journal
Journals American Journal of Respirator...

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

https://read.qxmd.com/read/34283704/magnetic-resonance-imaging-detects-progression-of-lung-disease-and-impact-of-newborn-screening-in-preschool-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#1
Mirjam Stahl, Eva Steinke, Simon Y Graeber, Cornelia Joachim, Christoph Seitz, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Monika Eichinger, Susanne Hämmerling, Olaf Sommerburg, Mark O Wielpütz, Marcus A Mall
RATIONALE: Previous cross-sectional studies demonstrated that chest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is sensitive to detect early lung disease in infants and preschool children with cystic fibrosis (CF) without radiation exposure. However, the ability of MRI to detect progression of lung disease and the impact of early diagnosis in preschool children with CF remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential of MRI to detect progression of early lung disease and impact of early diagnosis by CF newborn screening (NBS) in preschool children with CF...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34283694/association-between-initiation-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-and-rehospitalizations-in-patients-hospitalized-with-copd
#2
Mihaela S Stefan, Penelope S Pekow, Aruna Priya, Richard ZuWallack, Kerry A Spitzer, Tara C Lagu, Quinn R Pack, Victor M Pinto-Plata, Kathleen M Mazor, Peter K Lindenauer
RATIONALE: Althoughl clinical trials have found that pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) can reduce the risk of readmissions following hospitalization for a COPD exacerbation, less is known about PR's impact in routine clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between initiation of PR within 90 days of discharge and rehospitalization(s). METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of Medicare beneficiaries (≥ 66 years) hospitalized for COPD in 2014 who survived at least 30 days following discharge...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34283685/high-in-hospital-mortality-in-covid-patients-receiving-ecmo-in-germany-a-critical-analysis
#3
Christian Karagiannidis, Stephan Strassmann, Michaela Merten, Thomas Bein, Wolfram Windisch, Patrick Meybohm, Steffen Weber-Carstens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34280322/dna-methylome-alterations-are-associated-with-airway-macrophage-differentiation-and-phenotype-during-lung-fibrosis
#4
Peter McErlean, Christopher G Bell, Richard J Hewitt, Zabreen Busharat, Patricia P Ogger, Poonam Ghai, Gesa J Albers, Emily Calamita, Shaun Kingston, Philip L Molyneaux, Stephan Beck, Clare M Lloyd, Toby M Maher, Adam J Byrne
RATIONALE: Airway macrophages (AMs) are key regulators of the lung environment and are implicated in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a fatal respiratory disease with no cure. However, knowledge of epigenetics of AMs in IPF are limited. METHODS: We undertook DNA methylation profiling using Illumina EPIC (850k) arrays in sorted AMs from Healthy (n=14) and IPF (n=30) donors. Cell-type deconvolution was performed using reference myeloid-cell DNA methylomes...
July 19, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34280315/determinants-of-adolescent-lung-function-in-indians-race-nutrition-and-systemic-inflammation
#5
Mohit Aggarwal, Anubhuti Bansal, Bapu Koundinya Desiraju, Shailendra Singh, Anurag Agrawal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34265234/the-impact-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-on-exacerbations-and-symptoms-in-bronchiectasis-a-prospective-study
#6
Megan L Crichton, Amelia Shoemark, James D Chalmers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34265233/dysanapsis-and-the-spirometric-response-to-inhaled-bronchodilator
#7
Motahareh Vameghestahbanati, Miranda Kirby, François Maltais, Dennis Jensen, Dany Doiron, Wan C Tan, Jean Bourbeau, Benjamin M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34265230/the-effect-of-epinephrine-dosing-intervals-on-outcomes-from-pediatric-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#8
Martha F Kienzle, Ryan W Morgan, Jennifer A Faerber, Kathryn Graham, Hannah Katcoff, William P Landis, Alexis A Topjian, Todd J Kilbaugh, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert A Berg, Robert M Sutton
RATIONALE: Animal studies of cardiac arrest suggest shorter epinephrine dosing intervals than currently recommended (every 3-5 minutes) may be beneficial in select circumstances. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between epinephrine dosing intervals and pediatric cardiac arrest outcomes. METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study of children (<18 years of age) who received ≥1 minute of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and ≥2 doses of epinephrine for an index in-hospital cardiac arrest...
July 15, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34256007/innate-like-gene-expression-of-lung-resident-memory-cd8-t-cells-during-experimental-human-influenza-a-clinical-study
#9
Suzanna Paterson, Satwik Kar, Seng Kuong Ung, Zoe Gardener, Emma Bergstrom, Stephanie Ascough, Mohini Kalyan, Joanna Zyla, Jeroen Maertzdorf, Hans-Joachim Mollenkopf, January Weiner, Agnieszka Jozwik, Hannah Jarvis, Akhilesh Jha, Bradly P Nicholson, Timothy Veldman, Chris W Woods, Patrick Mallia, Onn Min Kon, Stefan He Kaufmann, Peter J Openshaw, Christopher Chiu
RATIONALE: Suboptimal vaccine immunogenicity and antigenic mismatch, compounded by poor uptake, means that influenza remains a major global disease. T-cells recognising peptides derived from conserved viral proteins could enhance vaccine-induced cross-strain protection. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the kinetics, phenotypes and function of influenza virus-specific CD8+ resident-memory T-cells (Trm) in the lower airway and infer the molecular pathways associated with their response to infection in vivo...
