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Rheumatology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31539065/a-patient-with-predominant-interstitial-nephritis-as-a-renal-manifestation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#1
Balazs Odler, Marion J Pollheimer, Alexander H Kirsch, Florentine Moazedi-Fuerst, Alexander R Rosenkranz, Kathrin Eller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31539063/how-do-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-experience-currently-provided-healthcare-and-how-should-we-measure-its-quality
#2
Julia Spierings, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Rita M Schriemer, Hein J Bernelot Moens, Egon A van der Bijl, Femke Bonte-Mineur, Marieke P D de Buck, Meeke A E de Kanter, Hanneke K A Knaapen-Hans, Jacob M van Laar, Udo D J Mulder, Judith Potjewijd, Lian A J de Pundert, Thea H M Schoonbrood, Anne A Schouffoer, Alja J Stel, Ward Vercoutere, Alexandre E Voskuyl, Jeska K de Vries-Bouwstra, Madelon C Vonk
OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into SSc patients' perspective on quality of care and to survey their preferred quality indicators. METHODS: An online questionnaire about healthcare setting, perceived quality of care (CQ index) and quality indicators, was sent to 2093 patients from 13 Dutch hospitals. RESULTS: Six hundred and fifty patients (mean age 59 years, 75% women, 32% limited cutaneous SSc, 20% diffuse cutaneous SSc) completed the questionnaire...
September 20, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31539061/impact-of-adding-tacrolimus-to-initial-treatment-of-interstitial-pneumonitis-in-polymyositis-dermatomyositis-a-single-arm-clinical-trial
#3
Kazuki Takada, Yoshinori Katada, Satoshi Ito, Taichi Hayashi, Jun Kishi, Kenji Itoh, Hiroyuki Yamashita, Michito Hirakata, Kimito Kawahata, Atsushi Kawakami, Norihiko Watanabe, Tatsuya Atsumi, Yoshinari Takasaki, Nobuyuki Miyasaka
OBJECTIVE: Interstitial pneumonia is common and has high short-term mortality in patients with PM and DM despite glucocorticoid (GC) treatment. Retrospective studies suggested that the early use of immunosuppressive drugs with GCs might improve its short-term mortality. METHODS: A multicentre, single-arm, 52-week-long clinical trial was performed to test whether the initial combination treatment with tacrolimus (0.075 mg/kg/day, adjusted for the target whole-blood trough levels between 5 and 10 ng/ml) and GCs (0...
September 20, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31535693/incorporating-natural-language-processing-to-improve-classification-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-using-electronic-health-records
#4
Sizheng Steven Zhao, Chuan Hong, Tianrun Cai, Chang Xu, Jie Huang, Joerg Ermann, Nicola J Goodson, Daniel H Solomon, Tianxi Cai, Katherine P Liao
OBJECTIVES: To develop classification algorithms that accurately identify axial SpA (axSpA) patients in electronic health records, and compare the performance of algorithms incorporating free-text data against approaches using only International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes. METHODS: An enriched cohort of 7853 eligible patients was created from electronic health records of two large hospitals using automated searches (⩾1 ICD codes combined with simple text searches)...
September 19, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31535692/trends-of-venous-thromboembolism-risk-before-and-after-diagnosis-of-gout-a-general-population-based-study
#5
Lingyi Li, Natalie McCormick, Eric C Sayre, John M Esdaile, Diane Lacaille, Hui Xie, Hyon K Choi, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the overall risk and the temporal trend of venous thromboembolism (VTE), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE) before and after gout diagnosis in an incident gout cohort compared with the general population. METHODS: We conducted a matched cohort study using a province-wide population-based administrative health database in Canada. We calculated incidence rates (IRs) and multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for the risk of VTE, DVT and PE before and after gout diagnosis...
September 19, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31535691/self-reported-painful-joint-count-and-assessor-reported-tender-joint-count-as-instruments-to-assess-pain-in-hand-osteoarthritis
#6
Féline P B Kroon, Wendy Damman, Johan L van der Plas, Sjoerd van Beest, Frits R Rosendaal, Désirée van der Heijde, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate self-reported and assessor-reported joint counts for pain and their value in measuring pain and joint activity in hand OA patients. METHODS: A total of 524 patients marked painful joints on hand diagrams. Nurses assessed tenderness upon palpation. Pain was measured with a visual analogue scale pain and the Australian/Canadian hand OA index subscale pain. Synovitis and bone marrow lesions in right hand distal/proximal interphalangeal joints on MRI served as measure of joint activity...
