JOURNAL ARTICLE

TNF-alpha, inefficient by itself, potentiates IL-1beta-induced PGHS-2 expression in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells: requirement of NF-kappaB and p38 MAPK pathways

Fatima Ait Said, Catherine Werts, Ismaïl Elalamy, Jean-Paul Couetil, Claude Jacquemin, Mohamed Hatmi
British Journal of Pharmacology 2002, 136 (7): 1005-14
12145100
1: Prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2), is an inducible enzyme involved in various inflammatory responses. We established here that interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) but not tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) increased its expression in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMEC). However, associated with IL-1beta, TNF-alpha greatly potentiated this enzyme induction. 2: Although unable to induce PGHS-2 expression by itself, TNF-alpha promoted a similar transcription nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation to IL-1beta. This effect was more pronounced when cells were co-exposed to both cytokines. HPMEC pre-treatment with MG-132, a proteasome inhibitor, prevented NF-kappaB activation as well as more distal signalling response, indicating that NF-kappaB activation is required but not sufficient for PGHS-2 expression. 3: Both IL-1beta and TNF-alpha failed to activate c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). In addition, PD98059, a p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation inhibitor, did not decrease PGHS-2 expression. However, SB 203580, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, suppressed PGHS-2 induction by IL-1beta alone or combined with TNF-alpha, demonstrating that p38 MAPK but not p42/44 MAPK or JNK cascades are required for PGHS-2 up-regulation. 4: Finally, TNF-alpha, unlike IL-1beta, was unable to promote p38 MAPK phosphorylation, indicating that the failure of TNF-alpha to induce PGHS-2 expression is linked, at least in part, to its inability to activate p38 MAPK signalling pathway. Altogether, these data enhanced our understanding of PGHS-2 regulation in HPMEC and emphasize the heterogeneity of cellular responses to proinflammatory cytokines.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12145100
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"