journal

British Journal of Anaesthesia

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32228868/neostigmine-versus-sugammadex-the-tide-may-be-turning-but-we-still-need-to-navigate-the-winds
#1
EDITORIAL
Karsten Bartels, Jennifer M Hunter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32228867/counting-train-of-four-twitch-response-comparison-of-palpation-to-mechanomyography-acceleromyography-and-electromyography
#2
Andrew Bowdle, Logan Bussey, Kelly Michaelsen, Srdjan Jelacic, Bala Nair, Kei Togashi, Justin Hulvershorn
BACKGROUND: Train-of-four twitch monitoring can be performed using palpation of thumb movement, or by the use of a more objective quantitative monitor, such as mechanomyography, acceleromyography, or electromyography. The relative performance of palpation and quantitative monitoring for determination of the train-of-four ratio has been studied extensively, but the relative performance of palpation and quantitative monitors for counting train-of-four twitch responses has not been completely described...
March 27, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32223967/ventilatory-frequency-during-intraoperative-mechanical-ventilation-and-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-a-hospital-registry-study
#3
Peter Santer, Shengxing Zheng, Maximilian Hammer, Sarah Nabel, Ameeka Pannu, Yunping Li, Satya Krishna Ramachandran, Marcos F Vidal Melo, Matthias Eikermann
BACKGROUND: High ventilatory frequencies increase static lung strain and possibly lung stress by shortening expiratory time, increasing intrathoracic pressure, and causing dynamic hyperinflation. We hypothesised that high intraoperative ventilatory frequencies were associated with postoperative respiratory complications. METHODS: In this retrospective hospital registry study, we analysed data from adult non-cardiothoracic surgical cases performed under general anaesthesia with mechanical ventilation at a single centre between 2005 and 2017...
March 26, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32220485/tranexamic-acid-the-king-is-dead-long-live-the-king
#4
EDITORIAL
Heiko Lier, Aryeh Shander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32216958/a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-the-association-between-elevated-preoperative-red-cell-distribution-width-and-all-cause-mortality-after-noncardiac-surgery
#5
Halldor B Olafsson, Gissur A Sigurdarson, Kenneth B Christopher, Sigurbergur Karason, Gisli H Sigurdsson, Martin I Sigurdsson
BACKGROUND: Elevated red cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with worse outcomes in several medical patient populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of increased preoperative RDW and short- and long-term mortality after noncardiac surgery. METHODS: This investigation was a retrospective cohort study including all patients undergoing noncardiac surgery between 2005 and 2015 at Landspitali-the National University Hospital in Iceland...
March 23, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32216957/short-term-outcomes-of-combined-neuraxial-and-general-anaesthesia-versus-general-anaesthesia-alone-for-elective-open-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-%C3%A2
#6
Konrad Salata, Faraj W Abdallah, Mohamad A Hussain, Charles de Mestral, Elisa Greco, Badr Aljabri, Muhammad Mamdani, C David Mazer, Thomas L Forbes, Subodh Verma, Mohammed Al-Omran
BACKGROUND: Use of neuraxial anaesthesia for open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is postulated to reduce mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to determine the 90-day outcomes after elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients receiving combined general and neuraxial anaesthesia vs general anaesthesia alone. METHODS: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted from 2003 to 2016. All patients ≥40 yr old undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair were included...
March 23, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32204893/return-to-intended-oncologic-therapy-a-potentially-valuable-endpoint-for-perioperative-research-in-cancer-patients
#7
EDITORIAL
Dylan T Finnerty, Donal J Buggy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32200994/high-flow-nasal-oxygenation-assisted-fibreoptic-tracheal-intubation-in-critically-ill-patients-with-covid-19-pneumonia-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
LETTER
Cai-Neng Wu, Lin-Zhi Xia, Kun-Hong Li, Wu-Hua Ma, Dong-Nan Yu, Bo Qu, Bi-Xi Li, Ying Cao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32200993/can-empathy-improve-surgical-and-patient-reported-outcomes-benefit-to-an-identifiable-patient-effect
#9
LETTER
Basil Nourallah, Daniel J Stubbs, Nicholas Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32200992/pre-hospital-emergency-anaesthesia-in-the-united-kingdom-an-observational-cohort-study
#10
Jake Turner, Sebastian Bourn, James Raitt, Erica Ley, Matthew O'Meara
BACKGROUND: Up to one in eight trauma patients arrive at a hospital with a partially or completely obstructed airway. The UK National Institute for health and Care Excellence (NICE) practice guidelines recommend that trauma patients requiring anaesthesia for definitive airway management receive this care within 45 min of an emergency call, preferably at the incident scene. How frequently this target is achieved remains unclear. We assessed the recorded time to pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia after trauma across UK helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) units...
