Albina S Islam, Graham Pingree, Andrew Chafin, Thomas H Fitzpatrick, Ryan S Nord
OBJECTIVES: Upper airway stimulation (UAS) is an effective treatment for patients with obstructive sleep apnea. The device consists of a stimulating electrode, an internal pulse generator, and a respiratory sensing lead. The purpose of this study is to characterize the incidence of sensing lead malfunction necessitating revision surgery in a high-volume center in conjunction with a review of the FDA Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database reports on adverse events associated with the sensing lead component...
September 21, 2023: Laryngoscope
Lauren F Tracy, D O'Neil Danis, Timothy Rodriggs, Rohith Kariveda, Gregory A Grillone
OBJECTIVES: Localized laryngotracheal amyloidosis (LA) is a rare disease that can impact phonation and respiration. Treatment options include observation, surgery, and radiation therapy (RT). Given the rare incidence of LA, evidence regarding optimal management and long-term outcomes is limited. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All patients with LA presenting to an international amyloid center from 1999 to 2022 were analyzed...
September 21, 2023: Laryngoscope
Leah Sax, Shaan Sharma, Jacob Benedict, Kevin Guy, Ian Mandybur, Michael Bittner, John Sinacori, Benjamin Rubinstein
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of two different ventilation techniques, jet ventilation and apneic anesthesia with intermittent ventilation (AAIV), on patient hemodynamics and operative time during endoscopic laryngotracheal stenosis surgery. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients who underwent airway dilation for laryngotracheal stenosis by a single surgeon at a single institution from October 1, 2000 through January 2, 2020...
September 19, 2023: Laryngoscope
Seraphina Key, Nusrat Mohamed, Melville Da Cruz, Kelvin Kong, Zubair Hasan
OBJECTIVE: This review aims to quantify the pooled functional gain (FG) in different types of hearing loss with the transcutaneous hearing device, Osia (Cochlear, Sydney, Australia) in comparison with the unaided state. Secondary outcomes are patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs) and complication rates. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, SCOPUS, Cochrane CENTRAL, PROSPERO and Cochrane Library. REVIEW METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of indexed search terms relating to "Osia," "Osseointegration," "Cochlear Implant," and "Bone-Anchored Prosthesis" was performed from database inception to September 20, 2022...
September 18, 2023: Laryngoscope
Erika Elfstrand, Christian Löfvenberg, Lars Lundman, Johan Wikström
A 30-year-old man presented with minute-long episodes of vertigo and severe autophony. CVEMP showed a decreased threshold when testing the left side, potentially indicating SSCD. A subsequent MRI demonstrated a multi-lobulated, cystic mass in the temporal bone and the radiological diagnosis at that time was ELST. Tumor excision was performed, and microscopic examination of the excised material revealed fibrovascular tissue without signs of papillary or cystic projections. The conclusion of the histological assessment rendered a diagnosis of angiofibroma...
September 18, 2023: Laryngoscope
Aarti Agarwal, Ramez Philips, Michele Fiorella, Dev R Amin, Howard Krein, Ryan Heffelfinger
BACKGROUND: Esophageal defects can result from primary pathologies such as malignancy or stricture, or secondary ones such as perforation due to trauma or iatrogenic injury. Techniques, management, and outcomes of reconstruction in this setting are poorly understood. Herein, we aim to highlight surgical outcomes in patients undergoing local and free flap reconstruction of esophageal defects in the setting of an intact larynx. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients who underwent esophageal reconstruction with an intact larynx between 2009 and 2022 at our institution was performed...
September 15, 2023: Laryngoscope
Olcay Cem Bulut, Burkard M Lippert, Frank Riedel, Michaela Plath, Ralph Hohenberger
OBJECTIVES: Septorhinoplasty (SRPL) and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) are two frequently performed surgeries to improve quality of life (QoL) in patients with nasal symptoms. It has been demonstrated as a safe combination regarding complication rates, but patient satisfaction in concurrent surgery has not been adequately studied yet. METHODS: Patients undergoing sole FESS due to chronic rhinosinusitis (n = 57), sole SRPL (n = 148), and concurrent surgery (n = 62) were prospectively evaluated for their disease-specific QoL before and one year after surgery...
