JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Low-dose mifepristone followed by vaginal misoprostol at 48 hours for abortion up to 63 days

E A Schaff, S L Fielding, S H Eisinger, L S Stadalius, L Fuller
Contraception 2000, 61 (1): 41-6
10745068
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness, side effects, and acceptability of one-third the standard dose of mifepristone, i.e., 200 mg, and vaginal misoprostol 800 microg to induce abortion in subjects < or =56 days pregnant with subjects 57-63 days pregnant. A prospective multicenter trial enrolled healthy women > or =18 years, < or =63 days pregnant, and wanting an abortion. Women received mifepristone 200 mg orally, followed by misoprostol 800 microg vaginally, and returned 1-4 days later for ultrasound evaluation. A second dose of misoprostol was administered, if necessary. Surgical intervention was indicated for continuing pregnancy, excessive bleeding, or persistent products of conception 5 weeks later. Of 1137 subjects, 829 were in the < or =56 days pregnant group and 308 in the 57-63 days pregnant group. In all, 34 subjects had surgical intervention and 16 were lost to follow-up. Complete medical abortions occurred in 97% of subjects < or =56 days pregnant and 96% in the 57-63 days pregnant group. In all, 88% of subjects in the < or =56 days pregnant and 92% in the 57-63 days pregnant group bled within 4 h of using vaginal misoprostol. Comparing subjects < or =56 days pregnant with 57-63 days pregnant, there was less diarrhea (20% vs 29%, p = 0.002) and vomiting (33% vs 44%, p = 0.001), although side effects were acceptable to 82% of subjects in both groups. One subject in the < or =56 day group required a transfusion for delayed excessive bleeding. Although bleeding (p = 0.01) and pain (p = 0.02) were less acceptable in the 57-63 day group, 91% of subjects in both groups reported that the overall procedure was acceptable. In summary, low-dose mifepristone 200 mg and home administration of vaginal misoprostol 800 microg at 48 h were highly effective and acceptable to women < or =63 days pregnant, thereby expanding the number of women who can access a medical abortion.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10745068
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"