knowledge on management in comparison to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) of other etiologies is still lacking. We analyzed venovenous ECMO management and survival outcomes in patients with COVID-19 in comparison to influenza ARDS and pulmonary ARDS of other origin. Results: Retrospective analysis of prospective venovenous ECMO registry-based data collection was performed...
February 19, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
A Braga, S Martins, A R Ferreira, J Fernandes, T Vieira, L Fontes, I Coimbra, L Fernandes, J A Paiva
Introduction: Critical care survivors sustain a variety of sequelae after intensive care medicine (ICM) admission, and the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has added further challenges. Specifically, ICM memories play a significant role, and delusional memories are associated with poor outcomes post-discharge including a delayed return to work and sleep problems. Deep sedation has been associated with a greater risk of perceiving delusional memories, bringing a move toward lighter sedation. However, there are limited reports on post-ICM memories in COVID-19, and influence of deep sedation has not been fully defined...
February 19, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Hashim Kareemi, Michael Pratte, Shane English, Ariel Hendin
Acutely elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) may have devastating effects on patient mortality and neurologic outcomes, yet its initial detection remains difficult because of the variety of manifestations that it can cause disease states it is associated with. Several treatment guidelines exist for specific disease processes such as trauma or ischemic stroke, but their recommendations may not apply to other causes. In the acute setting, management decisions must often be made before the underlying cause is known...
February 19, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Patric W Gibbons, Jungyeon Kim, Rebecca E Cash, Shuhan He, Debbie Lai, B Christian Renne, Jarone Lee
BACKGROUND: To describe the influence of COVID-19 caseload surges and overall capacity in the intensive care unit (ICU) on mortality among US population and census divisions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the national COVID ActNow database between January 1, 2021 until March 1, 2022. The main outcome used was COVID-19 weekly mortality rates, which were calculated and incorporated into several generalized estimation of effects models with predictor variables that included ICU bed capacity, as well as ICU capacity used by COVID cases while adjusting for ratios of vaccinations in populations, case density, and percentage of the population over the age of 65...
February 15, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Malak Abbas, Nada Farhat, Zainab Hammoud, Curtis Dickey, Ali Shuayto, Nai-Wei Chen, Lama M Hsaiky, Matthew Sims, David Sengstock, Joseph Schramski, Zafar Shamoon
Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoaV-2) is responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In randomized clinical trials, patients who were treated with the anti-spike monoclonal antibody bamlanivimab had fewer COVID-19-related hospitalizations or emergency department (ED) visits than the control group. Methods: A retrospective cohort was assembled across a multisite healthcare system between November 20, 2020 and March 31, 2021. Ambulatory COVID-19 patients treated with bamlanivimab (n = 209) were propensity score matched without replacement (1:1) to a pool of 1024 eligible control patients who received similar care without bamlanivimab...
February 12, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jack C Pluenneke, Matthew W Semler, Jonathan D Casey, Edward T Qian, Todd W Rice, Joanna L Stollings
Purpose/Background: Pharmacists have been shown to play an important role in the medication management of critically ill patients. Pharmacist interventions in the care of critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have not been quantitatively described. Methodology: A single center, retrospective, observational study was conducted at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee. All adult patients admitted to the COVID-19 intensive care unit (ICU) or Medical ICU with a COVID-19 diagnosis between March 1, 2020, and June 30, 2021, were included...
February 8, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sander Siepel, Tariq A Dam, Lucas M Fleuren, Armand R J Girbes, Mark Hoogendoorn, Patrick J Thoral, Paul W G Elbers, Frank C Bennis
BACKGROUND: Identification of clinical phenotypes in critically ill COVID-19 patients could improve understanding of the disease heterogeneity and enable prognostic and predictive enrichment. However, previous attempts did not take into account temporal dynamics with high granularity. By including the dimension of time, we aim to gain further insights into the heterogeneity of COVID-19. METHODS: We used granular data from 3202 adult COVID patients in the Dutch Data Warehouse that were admitted to one of 25 Dutch ICUs between February 2020 and March 2021...
February 6, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Helen Liu, Stephen McCroskery, Vignesh Rajasekaran, Anne S Linker, Jashvant Poeran, Tuyet-Trinh Truong
BACKGROUND: Using History and Physical Examination (H&P) notes, we investigated potential racial differences in documented chief complaints and problems among sepsis patients admitted to the intensive care unit. METHODS: Patient records from Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC-III) dataset indicating a diagnosis of sepsis were included. First recorded clinical notes for each hospital admission were assessed; free text information was specifically extracted on (1) chief complaints, and (2) problems recorded in the Assessment & Plan (A&P) section...
