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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776570/comparison-of-three-different-surgical-techniques-for-designing-pharyngeal-flaps-according-to-findings-of-videonasopharyngoscopy-and-multiplanar-videofluoroscopy
#1
Pablo Antonio Ysunza, Kongkrit Chaiyasate, Matthew Rontal, Kenneth Shaheen, Blake Bartholomew
BACKGROUND: Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) occurs when the velopharyngeal sphincter (VPS) is unable to completely seal anatomical closure between the nasal and oral cavities during speech. Palatal repair can restore VPS function but the prevalence of VPI after repair has been reported ranging from 20% to 40%. The combination of flexible videonasopharyngoscopy (FVNP) and multiplanar videofluoroscopy (MPVF) has been reported as the best approach for assessing the VPS mechanism and planning effective surgical procedures aimed to correct VPI...
February 11, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772619/mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-in-children
#2
Natasha D Dombrowski, Nikolaus E Wolter, Alexandria L Irace, Michael J Cunningham, Jennifer W Mack, Karen J Marcus, Sara O Vargas, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Caroline D Robson, Reza Rahbar
INTRODUCTION: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a rare malignant salivary gland neoplasm in the pediatric population. Few studies have discussed best practice with respect to diagnosis and treatment in children. OBJECTIVE: To present our institution's experience with the evaluation and management of pediatric mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the head and neck. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients under 20 years of age diagnosed with mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the head and neck between 1998 and 2017...
February 10, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776568/the-relationship-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-speech-in-patients-with-cleft-palate
#3
Laura Bruneel, Kim Bettens, Kristiane Van Lierde
INTRODUCTION: In health-care, current efforts focus on providing patient-centered care. Specifically for patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency, and by extent patients with cleft palate, the Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VPI) Effects on Life Outcomes (VELO) questionnaire (Skirko et al., 2012; 2013) allows the clinician to map the impact of speech and swallowing difficulties on the patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The current study evaluated the hypothesized association between this speech-related HRQoL measure and perceptually and instrumentally assessed speech variables, to provide evidence for the construct validity of the Dutch version of the VELO questionnaire...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772618/relationship-between-otorhinologic-trauma-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-children
#4
Ali Karayağmurlu, İsmail Aytaç, Secaattin Gülşen
OBJEVTIVES: Otorhinologic trauma is an important condition at the ear, nose and throat (ENT) outpatient clinic in children. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been identified as a potential risk factor that may contribute to the incidence of traumatic injuries. The aim of the study was to investigate whether there is an association between otorhinologic trauma and ADHD symptoms in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted between September 2017 and March 2018...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772616/pediatric-tracheostomy-first-tube-change-when-is-it-safe
#5
R Woods, L Geyer, R Mehanna, J Russell
OBJECTIVES: The first tracheostomy tube change is typically performed on days 5-7 post-operatively, however recent international consensus guidelines suggested that, with maturation sutures, days 3-5 is appropriate. We evaluate whether a first tube change on day 2 post-operatively is safe and effective. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of all patients undergoing tracheostomy between 2009 and 2018. Exclusion criteria were patients on whom the senior authors did not operate, operations done elsewhere, cases where maturation sutures were not used or a patient died prior to first tube change...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771555/radiologic-recognition-of-cochlear-implant-magnet-displacement
#6
Madison V Epperson, Hayley L Born, John Greinwald
Despite various studies that have demonstrated risk of cochlear implant magnet displacement following MRI, minimal literature is available on radiologic recognition of magnet displacement. Current literature emphasizes the status and placement of the electrode component of the implant. This case report examines the consequences of a delay in radiologic diagnosis of a displaced magnet including hospital admission, unnecessary radiation, and prolonged patient discomfort. Additionally, it provides a framework for successful radiologic recognition of a displaced magnet, detailing specific imaging modalities and magnet characteristics that should be evaluated to expedite and facilitate radiologic recognition of displacement...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772617/pediatric-preseptal-and-orbital-cellulitis-a-10-year-experience
#7
