Characteristics of A spermatogonia and preleptotene spermatocytes in the vitamin A-deficient rat testis

A M van Pelt, F M van Dissel-Emiliani, I C Gaemers, M J van der Burg, H J Tanke, D G de Rooij
Biology of Reproduction 1995, 53 (3): 570-8
The proliferative activity and other characteristics of germ cells in the vitamin A-deficient (VAD) rat testis were investigated. In the VAD testis, A spermatogonia and preleptotene spermatocytes were found. The A spermatogonia in the VAD testis showed a bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling index of 6.6 +/- 1.1% and a mitotic index of 2.8 +/- 0.5%. After continuous labeling with BrdU for up to four days, the ultimate labeling index of A spermatogonia was 11.6 +/- 2.5%, which is less than expected. It is concluded that in the VAD rat testis, many of the proliferating A spermatogonia degenerate. During the first 18 h after administration of vitamin A, no increase was observed in either the labeling index or the mitotic index of the A spermatogonia. However, after 24 h the first wave of A spermatogonia in S phase was found, and the first wave in mitosis was found after 48 h. Furthermore, in the VAD testis the DNA content of most of the A spermatogonia was similar to that of Sertoli cells, i.e., 2n. It is concluded that in the VAD situation, nearly all A spermatogonia are arrested before the S phase of the A1 spermatogonia. The hypothesis is put forward that in the VAD testis, the remaining A spermatogonia are the undifferentiated spermatogonia that are unable to differentiate into A1 spermatogonia. The preleptotene spermatocytes in the VAD testis showed a BrdU labeling index of 20.3 +/- 3.5%, while the DNA content of most of these cells was between 3n and 4n.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"