Retrolabyrinthine vestibular neurectomy: a reevaluation

J T McElveen, C Shelton, W E Hitselberger, D E Brackmann
Laryngoscope 1988, 98 (5): 502-6
Selective vestibular neurectomy is considered an effective means of relieving intractable vertigo while preserving hearing. In order to determine the effectiveness of the retrolabyrinthine approach to selective vestibular neurectomy, we evaluated 161 patients who underwent vestibular neurectomy between April 1981 and September 1985. Questionnaire responses indicated that 97% of the Meniere's disease patients and 68% of the non-Meniere's disease patients experienced a substantial improvement or resolution of their vertiginous symptoms. Hearing was maintained within 10 dB of the preoperative level in the majority of the patients. Neurological complications were limited to 2 cases of meningitis which resolved with medical therapy, 7 cases of cerebral spinal fluid leaks, and 3 cases of complete sensorineural hearing loss. Based on this review, we concluded that retrolabyrinthine vestibular neurectomy continues to be a safe and effective approach to relieve ear-related vertigo.

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