Prospective study on captopril renography in hypertensive patients

D Roccatello, G Picciotto, C Rabbia, M Pozzato, P G De Filippi, G Piccoli
American Journal of Nephrology 1992, 12 (6): 406-11
Six hundred and sixty-seven hypertensive patients were analyzed by captopril-enhanced scintigraphy. If time to reach maximal activity (Tmax) was > or = 5 min using 99mTc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) or > or = 3 min with 123I-o-iodohippurate (OIH) and 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) and washout time > or = 15 min, a control study with nifedipine was performed. If the difference between Tmax under captopril and nifedipine premedication was > or = 5 min with 99mTc-DTPA or > or = 3 min with 123I-OIH and 99mTc-MAG3, the renogram was defined highly suggestive of renovascular hypertension. In the evaluation of bilateral abnormalities an additional parameter was considered, i.e. the presence of functional asymmetry of the emuntories susceptible of partial reversal in the control study under nifedipine. Based on these criteria, 58 out of 667 (8.7%) scintigrams were found to be abnormal. Thirty-five of these 58 patients and 32 of the remaining 609 scintigraphically negative cases underwent additional arteriographic examination. A renal vascular stenosis > or = 50% was found in 33 out of 35 (94.2%) patients with positive scintigraphy and in 3 out of 32 patients with negative scintigraphy. By examining results of the 67 patients undergoing arteriography, the sensitivity of captopril-enhanced scintigraphy was estimated to be 91.6%, with a specificity of 93.5%, an accuracy of 92.5%, and predictive values of a positive or negative result of 94.2 and 90.6%, respectively. By restricting analysis to bilateral stenosis, sensitivity was found to be 76.9%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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