Susan Kartiko, Naoru Koizumi, David Yamane, Babak Sarani, Abu B Siddique, Andrea R Levine, Amanda M Jackson, Patrick M Wieruszewski, Nathan J Smischney, Ashish K Khanna, Jonathan H Chow
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with a prothrombotic state; leading to multiple sequelae. We sought to detect whether thromboelastography (TEG) parameters would be able to detect thromboembolic events in patients hospitalized with COVID-19. METHODS: We performed a retrospective multicenter case-control study of the Collaborative Research to Understand the Sequelae of Harm in COVID (CRUSH COVID) registry of 8 tertiary care level hospitals in the United States (US)...
November 29, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jordan Hatfield, Tetsu Ohnuma, Alexandria L Soto, Jordan M Komisarow, Monica S Vavilala, Daniel T Laskowitz, Michael L James, Joseph P Mathew, Adrian F Hernandez, Benjamin A Goldstein, Miriam Treggiari, Karthik Raghunathan, Vijay Krishnamoorthy
Objectives: Describe contemporary ECMO utilization patterns among patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and examine clinical outcomes among TBI patients requiring ECMO. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Premier Healthcare Database (PHD) between January 2016 to June 2020. Subjects: Adult patients with TBI who were mechanically ventilated and stratified by exposure to ECMO. Results: Among patients exposed to ECMO, we examined the following clinical outcomes: hospital LOS, ICU LOS, duration of mechanical ventilation, and hospital mortality...
November 29, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Omid Azimaraghi, Vance Smith, William J Sauer, Jonathan E Alpert, Matthias Eikermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Niall T Prendergast, Chukwudi A Onyemekwu, Kelly M Potter, Perry J Tiberio, Alison E Turnbull, Timothy D Girard
Importance: Agitation is common in mechanically ventilated ICU patients, but little is known about physician attitudes regarding agitation in this setting. Objectives: To characterize physician attitudes regarding agitation in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: We surveyed critical care physicians within a multicenter health system in Western Pennsylvania, assessing attitudes regarding agitation during mechanical ventilation and use of and confidence in agitation management options...
October 26, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Wei Qi, Terrence E Murphy, Margaret M Doyle, Lauren E Ferrante
PURPOSE: Hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonias (HAP and VAP) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Immobility is a risk factor for developing ICU-acquired weakness (ICUAW). Early mobilization is associated with improved physical function, but its association with hospital-acquired (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonias (VAP) is unknown. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between daily average of highest level of mobility achieved during physical therapy (PT) and incidence of HAP or VAP among critically ill patients...
October 22, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kristina E Fuest, Hugo Lanz, Jana Schulz, Bernhard Ulm, Victoria A Bennett, Julius J Grunow, Björn Weiss, Manfred Blobner, Stefan J Schaller
BACKGROUND: Muscle ultrasound represents a promising approach to aid diagnoses of neuromuscular diseases in critically ill patients. Unfortunately, standardization of ultrasound measurements in clinical research is lacking, making direct comparisons between studies difficult. Protocols are required to assess qualitative muscle changes during an ICU stay in patients at high risk for the development of neuromuscular acquired weakness (ICUAW). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational analysis comprised of three prospective observational studies with the aim of diagnosing muscle changes by ultrasound measurement of the quadriceps muscle...
October 13, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Mehmet Yildirim, Burcin Halacli, Deniz Yuce, Yunus Gunegul, Ebru Ortac Ersoy, Arzu Topeli
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the relation between admission COVID-19 associated hyperinflammatory syndrome (cHIS) score and intensive care unit (ICU) outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 admitted to our ICU between 20th March 2020-15th June 2021 were included. Patients who received immunomodulatory treatment except corticosteroids were excluded. Main outcomes were ICU mortality and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) requirement after ICU admission...
