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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Gabriella Alves Quixabeira Oliveira, Maria Eduarda Pérez-DE-Oliveira, Liam Robinson, Syed Ali Khurram, Keith Hunter, Paul M Speight, Luiz Paulo Kowalski, Clóvis Antonio Lopes Pinto, Raísa Sales De Sá, Elismauro Francisco Mendonça, Sebastião Silvério Sousa-Neto, Dorival de Carlucci Junior, Fernanda Viviane Mariano, Albina Messias de Almeida Milani Altemani, Manoela Domingues Martins, Virgílio Gonzales Zanella, Danyel Elias da Cruz Perez, Jean Nunes Dos Santos, Mário José Romañach, Aline Corrêa Abrahão, Bruno Augusto Benevenuto de Andrade, Hélder Antônio Rebelo Pontes, Jacks Jorge Junior, Alan Roger Santos-Silva, Márcio Ajudarte Lopes, Willie F P Van Heerden, Pablo Agustin Vargas
OBJECTIVE: Salivary gland tumors (SGT) are a diverse group of uncommon neoplasms that are rare in pediatric patients. This study aimed to characterize the clinicopathological profile of pediatric patients affected by SGT from a large case series derived from an international group of academic centers. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of pediatric patients with SGT (0-19 years old) diagnosed between 2000 and 2021 from Brazil, South Africa, and the United Kingdom was performed...
March 21, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Chisom J Nwankwo, Bari-Ika N Vite, Godswill J Udom
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the perceptions of parents towards universal new-born screening for hearing loss in Nigeria. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) system. A comprehensive search was undertaken using multiple databases (National Library of Medicine, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Google Scholar, and MEDLINE) published in English between 2009 and 2018. The sample size of 10 studies were retrieved by using a predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, keywords, and Boolean operator search patterns...
March 21, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Patrizia Mancini, Maria Nicastri, Ilaria Giallini, Yilmaz Odabaşi, Antonio Greco, Hilal Dincer D'Alessandro, Ginevra Portanova, Laura Mariani
BACKGROUND: Long-term assessments of children with cochlear implants (CI) are important inputs to help guide families and professionals in therapeutic and counselling processes. Based on these premises, the primary aim of the present study was to assess the long-term speech and language outcomes in a sample of prelingually deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) adolescents and young adults with unilateral or bilateral implantation in childhood. The secondary aim was to investigate the correlations of age at implantation with long-term speech and language outcomes...
March 15, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Dara R Adams, Nicholas R Rowan, Sandra Y Lin, Jayant M Pinto, Christopher R Roxbury
OBJECTIVES: Despite longstanding clinical gestalt of a relationship between rhinitis and Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD), population-level evidence supporting this connection is lacking, particularly among adolescents. We aimed to investigate the association between rhinitis and ETD in a nationally-representative sample of United States adolescents. METHODS: We performed cross-sectional analyses of 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (n = 1955, ages 12-19)...
March 13, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Cassandra Alighieri, Ymke Haeghebaert, Kim Bettens, Jolien Verbeke, Imke Kissel, Evelien D'haeseleer, Iris Meerschman, Rani Van Der Sanden, Kristiane Van Lierde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Nina Pauli, Ola Sunnergren, Rut Florentzson
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study was to compare hearing outcome between a healthy control group and patients treated with transmyringeal ventilation tubes, 25 years after primary surgery. Another aim was to analyse the relation between ventilation tube treatment in childhood and the occurrence of persistent middle ear pathology 25 years later. METHODS: In 1996, children treated with transmyringeal ventilation tubes were recruited for a prospective study on the outcome of ventilation tube treatment...
March 7, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Andrew Bysice, Rakhna Araslanova, Agnieszka Dzioba, Murad Husein
OBJECTIVES: Children with aural foreign bodies (AFB) frequently present to the Emergency Department (ED). Our objective was to analyze patterns of pediatric AFB management at our center to characterize children who are commonly referred to Otolaryngology. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all children (ages 0-18 years) presenting with AFB to the tertiary care Pediatric ED over a three-year period was performed. Demographics, symptoms, type of AFB, retrieval strategy, complications, need for Otolaryngology referral, and, use of sedation, were evaluated with respect to outcomes...
March 6, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Neha A Patel, Juliana Bonilla-Velez, Tara L Rosenberg, David Siegel, Giri Shivaram, Robert H Chun, Milton Waner, Teresa M O, Itay Chen, Rony Moon, Gresham T Richter, Jonathan A Perkins
Management of tongue venous malformations can be challenging in the pediatric population due to their heterogeneity in presentation, extent of involvement and functional compromise. It is important to recognize the value of various treatment options in order to guide management of each patient in an individualized fashion. Here we describe a series of patients with tongue venous malformations that are managed using diverse modalities to illustrate the relative benefits and risks of each technique. The challenges of venous malformation treatment can be mitigated by tailoring the approach to each individual patient and malformation...
March 5, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Pierre Fayoux, Alix Maltezeanu, Pierre-Emmanuel Lemesre, Hélène Broucqsault
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate thyroplasty with autologous cartilage implant in young children. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients aged <10 years who underwent thyroplasty, in a tertiary care center, between 1999 and 2019 and had a postoperative follow-up at least one year later. Morphological evaluation was based on fiberoptic laryngoscopy and laryngeal ultrasound. Functional outcomes included parental evaluation of laryngeal signs by visual analogue scale and dysphonia ratings on the Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, and Strain scale...