February 5, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ashraf Roshdy
The increased application of mechanical ventilation, the recognition of its harms and the interest in individualization raised the need for an effective monitoring. An increasing number of monitoring tools and modalities were introduced over the past 2 decades with growing insight into asynchrony, lung and chest wall mechanics, respiratory effort and drive. They should be used in a complementary rather than a standalone way. A sound strategy can guide a reduction in adverse effects like ventilator-induced lung injury, ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction, patient-ventilator asynchrony and helps early weaning from the ventilator...
February 3, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Lydia R Ware, Brian R Schuler, Melanie Z Goodberlet, Kaylee K Marino, Kenneth E Lupi, Jeremy R DeGrado
INTRODUCTION: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is commonly used with benzodiazepines for the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS), but limited data exist regarding its use with phenobarbital (PHB). This analysis evaluated the utility of DEX in addition to PHB for AWS in adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort analysis of critically ill adult patients who received PHB plus either DEX or different adjunctive therapies (NO-DEX) for AWS between 2018 and 2021...
January 26, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Dhruv Sarma, Meir Tabi, Alejandro A Rabinstein, Kianoush Kashani, Jacob C Jentzer
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding urine output (UO) as a prognostic marker in out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest (OHCA) survivors undergoing targeted temperature management (TTM). METHODS: We included 247 comatose adult patients who underwent TTM after OHCA between 2007 and 2017, excluding patients with end-stage renal disease. Three groups were defined based on mean hourly UO during the first 24 h: Group 1 (<0.5 mL/kg/h, n = 73), Group 2 (0.5-1 mL/kg/h, n = 81) and Group 3 (>1 mL/kg/h, n = 93)...
January 22, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ohoud Aljuhani, Ghazwa B Korayem, Ali F Altebainawi, Abdullah Al Harthi, Hisham A Badreldin, Muath A Alsalloum, Khalid Eljaaly, Aisha Alharbi, Rowina Aljehani, Ramesh Vishwakarma, Abeer A Alenazi, Mai Alalawi, Abdulrahman Alissa, Kholoud Al Aamer, Huda Al Enazi, Mohammed Almusallam, Abdulaziz Alshehri, Rawan Bukhari, Ghaday Alasmari, Maha M AlQahtani, Sultanah Al Shammari, Hatim O Alsulaymi, Khalid Al Sulaiman
Background: Tocilizumab (TCZ) has been proposed as potential rescue therapy for severe COVID-19. No previous study has primarily assessed the role of TCZ in preventing severe COVID-19-related multiorgan dysfunction. Hence, this multicenter cohort study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of TCZ early use versus standard of care in preventing severe COVID-19-related multiorgan dysfunction in COVID-19 critically ill patients during intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Methods: A multicenter, retrospective cohort study includes critically ill adult patients with COVID-19 admitted to the ICUs...
January 22, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sneha Patel, Joanna L Stollings, Jonathan D Casey, Li Wang, Todd W Rice, Matthew W Semler
INTRODUCTION: Many patients who pass a spontaneous awakening trial (SAT) and spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) do not undergo extubation that day. We aimed to identify predictors of extubation on the day of passing an SBT and to develop prediction models for extubation among mechanically ventilated patients. METHODS: In a cohort of mechanically ventilated patients who had passed an SBT in a single, academic medical intensive care unit (ICU) from 2018 to 2019, we developed a logistic regression model for identifying predictors of extubation...
January 17, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kevin Frederick Deasy, Anne-Marie Sweeney, Hammad Danish, Emily O'Reilly, Hisham Ibrahim, Marcus Peter Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the risk of infection related to reusable bronchoscopes, the global drive toward disposable technology and the COVID-19 pandemic have led to an increase in the use and production of single use or disposable bronchoscopes. An in-depth comparison of all available devices has not been published. METHODS: A benchtop comparison of the Ambu® aScopeTM , Boston Scientific® EXALTTM Model B, the Surgical Company Broncoflex© Vortex, Pentax® Medical ONE Pulmo™, and Vathin® H-SteriscopeTM (all 2...
January 7, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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