September 14, 2023: Laryngoscope
Sachi S Dholakia, David Grimm, Rachel Daum, Dawn T Bravo, Nicole Salvi, David Zarabanda, Jonathan B Overdevest, Andrew Thamboo, Tsuguhisa Nakayama, Jayakar V Nayak
OBJECTIVE: Empty nose syndrome (ENS) is a relatively uncommon disease that greatly impacts the quality of life and presents diagnostic challenges. We sought to identify objective clinical findings unique to patients with ENS, and in doing so identified compensatory mucosal hypertrophy in an alternating, undulating swelling on endoscopy and coronal computerized tomography (CT) that we have termed the "Serpentine Sign." Here, we investigated whether this radiographic finding is a reliable manifestation in ENS patients...
September 13, 2023: Laryngoscope
Jo Omata, Yushi Ueki, Yuto Takahashi, Ryoko Tanaka, Yusuke Yokoyama, Takeshi Takahashi, Ryusuke Shodo, Keisuke Yamazaki, Takafumi Togashi, Hiroshi Matsuyama, Nao Takahashi, Ryuichi Okabe, Arata Horii
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treatment has changed dramatically with the introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). However, there are few reports of treatment outcomes on HNSCC with distant metastasis (M1) at initial diagnosis, and its treatment strategy has not been standardized. We aimed to analyze the treatment outcome and prognostic factors of patients with HNSCC with initial M1 disease. METHODS: In this multi-institutional retrospective study, 98 patients with HNSCC were initially diagnosed with M1 disease between 2007 and 2021...
September 12, 2023: Laryngoscope
Meena Easwaran, Chloe Santa Maria, Joshua D Martinez, Barbara Hung, Xuan Yu, Joanne Soo, Akari Kimura, Eric R Gross, Elizabeth Erickson-DiRenzo
OBJECTIVES: The effects of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) on the larynx are relatively unknown. This study examined the short-term effects of e-cigarette inhalation on cellular and inflammatory responses within the mouse laryngeal glottic and subglottic regions after exposure to pod-based devices (JUUL). METHODS: Male C57BL6/J mice (8-9 weeks) were assigned to control (n = 9), JUUL flavors Mint (JMi; n = 10) or Mango (JMa; n = 10)...
September 12, 2023: Laryngoscope
Stefanie Seo, Sarek Shen, Andy S Ding, Francis X Creighton
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implants (CIs) are a well-established treatment modality for hearing loss due to neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). Our aim is to investigate variables that affect longitudinal performance of CIs among patients with NF2. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review at a single academic institution consisting of patients who have received cochlear implants following hearing loss due to NF2. METHODS: The primary outcome examined was CI disuse or explantation...
September 12, 2023: Laryngoscope
Dante J Nicotera, Aseeyah A Islam, Yupeng Liu, Kate Dunsky, Judith E C Lieu
OBJECTIVES: Differences in management and outcomes of otolaryngologic diseases may reflect inequities driven by social determinants of health. This study aimed to investigate disparities in presentation and outcomes of retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) among 231 pediatric patients. METHODS: Medical records were searched for pediatric patients with RPA from 2010 to 2021. Charts were reviewed for demographics, clinical features, and treatment decisions. Area deprivation index (ADI) scores for patient zip codes were determined...
September 12, 2023: Laryngoscope
Saangyoung E Lee, Elizabeth Ritter, Tuong T Nguyen, Princess C Onuorah, Charles S Ebert, Brent A Senior, Brian D Thorp, Adam J Kimple
BACKGROUND: Intranasal corticosteroids (INCS) are a treatment mainstay of chronic rhinosinusitis and allergic rhinitis. Current computational models demonstrate that >90% of INCS drug deposition occurs on the head of the inferior turbinate and nasal valve, rather than the actual sinuses. These models do not consider mucociliary clearance which propels mucus posteriorly, nor do they consider the absorption of the drug. The purpose of this study is to better understand the exact anatomical location where INCS are absorbed...
September 11, 2023: Laryngoscope
Jonna Kuuskoski, Jaakko Vanhatalo, Jami Rekola, Leena-Maija Aaltonen, Pia Järvenpää
BACKGROUND: Videofluoroscopy (VFS) is the gold standard in evaluating dysphagia. Water swallow tests (WST) and the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) are commonly used in dysphagia screening. We aimed to determine the feasibility of WST and EAT-10 as screening tools for referral to VFS. METHODS: Patients (n = 150, median age: 70.0 years, range: 19-92 years, 58.7% female) referred to VFS completed the WST and EAT-10 before the examination...