March 19, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32199586/a-novel-metric-for-reporting-acute-postoperative-pain-correlates-more-closely-with-patient-satisfaction
#11
LETTER
Kordula Lang-Illievich, Mischa Wejbora, Istvan S Szilagyi, Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32199585/statistical-significance-versus-clinical-relevance-comment-on-br-j-anaesth-2020-124-154-63
#12
LETTER
Ratan K Banik, Sathappan Karuppiah, Alexander M Kaizer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32199584/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-by-baseline-risk-in-acute-bleeding-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-level-data-from-28-333-patients
#13
Francois-Xavier Ageron, Angele Gayet-Ageron, Katharine Ker, Timothy J Coats, Haleema Shakur-Still, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Early administration of the antifibrinolytic drug tranexamic acid reduces death from bleeding in trauma and postpartum haemorrhage. We examined how the effectiveness and safety of antifibrinolytic drugs varies by the baseline risk of death as a result of bleeding. METHODS: We performed an individual patient-level data meta-analysis of randomised trials including more than 1000 patients that assessed antifibrinolytics in acute severe bleeding. We identified trials performed between January 1, 1946 and July 5, 2018 (PROSPERO, number 42016052155)...
March 18, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32197776/supraglottic-airway-devices-for-caesarean-delivery-under-general-anaesthesia-for-all-for-none-or-for-some
#14
EDITORIAL
Yavor Metodiev, Mary Mushambi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32192711/emergency-caesarean-delivery-in-a-patient-with-confirmed-coronavirus-disease-2019-under-spinal-anaesthesia
#15
LETTER
Haifa Xia, Shuai Zhao, Zhouyang Wu, Huilin Luo, Cheng Zhou, Xiangdong Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32172954/intraperitoneal-ropivacaine-reduces-time-interval-to-initiation-of-chemotherapy-after-surgery-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer-randomised-controlled-double-blind-pilot-study
#16
Jane M Hayden, Jonatan Oras, Linda Block, Sven-Egron Thörn, Charlotte Palmqvist, Sahar Salehi, Johan L Nordstrom, Anil Gupta
BACKGROUND: Advanced-stage ovarian cancer has a poor prognosis; surgical resection with the intent to leave no residual tumour followed by adjuvant chemotherapy is the standard treatment. Local anaesthetics (LA) have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. We hypothesised that intraperitoneal LA (IPLA) would lead to improved postoperative recovery, better pain relief, and earlier start of chemotherapy. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study in 40 women undergoing open abdominal cytoreductive surgery...
March 12, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32171547/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-perioperative-use-of-vasoactive-drugs-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-major-abdominal-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Carolyn Deng, Rinaldo Bellomo, Paul Myles
BACKGROUND: The perioperative use of vasoactive drugs is ubiquitous in clinical anaesthesia; yet, the drugs, doses, and haemodynamic targets used are highly variable. Our objectives were to determine whether the perioperative administration of vasoactive drugs reduces mortality, morbidity, and length of stay in adult patients (aged 16 yr or older) undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for peer-reviewed RCTs with no language or date restrictions...
March 11, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32171546/emergency-front-of-neck-airway-differences-in-language-and-technique-between-anaesthetists-and-surgeons
#18
LETTER
Lawrie R Kidd, Natalie C Wood, Simon Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32171545/perioperative-considerations-for-transgender-women-undergoing-routine-surgery-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Yasmin Lennie, Keitebe Leareng, Lis Evered
A transgender woman is a person assigned male sex at birth who identifies as a woman. With the numbers of transgender identity on the rise, encountering a transgender woman requiring routine surgery is becoming more common in anaesthetic practice. The perioperative period can be challenging for transgender women, but these challenges can be mitigated by a skilled and sensitive perioperative team. Engagement with patients and their primary physicians is important. Whilst there are anaesthetic issues relevant to both transgender women and men, there are many issues unique to transgender women...
March 11, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32171544/effects-of-variable-versus-non-variable-controlled-mechanical-ventilation-comment-on-br-j-anaesth-2020-124-430-9
#20
LETTER
W Alan C Mutch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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