Kathleen A S Thomas, Bernadine F O'Brien, Agatha T Fryday, Ellen C Robinson, Marissa J L Hales, Sofia Karipidis, Aaron Chadwick, Kimberley J Fleming, Alan P Davey-Quinn
Few challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic strike at the very core of our humanity as the inability of family to sit at the bedside of their loved ones when battling for their lives in the ICU. Virtual visiting is one tool to help deal with this challenge. When introducing virtual visiting into our ICU, we identified 5 criteria for a sustainable system that aligned with patient-family-centered care: virtual visiting needed to (1) simulate open and flexible visiting; (2) be able to accommodate differences in family size, dynamics, and cultural practices; (3) utilize a video conferencing platform that is private and secure; (4) be easy to use and not require special teams to facilitate meetings; and (5) not increase the workload of ICU staff...
July 22, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Michelle Gunther, Corey J Witenko, Morgan Prust, David Salerno, Karen Berger
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of alcohol use disorder are at an increased risk of hematoma expansion following intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) due to the effects of alcohol on platelet aggregation. Desmopressin (DDAVP) improves platelet aggregation and may decrease hematoma expansion in patients with ICH. However, DDAVP may also increase the risk of hyponatremia and thrombotic events. Evidence is limited regarding the safety and efficacy of DDAVP in alcohol use (AU)-associated ICH...
July 21, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Olufisayo T Otusanya, S Jean Hsieh, Michelle Ng Gong, Hayley B Gershengorn
OBJECTIVES: To measure the impact of full versus partial ABCDE bundle implementation on specific cost centers and related resource utilization. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Two medical ICUs within Montefiore Health System (Bronx, NY). PATIENTS: Four hundred and seventy-two mechanically ventilated patients admitted to the medical ICUs during a hospitalization which began and ended between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2013...
July 21, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Lindsay A Ritter, Noel Britton, Emily L Heil, William A Teeter, Sarah B Murthi, Jonathan H Chow, Emily Ricotta, Daniel S Chertow, Alison Grazioli, Andrea R Levine
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are part of the treatment guidelines for COVID-19 and have been shown to improve mortality. However, the impact corticosteroids have on the development of secondary infection in COVID-19 is unknown. We sought to define the rate of secondary infection in critically ill patients with COVID-19 and determine the effect of corticosteroid use on mortality in critically ill patients with COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five critically ill patients with COVID-19 admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at the University of Maryland Medical Center were included in this single-center retrospective analysis...
July 12, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Omar Mahmoud, Deep Patadia, James Salonia
BACKGROUND: Airway Pressure Release Ventilation (APRV) is a pressure controlled intermittent mandatory mode of ventilation characterized by prolonged inspiratory time and high mean airway pressure. Several studies have demonstrated that APRV can improve oxygenation and lung recruitment in patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Although most patients with COVID-19 meet the Berlin criteria for ARDS, hypoxic respiratory failure due to COVID-19 may differ from traditional ARDS as patients often present with severe, refractory hypoxemia and significant variation in respiratory system compliance...
July 7, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Leon Naar, Majed W El Hechi, Ander Dorken Gallastegi, B Christian Renne, Jason Fawley, Jonathan J Parks, April E Mendoza, Noelle N Saillant, George C Velmahos, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Jarone Lee
BACKGROUND: There is little research evaluating outcomes from sepsis in intensive care units (ICUs) with lower sepsis patient volumes as compared to ICUs with higher sepsis patient volumes. Our objective was to compare the outcomes of septic patients admitted to ICUs with different sepsis patient volumes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all patients from the eICU-CRD database admitted for the management of sepsis with blood lactate ≥ 2mmol/L within 24 hours of admission...
July 7, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jamie Nicole LaBuzetta, Brian R Hirshman, Atul Malhotra, Robert L Owens, Biren B Kamdar
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing acute neurological injury often receive hourly neurological assessments ("neurochecks") to capture signs of deterioration. While commonly utilized in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting, little is known regarding practices (i.e., variations by age and ordering services) and patterns (i.e., duration and post-discontinuation plans) of hourly neurochecks. To inform future quality improvement intervention efforts, we performed an analysis of hourly neurochecks using an electronic health record-based dataset...
