JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Fixed-dose, body weight-independent subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin Certoparin compared with adjusted-dose intravenous unfractionated heparin in patients with proximal deep venous thrombosis

Hanno Riess, Klaus Koppenhagen, Alexander Tolle, Bettina Kemkes-Matthes, Michael Gräve, Frantisek Patek, Michael Drexler, Hans-Joachim G Siemens, Job Harenberg, Gottfried Weidinger, Joachim Brom, Sylvia Haas et al.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2003, 90 (2): 252-9
12888872
Subcutaneous body weight-adjusted low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) has been proven as effective and safe as intravenous aPTT-adjusted unfractionated heparin (UFH) for the treatment of patients with acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT). In this study we evaluate the efficacy of the initial treatment of proximal DVT with a fixed-dose, body weight-independent application of the LMWH Certoparin with a six month follow-up. In a prospective, multicentre, randomized, active-controlled study 1220 patients with objectively diagnosed proximal DVT were randomly assigned to subcutaneous 8000 U anti-factor Xa of Certoparin twice daily for 10 to 14 days or intravenous aPTT-adjusted UFH for 5 to 8 days. Both regimen were followed by oral anticoagulation for 6 months. The primary end point was the rate of symptomatic and objectively confirmed thromboembolic events within 6 months. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the non-inferiority of the Certoparin regimen as compared to UFH. The per-protocol analysis revealed 22 (3.8%) thromboembolic events in the Certoparin group and 24 (4.3%) in patients assigned to UFH within 6 months, thereby proving the non-inferiority (p<0.01), confirmed by intent-to-treat analysis (p<0.001). Major bleeding occurred in 6 and 7 patients started on Certoparin or UFH during the treatment period. Thromboembolic events were equally distributed in body weight categories with < 50, 50-80 and >80 kg as followed: 0, 3.6% and 4.1% of patients for the Certoparin group and 0, 4.6% and 4.2% of patients for the UFH group. The same was true for major bleeding complications with 0, 2.9% and 1.5% for Certoparin and 0, 3.5% and 4.2% for UFH. Overall mortality was 1.9% in the Certoparin group and 2.7% in the UFH group. Fixed-dose body weight-independent subcutaneous LMWH Certoparin is at least as efficacious and safe as intravenous aPTT-adjusted UFH for the initial treatment of acute proximal DVT. This effect is maintained during a 6-months follow-up of treatment with oral anticoagulation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12888872
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"