JOURNAL ARTICLE

CEREBROSPINAL FLUID SAMPLING IN A BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN ( TURSIOPS TRUNCATUS ) UNDER GENERAL ANESTHESIA

Jennifer Russell, Nicholas Jeffery, James Bailey, Steven Osborn, Carolina Le-Bert, Heidi Whitehead, Hendrik Nollens
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians 2021, 51 (4): 1056-1061
33480590
Brucella ceti, associated with neurobrucellosis, has been isolated from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of postmortem cetaceans. A 106-kg, stranded female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) presented with serum antibodies to Brucella spp. via competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and fluorescence polarization assay. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and culture of whole blood, bronchoalveolar fluid, and rectal, nasal, and genital swabs for Brucella spp. were consistently negative. Serial computed tomography revealed mild focal dilatation of brain ventricles. CSF sampling was warranted to exclude neurobrucellosis. Sedation was achieved with 30 mg diazepam (0.28 mg/kg) orally 2.5 hours prior to arrival in hospital, followed by 5.3 mg midazolam (0.05 mg/kg) intramuscularly, and anesthetic induction with 2.5 mg midazolam (0.02 mg/kg) and 200 mg propofol (2 mg/kg) administered slowly intravenously, followed by intubation and maintenance on sevoflurane using controlled mechanical and apneustic anesthesia ventilation. The atlanto-occipital joint was opened by flexing the upper cervical region with the animal in left lateral recumbency. A 20-ga × 6-inch spinal needle was advanced into the cisterna magna using radiographic guidance. CSF was collected successfully with no neurological deficits appreciable on recovery. Brucella spp. was not identified via PCR or culture. This represents the first report of an antemortem CSF tap in a cetacean.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33480590
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"