September 11, 2023: Laryngoscope
Tayla Razmovski, Kate M Brody, Dimitra Stathopoulos, Dongcheng Zhang, Ellie Cho, Amy J Hampson, Aaron Collins, Christofer Bester, Stephen O'Leary
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative trauma leading to bleeding during cochlear implantation negatively impacts residual hearing of cochlear implant recipients. There are no clinical protocols for the removal of blood during implantation, to reduce the consequential effects such as inflammation and fibrosis which adversely affect cochlear health and residual hearing. This preclinical study investigated the implementation of an intra-cochlear flushing protocol for the removal of blood. METHODS: Three groups of guinea pigs were studied for 28 days after cochlear implantation; cochlear implant-only (control group); cochlear implant with blood injected into the cochlea (blood group); and cochlear implant, blood injection, and flushing of the blood from the cochlea intraoperatively (flush group)...
September 11, 2023: Laryngoscope
Diane Majerus Brewer, Claire Marcus Bernstein, Dominique Calandrillo, Nancy Muscato, Kailey Introcaso, Cassandra Bosworth, Anne Olson, Rachel Vovos, Gina Stillitano, Sarah Sydlowski
OBJECTIVE(S): This randomized controlled study evaluated the effectiveness of a Telehealth Aural Rehabilitation (TeleAR) training protocol to improve outcomes for adult cochlear implant (CI) users. METHODS: This was a multisite clinical study with participants randomized to either an AR treatment or active control group. The AR protocol consisted of auditory training (words, sentences, and speech tracking), informational counseling, and communication strategies...
September 9, 2023: Laryngoscope
Jordan K Simmons, Wasiq Nadeem, Marcel M Maya, Arthur W Wu, Wouter I Schievink, Adam N Mamelak, Dennis M Tang
An adolescent male presented with orthostatic headaches following head trauma. MRI showed cerebellar tonsil displacement and a bony defect in the clival skull base. Digital subtraction myelography (DSM) confirmed a cerebrospinal fluid-venous fistula (CVF). This was repaired endoscopically. CVFs cause uncontrolled flow of CSF into the venous system resulting in symptoms of intracranial hypotension. They're often difficult to identify on initial imaging. This is the first reported CVF originating in the central skull base, and the first treated via endoscopic trans-nasal approach...
September 8, 2023: Laryngoscope
Nick J I Hamilton, Angela Tait, Ben Weil, Julie Daniels
OBJECTIVES: Fibrosis of the vocal fold lamina propria reduces vocal cord vibration resulting in a chronically hoarse voice. We describe a novel approach using umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells in a dehydrated collagen matrix (cellogen) to reconstruct the delicate balance of extracellular matrix within the vocal fold lamina propria whilst limiting the host inflammatory response to the implant. METHODS: Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem-cells were embedded in bovine type I collagen hydrogel and dehydrated using the RAFT™ 3D culture system...
September 8, 2023: Laryngoscope
Maie M Zagloul, Jonathan M Bock, Joel H Blumin, David R Friedland, Jazzmyne A Adams, Ling Tong, Kristen I Osinksi, Masoud Khani, Jake Luo
OBJECTIVES: Limited research exists evaluating the impact of social determinants of health in influencing care pathways for patients with dysphagia. A better understanding of whether these determinants correlate to altered care and resource utilization is essential as it relates to patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: All adult patients seen at a tertiary midwestern hospital were screened for ICD codes of dysphagia diagnoses from 2009 to 2019...
September 8, 2023: Laryngoscope
Pedro Plou, Simona Serioli, Alex Y Alexander, Luciano C P C Leonel, Maria Peris-Celda, Carlos D Pinheiro-Neto
Frontal sinus surgery still represents a challenge due to its complex and highly variable anatomy. In this manuscript, we present a detailed anatomical description of an eyebrow approach that allows full exposure of the frontal sinus with a large osteoplastic bone flap and preservation of the supraorbital nerve. Laryngoscope, 2023.
September 7, 2023: Laryngoscope
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