journal

Lancet

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31928767/addressing-sociopolitical-determinants-of-mental-health-an-emerging-challenge-in-hong-kong
#1
Xue Yang, Winnie W S Mak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2020: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31928766/department-of-error
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2020: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31928765/depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-during-major-social-unrest-in-hong-kong-a-10-year-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Michael Y Ni, Xiaoxin I Yao, Kathy S M Leung, Cynthia Yau, Candi M C Leung, Phyllis Lun, Francis P Flores, Wing Chung Chang, Benjamin J Cowling, Gabriel M Leung
BACKGROUND: Hong Kong has been embroiled in increasingly violent social unrest since June, 2019. We examined the associated population mental health burden, risk factors, and health-care needs. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort, adult participants aged 18 years or older were assessed at nine timepoints from 2009. Probable depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (score ≥10) and suspected post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (score ≥14), plus direct exposure to traumatic events related to the ongoing social unrest...
January 9, 2020: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31924402/the-cognitive-health-system
#4
REVIEW
Enrico Coiera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2020: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31883619/wakley-wu-lien-teh-prize-essay-2019-two-generations-of-chinese-doctors
#5
Esther Lau, Helena Hui Wang, Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31879028/percutaneous-coronary-angioplasty-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-the-treatment-of-unprotected-left-main-stenosis-updated-5-year-outcomes-from-the-randomised-non-inferiority-noble-trial
#6
Niels R Holm, Timo Mäkikallio, M Mitchell Lindsay, Mark S Spence, Andrejs Erglis, Ian B A Menown, Thor Trovik, Thomas Kellerth, Gintaras Kalinauskas, Lone Juul Hune Mogensen, Per H Nielsen, Matti Niemelä, Jens F Lassen, Keith Oldroyd, Geoffrey Berg, Peteris Stradins, Simon J Walsh, Alastair N J Graham, Petter C Endresen, Ole Fröbert, Uday Trivedi, Vesa Anttila, David Hildick-Smith, Leif Thuesen, Evald H Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is increasingly used in revascularisation of patients with left main coronary artery disease in place of the standard treatment, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The NOBLE trial aimed to evaluate whether PCI was non-inferior to CABG in the treatment of left main coronary artery disease and reported outcomes after a median follow-up of 3·1 years. We now report updated 5-year outcomes of the trial. METHODS: The prospective, randomised, open-label, non-inferiority NOBLE trial was done at 36 hospitals in nine northern European countries...
December 23, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31870498/countering-the-pandemic-of-gender-based-violence-and-maltreatment-of-young-people-the-lancet-commission
#7
Felicia Marie Knaul, Flavia Bustreo, Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31858994/long-overdue-a-fresh-start-for-eu-policy-on-alcohol-and-health
#8
Pieter de Coninck, Ian Gilmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31862250/public-access-defibrillation-and-neurological-outcomes-in-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-japan-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Takahiro Nakashima, Teruo Noguchi, Yoshio Tahara, Kunihiro Nishimura, Satoshi Yasuda, Daisuke Onozuka, Taku Iwami, Naohiro Yonemoto, Ken Nagao, Hiroshi Nonogi, Takanori Ikeda, Naoki Sato, Hiroyuki Tsutsui
BACKGROUND: More than 80% of public-access defibrillation attempts do not result in sustained return of spontaneous circulation in patients who have had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and a shockable heart rhythm before arrival of emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Neurological and survival outcomes in such patients have not been evaluated. We aimed to assess the neurological status and survival outcomes in such patients. METHODS: This is a retropective analysis of a cohort study from a prospective, nationwide, population-based registry of 1 299 784 patients who had an OHCA event between Jan 1, 2005, and Dec 31, 2015 in Japan...
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31862247/epileptic-encephalopathies-of-infancy-welcome-advances
#10
Samuel F Berkovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31852605/the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-aetiological-pathways-and-consequences-for-health
#11
REVIEW
Jonathan C Wells, Ana Lydia Sawaya, Rasmus Wibaek, Martha Mwangome, Marios S Poullas, Chittaranjan S Yajnik, Alessandro Demaio
Malnutrition has historically been researched and addressed within two distinct silos, focusing either on undernutrition, food insecurity, and micronutrient deficiencies, or on overweight, obesity, and dietary excess. However, through rapid global nutrition transition, an increasing proportion of individuals are exposed to different forms of malnutrition during the life course and have the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) directly. Long-lasting effects of malnutrition in early life can be attributed to interconnected biological pathways, involving imbalance of the gut microbiome, inflammation, metabolic dysregulation, and impaired insulin signalling...