October 10, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Mohinder R Vindhyal, Rhythm Vasudeva, Suveenkrishna Pothuru, K James Kallail, Won Choi, Elizabeth Ablah, Eric Hockstad, Zubair Shah, Kamal Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common arrhythmias among hospitalized patients. Among patients admitted with septic shock (SS), the new occurrence of atrial fibrillation has been associated with an increase in intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and in-hospital mortality. This is partially related to further reduction in cardiac output and thus worsening organ perfusion due to atrial fibrillation. However, there is a paucity of research on the outcomes of patients who have underlying chronic AF (UCAF) and then develop SS...
October 7, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Anabelle N Taveras, Lisa M Clayton, Joshua J Solano, Patrick G Hughes, Richard D Shih, Scott M Alter
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to the hospital floor (non-intensive care (ICU) settings) from the emergency department (ED) are generally stable. Unfortunately, some will unexpectedly decompensate rapidly. This study explores these patients and their characteristics. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study examined patients admitted to non-ICU settings at a community hospital. Patients were identified by rapid response team (RRT) activation, triggered by acute decompensation...
September 28, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Tülay Çevlik, Özlem Kaya, Fethi Gül, Rana Turkal, Nevsun İnanç, Haner Direskeneli, Arzu İlki, Önder Şirikçi, Goncagül Haklar, İsmail Cinel
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis, defined as an increase of 2 points or more in the sequential organ failure assessment score, is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by the dysregulated host response to infection. Volume-conductivity-scatter (VCS) parameters of cell counters which are known as cell population data (CPD) have been suggested to be beneficial in diagnosing sepsis. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of CPD parameters in sepsis in comparison to nonsystemic infection cases (NSI) and non-infectious acute and chronic inflammatory conditions...
September 22, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Michelle S Rausen, Thomas A Nahass, Neil A Halpern
A novel remote ventilator management (control) technology (Omnitool) was implemented for use with ICU patients during the COVID-19 pandemic to mitigate in-person respiratory therapist interactions and preserve personal protective equipment. In the latter half of 2020, eight mechanical ventilators were purchased and enabled for Omnitool deployment through the application of a vendor software option. Subsequently, these ventilators were outfitted with commercially available informatics hardware that permitted remote communication and management via the existing hospital network...
September 21, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Leanne M Boehm, Valerie Danesh, Marianna LaNoue, Ricardo J Trochez, Abigail C Jones, Christine C Kimpel, Carla M Sevin
Background: Intensive Care Unit recovery clinics (ICU-RC), are multidisciplinary outpatient clinics designed to identify and treat post-intensive care syndrome impairments unique to each survivor of critical illness. Engagement is limited, thus we aimed to describe patient- and hospitalization-related sociodemographic factors associated with scheduling and attending in-person ICU-RC visits. Design: Consecutive case series of prospectively collected ICU-RC referral data. Setting: Data was collected over a 9-year period (2012-2020) for patients referred to an ICU-RC from ICUs at an academic medical center in the southeast United States...
September 21, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Yota Suzuki, Rui-Min D Mao, Nikhil R Shah, Lawrence Schaeffer, Abe Deanda, Ravi S Radhakrishnan
Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is widely utilized for severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency, but its application to the oncologic population has been debated given concern for increased risk of infection. This study aims to analyze the implications of infections acquired during ECMO runs in patients with malignancy. Methods: The Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) database was queried for patients with an International Classification of Diseases code of neoplasms over the last two decades (2000-2019)...
September 21, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ghazi Rizvi, Bridget Marcinkowski, Nandan Srinivasa, Alex Jett, Ivy Benjenk, Danielle Davison, David Yamane
BACKGROUND: Thromboelastography (TEG) can guide transfusion therapy in trauma and has been associated with decreased transfusion requirements. This population differs from the medical population where the most common bleeding source is gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIB). The utility of TEG in patients with acute GIB is not well described. We sought to assess whether the use of TEG impacts blood product utilization in patients with medical GIB. METHODS: A retrospective study looking at all adult patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of GIB to the George Washington University Intensive Care Unit (ICU) between 01/01/2017 to 12/31/2019...