July 5, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Chansong Choi, Ryan J Lennon, Dae Hee Choi, Laura Piccolo Serafim, Alina M Allen, Patrick S Kamath, Vijay H Shah, Alice Gallo de Moraes, Douglas A Simonetto
BACKGROUND: Obesity paradox is a phenomenon in which obesity increases the risk of obesity-related chronic diseases but paradoxically is associated with improved survival among obese patients with these diagnoses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the obesity paradox among critically ill patients with cirrhosis admitted to the Intensive Care Unit. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 1,143 consecutive patients with cirrhosis admitted to the ICU between January of 2006 and December of 2015 was analyzed...
July 5, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Yuwei Qiu, Daniel I Sessler, Liang Chen, Sven Halvorson, Barak Cohen, Mauro Bravo, Ilker Ince, Kamal Maheshwari, Andrea Kurz
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative delirium is common, with a reported incidence of 11% to 80% in critically ill patients. Delirium is an independent prognostic factor for poor hospital outcomes. Low vitamin D concentrations are associated with a decline in cognitive function. We therefore tested the hypothesis that low preoperative serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations are associated with postoperative delirium in critically ill patients. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective analysis of adults in a surgical intensive care unit for at least 48 hours immediately after non-cardiac and non-neurosurgical operations at Cleveland Clinic between 2013 and 2018...
July 1, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Mark D Mamlouk, Peter Y Shen, Mark F Sedrak
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension typically manifests with orthostatic headaches and is caused by spinal dural tears, ruptured meningeal diverticula, or CSF-venous fistulas. While most patients are diagnosed and treated in the outpatient setting, some patients will occasionally present in the emergent ICU setting due to subdural hematomas, coma, or downward brain herniation. In this review paper, we will discuss the diagnostic and treatment steps that intensivists can undertake to coordinate a team approach to successfully manage these patients...
June 29, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Hui Chen, Jiangqing Xu, Xia Wang, Yaxuan Wang, Fei Tong
BACKGROUND: Early lactate-guided resuscitation was endorsed in the guidelines of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign as a key strategy to decrease the mortality of patients admitted to the ICU department with septic shock. However, its effectiveness in elderly Asian patients is uncertain. METHOD: We conducted a single-center trial to test the effectiveness of the early lactate-guided resuscitation of older Asian patients at the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University...
June 29, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Scott J Millington, Seth Koenig
Determining whether a patient in shock is in a state of fluid responsiveness (FR) has long been the Holy Grail for clinicians who care for acutely ill patients. While various tools have been put forth as solutions to this important problem, ultrasound assessment of the inferior vena cava has received particular attention of late. Dozens of studies have examined its ability to determine whether a patient should receive volume expansion, and general enthusiasm has been strengthened by the fact that it is easy to perform and non-invasive, unlike many competing FR tests...
June 25, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sadeq A Quraishi, Ishir Bhan, Michael A Matthay, Boyd T Thompson, Carlos A Camargo, Ednan K Bajwa
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a highly morbid condition that has limited therapeutic options. Optimal vitamin D status has been linked to immunological effects that may benefit critically ill patients. Therefore, we investigated whether admission 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (25OHD) are associated with clinical outcomes in ARDS patients. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a randomized, controlled trial comparing oxygenation strategies in 549 patients with ARDS (NCT00000579)...
June 24, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Alicia Lew, John M Morrison, Ernest Amankwah, Anthony A Sochet
BACKGROUND: In cases of critical asthma (CA), heliox may be applied as an adjunctive rescue therapy to avoid invasive mechanical ventilation (MV), improve deposition of aerosolized medications, and enhance laminar airflow through obstructed airways. Using the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) registry, we evaluate heliox prescribing and explored for differences in MV rates and hospital length of stay (LOS) among children with and without heliox exposure. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using PHIS data from 42 pediatric intensive care units among children 5-17 years of age admitted for CA from 2010 through 2019...