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31852604/a-future-direction-for-tackling-malnutrition
#12
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31852603/double-duty-actions-seizing-programme-and-policy-opportunities-to-address-malnutrition-in-all-its-forms
#13
REVIEW
Corinna Hawkes, Marie T Ruel, Leah Salm, Bryony Sinclair, Francesco Branca
Actions to address different forms of malnutrition are typically managed by separate communities, policies, programmes, governance structures, and funding streams. By contrast, double-duty actions, which aim to simultaneously tackle both undernutrition and problems of overweight, obesity, and diet-related non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) have been proposed as a way to effectively address malnutrition in all its forms in a more holisitic way. This Series paper identifies ten double-duty actions that have strong potential to reduce the risk of both undernutrition, obesity, and DR-NCDs...
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31852601/economic-effects-of-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition
#14
REVIEW
Rachel Nugent, Carol Levin, Jessica Hale, Brian Hutchinson
Observations from many countries indicate that multiple forms of malnutrition might coexist in a country, a household, and an individual. In this Series, the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) encompasses undernutrition in the form of stunting, and overweight and obesity. Health effects of the DBM include those associated with both undernutrition, such as impaired childhood development and greater susceptibility to infectious diseases, and overweight, especially in terms of increased risk of added visceral fat and increased risk of non-communicable diseases...
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31852600/a-new-nutrition-manifesto-for-a-new-nutrition-reality
#15
Francesco Branca, Alessandro Demaio, Emorn Udomkesmalee, Phillip Baker, Victor M Aguayo, Simon Barquera, Katie Dain, Lindsay Keir, Anna Lartey, Gladys Mugambi, Stineke Oenema, Ellen Piwoz, Ruth Richardson, Sudhvir Singh, Lucy Sullivan, Gerda Verburg, Patrizia Fracassi, Lina Mahy, Lynnette M Neufeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31843210/carryover-effects-of-aromatase-inhibitors-in-prevention
#16
Saranya Chumsri, E Aubrey Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31839280/universal-birth-registration-by-2030-progress-and-challenges
#17
Mark Hereward, Cornelius Williams, Nicole Petrowski, Claudia Cappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31839279/oseltamivir-plus-usual-care-versus-usual-care-for-influenza-like-illness-in-primary-care-an-open-label-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Christopher C Butler, Alike W van der Velden, Emily Bongard, Benjamin R Saville, Jane Holmes, Samuel Coenen, Johanna Cook, Nick A Francis, Roger J Lewis, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Carl Llor, Sławomir Chlabicz, Christos Lionis, Bohumil Seifert, Pär-Daniel Sundvall, Annelies Colliers, Rune Aabenhus, Lars Bjerrum, Nicolay Jonassen Harbin, Morten Lindbæk, Dominik Glinz, Heiner C Bucher, Bernadett Kovács, Ruta Radzeviciene Jurgute, Pia Touboul Lundgren, Paul Little, Andrew W Murphy, An De Sutter, Peter Openshaw, Menno D de Jong, Jason T Connor, Veerle Matheeussen, Margareta Ieven, Herman Goossens, Theo J Verheij
BACKGROUND: Antivirals are infrequently prescribed in European primary care for influenza-like illness, mostly because of perceived ineffectiveness in real world primary care and because individuals who will especially benefit have not been identified in independent trials. We aimed to determine whether adding antiviral treatment to usual primary care for patients with influenza-like illness reduces time to recovery overall and in key subgroups. METHODS: We did an open-label, pragmatic, adaptive, randomised controlled trial of adding oseltamivir to usual care in patients aged 1 year and older presenting with influenza-like illness in primary care...
December 12, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31839278/neuraminidase-inhibitors-for-influenza-like-illness-in-primary-care
#19
Nelson Lee, Michael Ison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2019: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31839281/use-of-anastrozole-for-breast-cancer-prevention-ibis-ii-long-term-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Jack Cuzick, Ivana Sestak, John F Forbes, Mitch Dowsett, Simon Cawthorn, Robert E Mansel, Sibylle Loibl, Bernardo Bonanni, D Gareth Evans, Anthony Howell
BACKGROUND: Two large clinical trials have shown a reduced rate of breast cancer development in high-risk women in the initial 5 years of follow-up after use of aromatase inhibitors (MAP.3 and International Breast Cancer Intervention Study II [IBIS-II]). Here, we report blinded long-term follow-up results for the IBIS-II trial, which compared anastrozole with placebo, with the objective of determining the efficacy of anastrozole for preventing breast cancer (both invasive and ductal carcinoma in situ) in the post-treatment period...
December 11, 2019: Lancet
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