Joana Caldeira Santos, Sara Pinto, Sofia Ferreira, Catarina Maia, Sandra Alves, Vinhas da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Characterize clinical features, epidemiology and treatment of hospitalized pediatric cases of preseptal and orbital cellulitis. METHODS: Retrospective study of children/adolescents admitted to a central hospital with preseptal and orbital cellulitis between 2007 and 2017. RESULTS: A total of 122 cases were included, 80.3% with preseptal cellulitis and 19.7% with orbital cellulitis. Patients had a median age of 5 years. Sinusitis was the most common predisposing factor (40...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776569/outcome-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-directed-surgery-for-persistent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-adenotonsillar-surgery
#8
E Esteller, J C Villatoro, A Agüero, E Matiñó, R Lopez, A Aristimuño, V Nuñez, M A Díaz-Herrera
PURPOSE: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is suitable for evaluating persistent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) after adenotonsillar surgery as a means to guide surgical intervention, yet few studies demonstrate its usefulness in resolving the syndrome. We describe our experience of DISE-directed surgery in children with persistent OSAS by analysing objective and subjective outcomes of this treatment. METHODS: Prospective study of 20 otherwise healthy 2-12 year-old children with OSAS persisting after adenotonsillar surgery...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772612/receptive-and-productive-speech-and-language-abilities-in-hearing-impaired-children-with-german-as-a-second-language
#9
Annerose Keilmann, Barbara Friese, Vanessa Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: Many studies examining early bilingualism in migrant populations focus on the development of the first language. As language acquisition is closely related to the hearing development, there is a critical need to investigate language development in hearing-impaired children being raised bilingually who were fitted with cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Therefore, this research project aimed to study the linguistic development of hearing-impaired children being raised with German as a second language who were provided with hearing aids or cochlear implants...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771552/quality-of-life-in-swedish-children-receiving-grommets-an-analysis-of-pre-and-postoperative-results-based-on-a-national-quality-register
#10
Job van Brink, Marie Gisselsson-Solen
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) and recurrent otitis media (rAOM) are two common diagnoses in childhood, both of which are treated with grommets, or ventilation tubes. It is known that affected children have a worse quality of life (QoL), and various questionnaires have been used to evaluate this. The national Swedish quality register for grommet insertions contains some QoL questions that have hitherto never been analysed. METHODS: Data from 2010 to 2016 was extracted from the register and analysed with regards to QoL questions, reasons for surgery, hearing levels and number of AOM episodes...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30743190/does-influenza-vaccination-or-rsv-prophylaxis-impact-resource-utilization-for-children-after-the-diagnosis-of-airway-disorders
#11
Jeffrey Cheng, Congwen Zhao, Hui-Jie Lee
OBJECTIVE: Quantify the rates influenza vaccination and RSV prophylaxis for children with airway stenosis and/or other disorders and assess impact on resource utilization. METHODS: This was a retrospective study with data extracted from Duke Enterprise Data Unified Content Explorer (DEDUCE) between January 1, 2006 and December 1, 2017. Children aged 18 years and younger with at least one diagnosis code for airway stenosis and/or disorders were included. The index date was defined as the first date of airway stenosis/disorders diagnosis...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772615/using-anxiolytics-in-a-pediatric-otolaryngology-clinic-to-avoid-the-operating-room
#12
Quinn Orb, Aida Rezaie, Sheldon Furst, Jeremy D Meier, Albert H Park
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing concern regarding the risks associated with the use of general anesthesia in pediatric patients. Many otolaryngologic procedures performed under general anesthesia can also be performed in clinic. We hypothesize that anxiolytics can aid in performing common procedures in clinic thus avoiding the need to undergo general anesthesia in the OR. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients undergoing inoffice procedures with anxiolytics in our pediatric otolaryngology outpatient clinic between February 2013 and January 2017...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772613/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-diagnostic-questionnaires-comparative-analysis
#13
Marcin Burghard, Eliza Brożek-Mądry, Antoni Krzeski
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work is to present available questionnaires enabling diagnostic screening when obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in a child is suspected or its effects are observed and polysomnography is unavailable. These questionnaires are designed to facilitate further diagnostic process or even therapeutic decisions, aid in selecting the optimal one for the specified conditions of clinical practice, with the caveat that none of these represents a diagnostic equivalent to PSG...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771554/genetic-risk-of-fcrl3-and-fcrl5-polymorphisms-in-children-with-asthma-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-a-chinese-han-population