June 22, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Victor P Gazivoda, Mudathir Ibrahim, Aaron Kangas-Dick, Arony Sun, Michael Silver, Ory Wiesel
BACKGROUND: Pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax are complications which may be associated with barotrauma in mechanically ventilated patients. The current literature demonstrates unclear outcomes regarding barotrauma in critically ill patients with severe COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of barotrauma in patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia and its influence on survival. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed from March 18, 2020 to May 5, 2020, with follow-up through June 18, 2020, encompassing critically ill intubated patients admitted for COVID-19 pneumonia at an academic tertiary care hospital in Brooklyn, New York...
June 21, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Wouter M Dijkman, Niels M C van Acht, Jesse P van Akkeren, Rhasna C D Bhagwanbali, Carola van Pul
In the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, many patients were treated in hospitals using mechanical ventilation. However, due to a shortage of ICU ventilators, hospitals worldwide needed to deploy anesthesia machines for ICU ventilation (which is off-label use). A joint guidance was written to apply anesthesia machines for long-term ventilation. The goal of this research is to retrospectively evaluate the differences in measurable ventilation parameters between the ICU ventilator and the anesthesia machine as used for COVID-19 patients...
June 17, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Christopher K Hansen, Mahmoud Issa, Lakshman Balaji, Amanda Du, Anne V Grossestreuer, Michael Donnino
Accurate prediction of severity and mortality in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is important for allocation of resources. The APACHE II and SOFA scores are used to predict mortality in critically ill patients, however neither has been tested exclusively in DKA. We sought to determine if these scoring systems can accurately predict mortality in patients with DKA. This was an observational study of patients presenting to an urban tertiary care center with a diagnosis of DKA. Adult patients (age ≥ 18 years) with glucose > 250 mg/dL, bicarbonate ≤ 20 mEg/L, an anion gap ≥ 16 mEg/L, pH ≤ 7...
June 11, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Merry Huang, Aaron Shoskes, Migdady Ibrahim, Moein Amin, Leen Hasan, Carrie Price, Ken Uchino, Chun Woo Choi, Adrian V Hernandez, Sung-Min Cho
PURPOSE: Targeted temperature management (TTM) is a standard of care in patients after cardiac arrest for neuroprotection. Currently, the effectiveness and efficacy of TTM after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is unknown. We aimed to compare neurological and survival outcomes between TTM vs non-TTM in patients undergoing ECPR for refractory cardiac arrest. METHODS: We searched PubMed and 5 other databases for randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting neurological outcomes or survival in adult patients undergoing ECPR with or without TTM...
June 11, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sang-Min Kim, Sang-Il Kim, Gina Yu, June-Sung Kim, Seok In Hong, Won Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite thrombocytopenia, patients with sepsis often experience hypercoagulability. However, limited information is available on the prevalence and effect of hypercoagulability in patients with sepsis-induced thrombocytopenia. Hence, we evaluated the prevalence of hypercoagulability and the association between hypercoagulability and clinical outcomes in septic shock patients with thrombocytopenia. METHODS: Thromboelastography (TEG) was performed prospectively in 1294 patients with septic shock at the emergency department (ED) between January 2016 and December 2019...
June 9, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Pedro David Wendel Garcia, Daniel Andrea Hofmaenner, Silvio D Brugger, Claudio T Acevedo, Jan Bartussek, Giovanni Camen, Patrick Raphael Bader, Gregor Bruellmann, Johannes Kattner, Christoph Ganter, Reto Andreas Schuepbach, Philipp Karl Buehler
BACKGROUND: Lung-protective ventilation is key in bridging patients suffering from COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to recovery. However, resource and personnel limitations during pandemics complicate the implementation of lung-protective protocols. Automated ventilation modes may prove decisive in these settings enabling higher degrees of lung-protective ventilation than conventional modes. METHOD: Prospective study at a Swiss university hospital...
June 8, 2021: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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