September 19, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31535689/association-between-immunosuppressive-therapy-and-course-of-mild-interstitial-lung-disease-in-systemic-sclerosis
#7
Sabrina Hoa, Sasha Bernatsky, Russell J Steele, Murray Baron, Marie Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a leading cause of mortality in SSc. Little is known about the benefits of immunosuppressive drugs in mild ILD. Our aim was to determine whether use of CYC or MMF was associated with an improved ILD course in patients with normal or mildly impaired lung function. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of SSc subjects with ILD, disease duration below seven years and no exposure to CYC or MMF prior to the baseline visit was constructed from the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group registry...
September 19, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31529103/treatment-of-resistant-raynaud-s-phenomenon-with-single-port-thoracoscopic-sympathicotomy-a-novel-minimally-invasive-endoscopic-technique
#8
Anniek M van Roon, Michiel Kuijpers, Saskia C van de Zande, Amaal Eman Abdulle, Arie M van Roon, Reinhard Bos, Wobbe Bouma, Theo J Klinkenberg, Hendrika Bootsma, Mike J L DeJongste, Massimo A Mariani, Andries J Smit, Douwe J Mulder
OBJECTIVE: To assess the minimally invasive single-port thoracoscopic sympathicotomy feasibility and efficacy in patients with treatment-resistant RP. METHODS: Single-port thoracoscopic sympathicotomy was performed unilaterally on the left side in eight patients with RP (six males, two females, with a median age of 45.2 years). Five patients had primary and three had secondary RP. Perfusion effects in the hands were assessed at baseline and after 1 month by using a cooling and recovery procedure, and by using laser speckle contrast analysis...
September 16, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31529073/sensitivity-of-temporal-artery-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-giant-cell-arteritis-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Emma Rubenstein, Carla Maldini, Solange Gonzalez-Chiappe, Sylvie Chevret, Alfred Mahr
OBJECTIVES: Temporal artery biopsy (TAB) is a reference test for the diagnosis of GCA but reveals inflammatory changes only in a subset of patients. The lack of knowledge of TAB sensitivity hampers comparisons with non-invasive techniques such as temporal artery ultrasonography. We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to estimate the sensitivity of TAB in GCA and to identify factors that may influence the estimate. METHODS: A systematic literature review involved searching electronic databases and cross-references...
September 14, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31518431/high-rate-of-indeterminate-results-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-third-generation-in-patients-with-systemic-vasculitis
#10
Stella Rousset, Emmanuel Treiner, Guillaume Moulis, Grégory Pugnet, Léonardo Astudillo, Kim Paricaud, Bénédicte Puissant-Lubrano, Philippe Arlet, Antoine Blancher, Laurent Sailler
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency of QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube test® (QFT-GIT) indeterminate results due to no response to phytohaemagglutinin A stimulation in the control tube in vasculitis patients prior to immunosuppressant therapy; and to compare it with other groups of patients. METHODS: This was a single-centre, retrospective study. Patients and controls were included between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2015. We assessed the rate of indeterminate results of the QFT-GIT in 38 patients with systemic vasculitis prior to any corticosteroid or immunosuppressant therapy, compared with 40 non-vasculitis patients with biological inflammatory syndrome, and 310 non-immunosuppressed patients matched for gender and age...
September 13, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31518426/the-effect-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-on-radiographic-progression-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Nadine Boers, Celia A J Michielsens, Désirée van der Heijde, Alfons A den Broeder, Paco M J Welsing
The effect of TNF-α inhibitors (TNFi), with or without concomitant NSAIDs, on radiographic progression in axial SpA remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a systematic literature review up to January 2019 to determine whether longer use of standard dose TNFi is superior vs lower duration or lower dose TNFi therapy, conventional synthetic DMARDs alone, or no therapy in inhibiting radiographic progression in patients with axial SpA. Our search yielded 373 titles of which 14 full text articles and five abstracts were eligible for quantitative analysis...
September 13, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31518423/the-role-of-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-treat-to-target-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#12
Peter Mandl, Daniel Aletaha
The treat-to-target (T2T) approach has revolutionized the way we treat patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. Recent attention has focused on imaging techniques, in particular musculoskeletal ultrasound and MRI as a focus for T2T strategies. Recently, a number of randomized clinical trials have been performed that compared tight clinical control vs control augmented by imaging techniques. While the three published trials have concluded that imaging does not add to tight clinical care, implementing imaging into the T2T strategy has actual advantages, such as the detection of subclinical involvement, and information on joint involvement/pathology and may possess potential advantages as evidenced by certain secondary endpoints...
