JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Effects of an Antioxidant-enriched Multivitamin in Cystic Fibrosis. A Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter Clinical Trial.

RATIONALE: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by dietary antioxidant deficiencies, which may contribute to an oxidant-antioxidant imbalance and oxidative stress.

OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the effects of an oral antioxidant-enriched multivitamin supplement on antioxidant concentrations, markers of inflammation and oxidative stress, and clinical outcomes.

METHODS: In this investigator-initiated, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, 73 pancreatic-insufficient subjects with CF 10 years of age and older with an FEV1 between 40% and 100% predicted were randomized to 16 weeks of an antioxidant-enriched multivitamin or control multivitamin without antioxidant enrichment. Endpoints included systemic antioxidant concentrations, markers of inflammation and oxidative stress, clinical outcomes (pulmonary exacerbations, anthropometric measures, pulmonary function), safety, and tolerability.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Change in sputum myeloperoxidase concentration over 16 weeks, the primary efficacy endpoint, was not significantly different between the treated and control groups. Systemic antioxidant (β-carotene, coenzyme Q10, γ-tocopherol, and lutein) concentrations significantly increased in the antioxidant-treated group (P < 0.001 for each), whereas circulating calprotectin and myeloperoxidase decreased in the treated group compared with the control group at Week 4. The treated group had a lower risk of first pulmonary exacerbation requiring antibiotics than the control group (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.50; P = 0.04). Lung function and growth endpoints did not differ between groups. Adverse events and tolerability were similar between groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Antioxidant supplementation was safe and well tolerated, resulting in increased systemic antioxidant concentrations and modest reductions in systemic inflammation after 4 weeks. Antioxidant treatment was also associated with a lower risk of first pulmonary exacerbation. Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01859390).

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app