September 15, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Eran Shostak, Yelena Tzeitlin, Tzippy Shochat, Ovadia Dagan, Ofer Schiller
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound (US)-guided durable tunneled femoral central venous catheters (TF-CVCs) are a safe central venous access option in infants and neonates. Studies have shown, however, that femoral central venous access has the potential for high central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates with a significant increase in risk for line-related thrombosis. Our aims were to describe the bedside insertion technique and evaluate the safety and complication rates of TF-CVCs in high-risk, young, pediatric cardiac intensive-care unit (PCICU) population...
September 7, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Katherine V Biagas, Julia A Heneghan, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Andrew S Geneslaw, Aline B Maddux, Neethi P Pinto, Sarah A Murphy, Steven L Shein, Michael T Cronin
OBJECTIVES: To map the literature regarding assessment of neurocognitive outcomes in PICU survivors. Secondary objectives were to identify literature gaps and to provide data for development of a Core Outcome Measures Set in the domain. METHODS: Planned, a priori analysis was performed of data from an over-all scoping review of Post-Intensive Care Syndrome-pediatrics (PICS-p) functional outcomes. English-language databases and registries from 1970 to 2017 were searched by a medical librarian to identify manuscripts reporting on Post Intensive Care Syndrome-pediatrics (PICS-p)...
September 7, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Yao Zhu, Zonglin He, Ya Jin, Sui Zhu, Weipeng Xu, Bingxiao Li, Chuan Nie, Guosheng Liu, Jun Lyu, Shasha Han
PURPOSE: Sepsis is a significant threat in the intensive care unit (ICU) worldwide because it has high morbidity and mortality rates. Early recognition and diagnosis of sepsis are essential for the prevention of adverse outcomes. The present study aimed to quantitatively assess the association between serum anion gap (AG) levels and 30- and 90-day all-cause mortality among sepsis patients. METHODS: Clinical data of patients diagnosed with sepsis were extracted from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC III) database...
September 6, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Philip T H Dela Cruz, Danielle Davison, David P Yamane, Everett Chu, Michael Seneff
OBJECTIVE: Endotoxin is a component of Gram-negative bacteria and can be measured in blood using the endotoxin activity assay (EAA). Endotoxin exposure initiates an inflammatory cascade that may contribute to organ dysfunction. Endotoxemia has been reported in previous viral pandemics and we investigated the extent of endotoxemia and its relationship to outcomes in critically ill patients with COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a Prospective Cohort Study of 96 critically-ill COVID-19 patients admitted to the George Washington University Hospital ICU from 25 Mar-6 Jun 2020...
September 6, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Seth R Bauer, Gretchen L Sacha, Matthew T Siuba, Lu Wang, Xiaofeng Wang, Rachel G Scheraga, Vidula Vachharajani
BACKGROUND: In septic shock, vasopressors aim to improve tissue perfusion and prevent persistent organ dysfunction, a characteristic of chronic critical illness (CCI). Adjunctive vasopressin is often used to decrease catecholamine dosage, but the association of vasopressin response with subsequent patient outcomes is unclear. We hypothesized vasopressin response is associated with favorable clinical trajectory. METHODS: We included patients with septic shock receiving vasopressin as a catecholamine adjunct in this retrospective cohort study...
September 4, 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Okan Bardakci, Murat Daş, Gökhan Akdur, Canan Akman, Duygu Siddikoğlu, Güven Şimşek, Feyyaz Kaya, Ünzile Atalay, M Taha Topal, Fatma Beyazit, Ece Ünal Çetin, Okhan Akdur, Yavuz Beyazit
Introduction: The appraisal of disease severity and prediction of adverse outcomes using risk stratification tools at early disease stages is crucial to diminish mortality from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). While lung ultrasound (LUS) as an imaging technique for the diagnosis of lung diseases has recently gained a leading position, data demonstrating that it can predict adverse outcomes related to COVID-19 is scarce. The main aim of this study is therefore to assess the clinical significance of bedside LUS in COVID-19 patients who presented to the emergency department (ED)...
December 2022: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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