Growth regulation of human prostate cancer cells by bone morphogenetic protein-2

H Ide, T Yoshida, N Matsumoto, K Aoki, Y Osada, T Sugimura, M Terada
Cancer Research 1997 November 15, 57 (22): 5022-7
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family and have been identified as factors that stimulate bone formation in vivo. They turned out to be multifunctional molecules regulating the growth, differentiation, and apoptosis in various target cells. Some BMPs and their receptors (BMPRs) are expressed on prostate cancer cells. We have reported previously that BMPR-IB mRNA expression is highest in the prostate, a characteristic that is not shared by the other BMPRs, BMPR-IA and BMPR-II. However, the amounts of BMPR-IB mRNA were significantly low in prostate tissues after androgen withdrawal therapy. They were also low in prostate cancer cell lines. Semiquantitative RT-PCR showed that BMPR-IB mRNA was induced by androgen in the androgen-sensitive human prostatic cancer cell line LNCaP, whereas the expression of BMPR-IA and BMPR-II mRNAs was not affected by androgen. When the recombinant human BMP-2 was added to the LNCaP cells in the presence of androgen, cell growth was inhibited. In contrast, the growth rate was increased by the addition of the same ligand when the cells were cultured in the absence of androgen; under this condition, the amounts of BMPR-IB mRNA were decreased significantly. These observations showed that the amounts of BMPR-IB, but not those of BMPR-IA, were regulated by androgen and further suggest that BMPR-IA and BMPR-IB differentially modulate prostate cancer cell growth in response to BMP under different hormonal conditions; BMPR-IA elicits growth stimulation, and BMPR-IB conveys a negative regulatory signal in response to BMP-2.

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