March 2, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jaleh Yousefi, Zahra Raeisi, Masoumeh Saeedi, Mahdieh Hasanalifard, Seyed Morteza Hosini, Reyhaneh Abolghasemi
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media with effusion is one of the most common diseases among children. The purpose of this research is to investigate whether the resolvement of conductive hearing loss from the insertion of a ventilation tube also improves central auditory processing disorders in children with otitis media with effusion. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 20 children between 6 and 12 years old were diagnosed with otitis media with effusion and 20 normal children were included in the study...
February 27, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Marc Drake, Danielle Lyon, Timothy Martin, Michael McCormick, Minyoung Jang, Cynthia Griffith, Robert Chun
OBJECTIVE: Examine differences in cost between single stage (ss) versus double stage (ds) laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) for pediatric subglottic stenosis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of children who underwent ssLTR or dsLTR from 2014 to 2018 at a single institution. METHODS: Costs related to LTR and post-operative care up to one year after tracheostomy decannulation were extrapolated from charges billed to the patient...
February 27, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Alimohamad Asghari, Ahmad Daneshi, Mohammad Farhadi, Mohammad Ajalloueyan, Mohsen Rajati, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Nader Saki, Saleh Mohebbi, Ali Omidvari, Yasser Nasoori, Marjan Mirsalehi, Arash Bayat
OBJECTIVES: Evidence suggests that Cochlear Implantation (CI) is a beneficial approach for auditory and speech skills improvement in children with severe to profound hearing loss. However, it remains controversial if implantation in children <12 months is safe and effective compared to older children. The present study aimed to determine whether children's ages affect surgical complications and auditory and speech development. METHODS: The current multicenter study enrolled 86 children who underwent CI surgery at <12 months of age (group A) and 362 children who underwent implantation between 12 and 24 months of age (group B)...
February 26, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Taylor B Teplitzky, Jerrah C Pickle, Julianna L DeCuzzi, Karen B Zur, Terri Giordano, Diego A Preciado, Prashant Saini, Jenna W Briddell, Amal Isaiah, Kevin D Pereira
OBJECTIVES: To describe the long-term outcomes related to breathing, feeding, and neurocognitive development in extremely premature infants requiring tracheostomy. STUDY DESIGN: Pooled cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Multi-institutional academic children's hospitals. METHODS: Extremely premature infants who underwent tracheostomy between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2019, at four academic hospitals were identified from an existing database...
February 22, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Hyonoo Joo, Emily Y Huang, Desi Schoo, Yuri Agrawal, Jenny X Chen
OBJECTIVE: Children with disabilities may face increased social challenges among peers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between hearing loss and reports of bullying victimization among adolescents in the United States. METHODS: The 2021 National Health Interview Survey was a nationally representative cross-sectional survey administered to parents/caregivers of adolescent children ages 12 to 17. The effects of hearing loss on reports of bully victimization were assessed using multivariable logistic regression models, controlling for demographic characteristics including socioeconomic status and health status...
February 21, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Marzieh Mehrdadfar, Sogand Ghasemzadeh, Bagher Ghobari-Bonab, Saeid Hasanzadeh, Samira Vakili
OBJECTIVES: Children with cochlear implants have limitations in emotional and cognitive social maturity which impact on their future emotional, social, and cognitive development. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a unified protocol for online transdiagnostic treatment program on social-emotional skills (self-regulation, social competence, responsibility, sympathy) and parent-child interaction (conflict, dependence, closeness) in children with cochlear implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a quasi-experimental design with a pre-test-post-test and follow-up...
February 20, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Inbal Hazkani, Tey Ching Siong, Robert Hill, Jacob Dautel, Mital D Patel, William Vaughn, Rachel Patzer, Nikhila Raol
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillectomy is the first-line treatment for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The postoperative course may be complicated by hypoxia, requiring intervention. Positive pressure respiratory support (PPS) could be used to bridge the postoperative period and avoid invasive mechanical ventilation; however, the safety of PPS following tonsillectomy has not been established. Objective To review the incidence of complications and risk factors associated with PPS use immediately after tonsillectomy...
February 16, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Miguel Ángel Pérez-Rodríguez, Salvador Francisco Torres-Gómez, María Elena Conde-Pacheco, Alfredo Romero-Díaz
OBJETIVE: To determine the utility of the electrically evoked stapedial reflex test (ESRT) and behavioral method in the CIs programming as an objective method to identify MCL levels in the CIs programming in pediatric patients. METHOD: Cross-sectional cohort study that included 20 pediatric patients with postlingual deafness and CI unilateral. They were performed clinical history, tympanometry, ESRT and by free field audiometry, before and after programming modifications according to MCL levels obtained by ESRT were performed...
February 10, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Luo Guo, Xiaodong Gu, Qin Sun, Yike Zhang, Huawei Li, Qiang Du
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) is the most common sensorineural disorder in human. It is estimated that genetic factors contribute to over 50% of prelingual hearing loss. Most of dominant HHL patients manifest postlingual progressive hearing loss that mainly affect high frequencies. However, mutations in a few dominant HL genes, such as WFS1, TECTA and DIAPH1, cause distinct audiogram that primarily affects the low and middle frequencies. METHODS: We recruited twelve independent HL families with worse low or middle frequency audiograms...
February 9, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ari Saravia, Rachel W Saravia, Pamela Mudd, Joel W Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mostafa Talaat, AbdelMoneim H Hamad, Montasser AbdelSalam, Ahmed Adel Sadek, Ranan Tantawy, Nasr M Osman
PURPOSE: This study investigated the correlation between the diameter of the bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC), as determined by Temporal bone CT, and MRI findings of cochlear nerves (CN) in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study design was followed. Radiological data (Temporal bone CT and MRI) of fifty children with sensorineural hearing loss (age <18 y) were included in the study. All patients (100 ears) underwent routine MRI protocol in addition to 3D CISS (3-D constructive interference in steady state)...
February 9, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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