JOURNAL ARTICLE

Complications of uterine fibroid embolization

Brian E Schirf, Robert L Vogelzang, Howard B Chrisman
Seminars in Interventional Radiology 2006, 23 (2): 143-9
21326757
Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) is an increasingly popular, minimally invasive treatment option for women with symptomatic fibroid disease. UFE therapy in qualified hands is an effective, well-tolerated procedure that offers relief of fibroid symptoms with a low risk of complications. In the acute postprocedural period, immediate complications may relate to vascular access, thromboembolic events, infection, and pain management. Reported major complications include but are not limited to pulmonary embolus, uterine ischemia, necrosis, sepsis, and death. Non-life-threatening complications include altered ovarian and sexual function, subcutaneous tissue necrosis, expulsion of fibroid tissue, and treatment failure. Awareness of the known complications of UFE may allow more rapid diagnosis and effective therapeutic responses to complications when they occur.

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