Histopathology and molecular genetics of hearing loss in the human

J B Nadol, S N Merchant
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 2001 October 19, 61 (1): 1-15
Hearing loss is among the most common disabilities of man. It has been estimated that over 70 million individuals in the world are hearing impaired with pure tone averages greater than 55 dB. A genetic etiology is thought to be responsible for over half of early onset hearing loss and at least one third of late onset hearing loss. In this review, examples of the histopathology of the inner ear in known genetic syndromes in the human will be presented in order to provide a structural basis for understanding molecular mechanisms of development and maintenance in the inner ear, and to serve the essential function of validating the applicability of animal genetic models of hearing loss to the human condition.

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