#14
Zheng Gu, Yang Shen, Xin-Ye Tang, Xia Ke, Hong-Bing Yao, Su-Ling Hong, Hou-Yong Kang
OBJECTIVES: Asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) frequently occur as comorbid diseases of the upper airways. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FCRL3 and FCRL5 genes have recently been shown to be associated with various immune-related disorders. This study evaluated the association of FCRL3 and FCRL5 polymorphisms with asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the FCRL3 and FCRL5 were genotyped in 300 asthmatic children, and 206 healthy unrelated individuals using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771553/regulatory-t-lymphocytes-are-associated-with-increased-nasopharyngeal-colonization-in-children
#15
Jessica Jane Browne, Evan Howard Matthews, Andrew William Taylor-Robinson, Jennelle Maree Kyd
OBJECTIVES: Regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg ) have been linked to survival of commensal bacteria at mucosal sites, but their presence and role in chronic otitis media (COM) and their response to otopathogens has not been evaluated previously. We investigated the association between Treg lymphocytes and otopathogens in COM prone and non-COM prone children. METHODS: Forty children, 2-7 years of age, scheduled for adenoidectomy were enrolled into COM (n = 20) or non-COM (n = 20) groups...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753981/neonatal-vocal-fold-motion-impairment-after-complex-aortic-arch-reconstruction-what-should-parents-expect-after-diagnosis
#16
Jennifer P Rodney, Jess L Thompson, Michael P Anderson, Harold M Burkhart
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence, sequelae, follow up, and recovery rate of vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) after complex aortic arch reconstruction in neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case control study. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 105 neonates who underwent complex aortic arch reconstruction from 2014 to 2016. We compared patients that did have VFMI compared to a control group of patients with normal vocal fold movement...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753979/the-protective-role-of-ferulic-acid-against-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity
#17
Eu-Ri Jo, Cha Kyung Youn, Yonghyun Jun, Sung Il Cho
OBJECTIVES: While cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent, it can cause irreversible hearing loss. Ototoxicity leads to dose reduction during the cisplatin chemotherapy and results in inadequate treatment of malignant tumors. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of ferulic acid on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. METHODS: House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti 1 (HEI-OC1) cells were exposed to 30 μM of cisplatin for 24 h with or without pretreatment with ferulic acid...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30743189/genetic-susceptibility-to-aminoglycoside-ototoxicity
#18
Tien Nguyen, Anita Jeyakumar
INTRODUCTION: Aminoglycosides are a well-known clinically relevant antibiotic family used to treat bacterial infections in humans and animals and can produce toxic side effects. Aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss (HL) has been shown to have a genetic susceptibility. Mitochondrial DNA mutations have been implicated in inherited and acquired hearing impairment. OBJECTIVE: Literature review of genetic mutations associated with aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity. METHODS: PubMed was accessed from 1993 to 2017 using the search terms "aminoglycoside, genetic, ototoxicity, hearing loss"...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753980/patient-injuries-in-pediatric-otorhinolaryngology
#19
Johanna Nokso-Koivisto, Karin Blomgren, Leena-Maija Aaltonen, Lasse Lehtonen, Päivi Helmiö
OBJECTIVES: Patient injuries in children can have lifelong effects on the patient and a marked impact on the whole family. The aim of this study was to identify the errors and incidents leading to patient injuries in pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) by evaluating accepted patient injury claims. METHODS: The records of all accepted patient injury claims in ORL between 2001 and 2011 were searched from the nationwide Patient Insurance Centre registry. Pediatric injuries were reviewed and evaluated in detail, and factors contributing to injury were identified...
February 3, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30743166/evaluation-of-hearing-in-pediatric-familial-mediterranean-fever-patients-during-attack-period-and-attack-free-period
#20
Asif Salimov, Umut Akyol, Bunyamin Cildir, Ezgi Deniz Batu, Seza Ozen
OBJECTIVES: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common monogenic autoinflammatory disease worldwide. It usually has a childhood onset and is characterized with recurrent attacks with irregular intervals. Few studies have been performed to investigate hearing in FMF patients ran with various tests and showed different results. In this study, first time in the literature, we aimed to evaluate and compare auditory functions in pediatric FMF patients during the attack periods and attack-free periods to see the possible effects of autoinflammation that was caused by FMF attacks...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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