Direct comparison of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-BNP secretion and extent of coronary artery stenosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease

Hiroshi Sakai, Takayoshi Tsutamoto, Chitose Ishikawa, Toshinari Tanaka, Masanori Fujii, Takashi Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Takashima, Minoru Horie
Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 2007, 71 (4): 499-505

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether coronary artery stenosis affects the secretion of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) from the heart independent of ventricular dysfunction. Therefore, this study evaluated the relationship between BNP and NT-proBNP secretion, plasma levels and the severity of coronary artery stenosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma levels of BNP and NT-proBNP in the aortic root (AO) and coronary sinus (CS) in 251 consecutive patients with stable CAD were measured. The transcardiac increase of NT-proBNP was significantly increased with the severity of coronary artery stenosis (p=0.012), but that of BNP was not (p=0.116). The molar ratio of the (CS-AO) NT-pro-BNP/(CS-AO) BNP increased with the severity of coronary artery stenosis (p=0.019) and decreased after coronary revascularization (p=0.018, n=36). Step-wise multivariate linear regression analyses were used to detect independent predictors of the (CS-AO) NT-proBNP among 10 variables including hemodynamic parameters and the Gensini score, which is a measure of the extent and severity of CAD. Among these variables, left ventricular ejection fraction (p<0.0001), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (p=0.003) and log Gensini score (p=0.008) were significant independent predictors.

CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the transcardiac increase of NT-proBNP from the heart increases with the severity of coronary artery stenosis independent of hemodynamic overload, and plasma NT-proBNP may be superior to BNP to assess disease severity in CAD patients.

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