Pre-intervention SNOT-22 scores predict outcomes in aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease

Edward C Kuan, William P Kennedy, Neil N Patel, Khodayar Goshtasbi, Michael A Kohanski, Charles C L Tong, Peter Papagiannopoulos, David W Kennedy, James N Palmer, Nithin D Adappa, John V Bosso
American Journal of Otolaryngology 2021 March 31, 42 (5): 103025

PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether stratified preoperative, pre- aspirin desensitization (AD) sinonasal symptom scores predict postoperative, post-AD outcomes in Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients with aspirin challenge-proven AERD who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery followed by AD was performed. Preoperative, postoperative/pre-AD, and postoperative/post-AD sinonasal symptom scores were collected (22-item Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test, SNOT-22). A longitudinal linear mixed-effects model was used for data analysis.

RESULTS: Forty-seven patients (59.6% female) aged 48.0 ± 13.2 were included. Average time from surgery to AD was 70.0 ± 52.8 days. Preoperative SNOT-22 scores (n = 47) were divided into tertiles (cutoffs of 36 and 54 indicating mild [22.5 ± 13.7], moderate [44.3 ± 12.2], and severe [72.9 ± 19.7] disease). This corresponded to 12 (25.5%), 18 (38.3%), and 17 (36.2%) subjects being categorized into mild, moderate, and severe tertiles, respectively. Postoperative, pre-AD SNOT-22 in all disease groups decreased and were not significantly different (12.3 ± 13.7, 11.1 ± 12.2, 22.7 ± 19.7; p = 0.074). At short-term post-AD, only the severe group worsened (35.0 ± 20.3, p < 0.001), whereas other groups demonstrated negligible change (9.3 ± 14.3 and 14.4 ± 12.2). At long-term post-AD, all groups redemonstrated convergence in symptom scores (23.7 ± 20.9, 19.4 ± 15.4, and 31.0 ± 27.6, p = 0.304).

CONCLUSION: Preoperative SNOT-22 scores may be used as a predictor of postoperative, post-AD patient-reported outcomes in AERD. Patients with mild and moderate disease may derive benefit from surgery and AD alone, while those with severe disease may require additional interventions (e.g., biologics).

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