Read by QxMD icon Read

Interleukin-32 plays an essential role in human calcified aortic valve cells

Chung-Lin Tsai, Ying-Ming Chiu, Yi-Ju Lee, Chin-Tung Hsieh, Dong-Chen Shieh, Gregory J Tsay, Da-Tian Bau, Yi-Ying Wu
European Cytokine Network 2018 March 1, 29 (1): 36-47
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is an inflammatory cytokine produced mainly by T, natural killer, and epithelial cells. Previous studies on IL-32 have primarily investigated its proinflammatory properties. The IL-32 also has been described as an activator of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and NF-κB, and induces several cytokines. In this study, we hypothesized that the inflammatory regulators NF-κB, MAP kinase, STAT1, and STAT3 are associated with the expression of the IL-32 protein in human calcified aortic valve cells. This study comprised aortic valve sclerotic patients and control group patients without calcified aortic valve. Increased IL-32 expression in calcified aortic valvular tissue was shown by immunohistochemical staining and western blotting. There was an increase in NF-κB p65 level, p-ERK, p-JNK, and p-p38 MAPK activation underlying IL-32 expression in the study. The level of p-STAT3 but not p-STAT1 was found to be increased in calcified aortic valve tissue. In cultured primary human aortic valve interstitial cells, inhibition of NF-κB or MAPK kinase pathways results in a decrease of IL-32 expression. Treatment of recombinant IL-32 induced the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-8. Our findings demonstrate that IL-32 may be an important pro-inflammatory molecule involved in calcific aortic valve disease.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"