September 13, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31511884/glucocorticoids-and-steroid-sparing-medications-monotherapies-or-in-combination-for-igg4-rd-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#13
Dina Omar, Yu Chen, Ye Cong, Lingli Dong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of glucocorticoids (GCs), immunosuppressive agents (IM) and rituximab (RTX), alone or in combination, for the treatment of IgG4-RD. METHODS: Relevant articles published were searched in the databases with relevant key words. Network meta-analysis was conducted, with various outcomes including relapse rate, remission rate and adverse events. Data were calculated with odds ratio (ORs) and 95% CI. P-score was used to rank the treatments...
September 11, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31501866/haematological-abnormalities-in-new-onset-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-risk-of-common-infections-a-population-based-study
#14
Elena Nikiphorou, Simon de Lusignan, Christian Mallen, Kaivan Khavandi, Jacqueline Roberts, Christopher D Buckley, James Galloway, Karim Raza
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of haematological abnormalities in individuals with RA at the point of diagnosis in primary care and the associations between haematological abnormalities, vaccinations and subsequent risk of common infections. METHODS: We studied 6591 individuals with newly diagnosed RA between 2004 and 2016 inclusive using the UK Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre primary care database. The prevalence of haematological abnormalities at diagnosis (anaemia, neutropenia and lymphopenia) was established...
September 9, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31497857/the-rheumatoid-synovial-environment-alters-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-human-monocytes-and-enhances-ccl20-secretion
#15
Lewis C Rodgers, John Cole, Kevin M Rattigan, Michael P Barrett, Nisha Kurian, Iain B McInnes, Carl S Goodyear
OBJECTIVES: Fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and glycolysis have been implicated in immune regulation and activation of macrophages. However, investigation of human monocyte intracellular metabolism in the context of the hypoxic and inflammatory rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium is lacking. We hypothesized that exposure of monocytes to the hypoxic and inflammatory RA environment would have a profound impact on their metabolic state, and potential to contribute to disease pathology. METHODS: Human monocytes were isolated from buffy coats and exposed to hypoxia...
September 8, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31497847/why-is-the-frequency-of-uveitis-low-in-turkish-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#16
Mustafa Çakan, Nuray Aktay Ayaz, Şerife Gül Karadağ, Dilbade Yıldız Ekinci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31497844/unique-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patient-subsets-defined-by-molecular-features
#17
Judith A James, Joel M Guthridge, Hua Chen, Rufei Lu, Rebecka L Bourn, Krista Bean, Melissa E Munroe, Miles Smith, Eliza Chakravarty, Alan N Baer, Ghaith Noaiseh, Ann Parke, Karen Boyle, Lynette Keyes-Elstein, Andreea Coca, Tammy Utset, Mark C Genovese, Virginia Pascual, Paul J Utz, V Michael Holers, Kevin D Deane, Kathy L Sivils, Teresa Aberle, Daniel J Wallace, James McNamara, Nathalie Franchimont, E William St Clair
OBJECTIVE: To address heterogeneity complicating primary SS (pSS) clinical trials, research and care by characterizing and clustering patients by their molecular phenotypes. METHODS: pSS patients met American-European Consensus Group classification criteria and had at least one systemic manifestation and stimulated salivary flow of ⩾0.1 ml/min. Correlated transcriptional modules were derived from gene expression microarray data from blood (n = 47 with appropriate samples)...
September 8, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31497843/ebv-positive-mucocutaneous-ulcer-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Clarice Gabardo Ritter, Camila de David Cruz, Sheron Zamboni, Vanessa Barrili Busato, Romulo Gomes da Silveira, Valentina Oliveira Provenzi, Markus Bredemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31504985/the-performance-of-dual-energy-ct-in-the-classification-criteria-of-gout-a-prospective-study-in-subjects-with-unclassified-arthritis
#19
Mihaela Gamala, Johannes W G Jacobs, Suzanne F Linn-Rasker, Maarten Nix, Ben G F Heggelman, Pieternel C M Pasker-de Jong, Jaap M van Laar, Ruth Klaasen
OBJECTIVE: To establish the performance of (subsets of) the 2015 ACR/EULAR gout classification criteria in patients with unclassified arthritis, and to determine the value of dual-energy CT (DECT) herein. Reference was the MSU crystal detection result in SF at polarization microscopy. METHODS: We included subjects with acute, unclassified mono or oligoarthritis, who underwent SF analysis and DECT. Performance was assessed by calculating area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of (i) the clinical criteria subset, (ii) the clinical+serum urate subset and (iii) the full set (including DECT)...
September 5, 2019: Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31504968/biomarkers-for-disease-flare-in-patients-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease-undergoing-treatment-with-tocilizumab
#20
Hiroki Yamada, Yuko Kaneko, Hiroya Tamai, Tsutomu Takeuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2019: Rheumatology
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