July 13, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34255974/shear-wave-elastography-a-new-tool-for-diaphragmatic-qualitative-assessment-a-translational-study
#10
Yassir Aarab, Aurelien Flatres, Fanny Garnier, Mathieu Capdevila, Fabrice Raynaud, Alain Lacampagne, David Chapeau, Kada Klouche, Pascal Etienne, Samir Jaber, Nicolas Molinari, Lucie Gamon, Stefan Matecki, Boris Jung
RATIONALE: Prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) is often associated either with a decrease (known atrophy) or an increase (supposed injury) in diaphragmatic thickness. Shear wave elastography is a non-invasive technique that measures shear modulus, a surrogate of tissue stiffness and mechanical properties. OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in shear modulus (SM) during the ICU stay and the relationship with alterations in muscle thickness. To perform a comprehensive ultrasound-based characterization of histological and force production changes occurring in the diaphragm...
July 13, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34252012/air-pollution-genetic-factors-and-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-a-prospective-study-in-the-uk-biobank
#11
Yanqian Huang, Meng Zhu, Mengmeng Ji, Jingyi Fan, Junxing Xie, Xiaoxia Wei, Xiangxiang Jiang, Jing Xu, Liang Chen, Rong Yin, Yuzhuo Wang, Juncheng Dai, Guangfu Jin, Lin Xu, Zhibin Hu, Hongxia Ma, Hongbing Shen
Rationale: Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to lung cancer, but the degree to which air pollution modifies the impact of genetic susceptibility on lung cancer remains unknown. Objectives: To investigate whether air pollution and genetic factors jointly contribute to incident lung cancer. Methods: We analyzed data from 455,974 participants (53% women) without previous cancer at baseline in the UK Biobank. The concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5 , PMcoarse and PM10 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ), and nitrogen oxides (NOx ) were estimated by land-use regression models, and the association between air pollutants and incident lung cancer was investigated using a Cox proportional hazard model...
July 12, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34252009/addition-of-5-co2-to-inspiratory-gas-prevents-lung-injury-in-an-experimental-model-of-pulmonary-artery-ligation
#12
Ines Marongiu, Elena Spinelli, Eleonora Scotti, Alessandra Mazzucco, Yu-Mei Wang, Leonardo Manesso, Giulia Colussi, Osvaldo Biancolilli, Michele Battistin, Thomas Langer, Francesca Roma, Gianluca Lopez, Caterina Lonati, Valentina Vaira, Lorenzo Rosso, Stefano Ferrero, Stefano Gatti, Alberto Zanella, Antonio Pesenti, Tommaso Mauri
RATIONALE: Unilateral ligation of the pulmonary artery may induce lung injury through multiple mechanisms, which might be dampened by inhaled CO2. OBJECTIVES: To characterize bilateral lung injury due to unilateral ligation of pulmonary artery in healthy swine undergoing controlled mechanical ventilation and its prevention by 5% CO2 inhalation. To investigate relevant pathophysiological mechanisms. METHODS: Sixteen healthy pigs were allocated to surgical ligation of the left pulmonary artery (Ligation group), 7 to surgical ligation of the left pulmonary artery and inhalation of 5% CO2 (Ligation + FiCO2 5%), and 6 to no intervention (No Ligation)...
July 12, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34242143/rodin-s-thinker-an-alternative-position-in-awake-covid-19-patients
#13
Anna Coppo, Dario Winterton, Annalisa Benini, Anna Monzani, Gabriele Aletti, Barbara Cadore, Stefano Isgrò, Jonata Pizzagalli, Giacomo Bellani, Giuseppe Foti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34241578/interalveolar-pores-increase-in-aging-and-severe-airway-obstruction
#14
Arno Vanstapel, Birgit Weynand, Janne Kaes, Arne P Neyrinck, Laurens J Ceulemans, Bart M Vanaudenaerde, Robin Vos, Geert M Verleden, Maximilian Ackermann, Stijn E Verleden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34236945/pseudomembranous-invasive-tracheobronchial-aspergillosis
#15
Shinshu Katayama, Ken Tonai, Daisuke Minakata, Shin Nunomiya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34233146/bacterial-coinfection-in-covid-19-and-influenza-pneumonia
#16
Daniel M Musher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34233145/comparing-the-performance-of-two-recommended-criteria-for-establishing-a-diagnosis-for-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis
#17
Ivette Buendia-Roldan, Hiram Aguilar-Duran, Kerri A Johannson, Moisés Selman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34233144/non-pharmacological-interventions-in-delirium-the-law-of-the-handicap-of-a-head-start
#18
Arjen J C Slooter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34233143/false-positive-cuff-leak-test-due-to-glossoptosis
#19
Shunsaku Goto, Jun-Ya Ishikawa, Masafumi Idei, Takeshi Nomura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34233141/trajectory-of-preserved-ratio-impaired-spirometry-natural-history-and-long-term-prognosis
#20
Jacob Louis Marott, Truls Sylvan Ingebrigtsen, Yunus Çolak, Jørgen Vestbo, Peter Lange
RATIONALE: Natural history of Preserved Ratio Impaired Spirometry (PRISm), often defined as FEV1/FVC≥lower limit of normal and FEV1<80% of predicted value, is not well-described. OBJECTIVE: To investigate natural history and long-term prognosis of PRISm trajectories: persistent PRISm trajectory (individuals with PRISm both as young and as middle-aged); normal-to-PRISm trajectory (individuals developing PRISm from normal spirometry in young adulthood); and PRISm-to-normal trajectory (individuals recovering from PRISm in young adulthood by normalizing spirometry while middle-aged)...
July 7, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
journal
journal
20021
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"