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Neelima Panth, Matthew C Simpson, Rosh K V Sethi, Mark A Varvares, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters
OBJECTIVES: Incidence trends and outcomes of head and neck cancer (HNC) among female patients are not well understood. The objective of this study was to estimate incidence trends and quantify the association between health insurance status, stage at presentation, and survival among females with HNC. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2007-2014) was queried for females aged ≥18 years diagnosed with a malignant primary head and neck cancer (HNC) (n = 18,923)...
March 22, 2019: Laryngoscope
Meron Teklu, Marta Kulich, Alan G Micco, Kristin Brindisi, Andrew Ferski, Katherine Niekamp, Caroline P E Price, Bruce K Tan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health utility of chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). METHODS: This is a prospective study of 53 patients with chronic ETD recruited from a tertiary clinic from April 2017 to July 2018. The 7-Item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) was administered, and health utility was evaluated using the EuroQol-5 Dimensions-3 Level Instrument (EQ-5D-3L), the visual analogue scale (VAS), time tradeoff (TTO), and standard gamble (SG)...
March 22, 2019: Laryngoscope
Michelle C Juarez, Lisa Ishii, Jason C Nellis, Kristin Bater, Pauline P Huynh, Nicholas Fung, Halley Darrach, Jonathon O Russell, Masaru Ishii
OBJECTIVE: Measure the social attention of thyroid neck scars and transoral surgery using eye tracking. METHODS: Observers viewed images of patients with thyroid neck scars, control patients with no scars, and patients who underwent transoral thyroidectomy as an eye-tracking monitor recorded their eye movements. Hotelling's multivariate analysis, followed by planned posthypothesis testing, were used to compare fixation times for the central triangle (CT), peripheral face, and neck between the three groups...
March 22, 2019: Laryngoscope
Kazuki Hayashi, Masahiro Kikuchi, Yukihiro Imai, Daisuke Yamashita, Megumu Hino, Kyo Ito, Keiji Shimizu, Hiroyuki Harada, Shogo Shinohara
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the usefulness of fused positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) images for surgical planning in patients with oral/oropharyngeal cancer and suspected mandibular invasion. STUDY DESIGN: Individual cohort study. METHODS: Eleven of 17 patients with suspected mandibular invasion of squamous cell carcinoma of the lower gingiva, oropharynx, and buccal mucosa who underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT) and contrast-enhanced MR imaging (MRI) and had fused PET/MR images were enrolled in this study...
March 21, 2019: Laryngoscope
Jerome R Lechien, Sven Saussez, Andrea Nacci, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Alexandra Rodriguez, Serge D Le Bon, Lise Crevier-Buchman, Bernard Harmegnies, Camille Finck, Lee M Akst
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in the development of benign lesions of the vocal folds (BLVF). METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched by three independent investigators for articles published between January 1990 and November 2018 providing substantial information about the role of LPR in the development of nodules, polyps, cysts, Reinke's edema, and sulcus vocalis. Inclusion, exclusion, diagnostic criteria and clinical outcome evaluation of included studies were analyzed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses criteria...
March 20, 2019: Laryngoscope
Joseph K Kim, Nipun Verma, Sean McBride, Nadeem Riaz, Jay O Boyle, Daniel Spielsinger, Christopher Sabol, Todd Waldenberg, Thomas Brinkman, Kaled Alektiar, Nancy Y Lee, C Jillian Tsai
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: We used the National Cancer Database to identify the patterns of care and prognostic factors in adult patients with head and neck soft-tissue sarcoma (HNSTS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database, we identified patients age ≥ 18 years who were diagnosed with HNSTS between 2004 and 2013. Both χ2 and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with radiation therapy (RT) utilization...
March 20, 2019: Laryngoscope
Murat Binar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2019: Laryngoscope
Jae Hoon Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2019: Laryngoscope
Phillip C Song, Hoai Le, Patrick Acuna, Jan Kristopher Palentinos De Guzman, Nutan Sharma, Taylor N Francouer, Marisela E Dy, Criscely L Go
OBJECTIVES: To systematically characterize and describe voice and swallowing manifestations in patients with X-linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) and correlate with quality-of-life (QOL) measures. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with XDP with communication and swallowing difficulties underwent neurological examination, head and neck examination, nasopharyngoscopy, QOL surveys (Swallowing Quality of Life questionnaire [SWAL-QOL] and Voice Handicap Index [VHI]), and functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) to assess the extent of dysfunction...
March 19, 2019: Laryngoscope
Charles E Bishop, Christopher Spankovich, Frank R Lin, Samantha R Seals, Dan Su, Karen Valle, John M Schweinfurth
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to determine the audiological profile of an African American cohort, identify related factors, and compare them to other datasets. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: The Jackson Heart Study (JHS) is a longitudinal cohort study of 5,306 African Americans living in the metropolitan Jackson, Mississippi area, with a focus on cardiometabolic health. The JHS Hearing Study (n = 1,314) was implemented to measure the prevalence of hearing, tinnitus, and balance outcomes and relationship to predictor variables...
March 19, 2019: Laryngoscope
Tam Ramsey, Houmehr Hojjat, Brian Yuhan, Peter F Svider, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe, Syed Naweed Raza, Andrew M Fribley
OBJECTIVES: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma has a unique worldwide racial and geographic distribution. Our objective was to evaluate socioeconomic disparities in the burden of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) between endemic and nonendemic regions. METHODS: To demonstrate trends regarding societal burden of NPC and socioeconomic development, national disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rates and human development indices (HDI) between 1990 and 2015 were evaluated. Countries were divided based on the endemic versus nonendemic presence of NPC and further analyzed by HDI status as specified by the United Nations Development Program...
March 19, 2019: Laryngoscope
Glenn Isaacson
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To trace the evolution of the Sistrunk procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Historical review. METHODS: We reviewed historical materials in the English, French, and German literature including journal articles, book chapters, genealogical sources, and obituaries to identify the emerging concepts leading to the Sistrunk operation. These included references to the embryology of the thyroid and of the branchial apparatus as well as incremental advances in the surgical management of midline congenital cervical cysts and fistulae...
March 19, 2019: Laryngoscope
Lindsey K Koester, Parul Goyal
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Balloon sinuplasty has become an increasingly popular option for patients undergoing surgical treatment of sinusitis. This study analyzes utilization and growth of these procedures across a large cohort of patients over a 5-year period. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data review. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of Medicare utilization and billing data. Utilization and payment values were obtained from Medicare claims data using Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services datasets...
March 18, 2019: Laryngoscope
John D Cramer, Evan M Graboyes, Michael J Brenner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2019: Laryngoscope
Gabriel Rios, Robert J Morrison, Yi Song, Shanik J Fernando, Christopher Wootten, Alexander Gelbard, Haoxiang Luo
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) is a rare and life-threatening condition in which both vocal folds are fixed, resulting in airway obstruction associated with life-threatening respiratory compromise. Treatment of BVFI is largely surgical and remains an unsatisfactory compromise between voice, breathing, and swallowing. No comparisons between currently employed techniques currently exist. We sought to employ computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to delineate the optimal surgical approach for BVFI...
March 18, 2019: Laryngoscope
Lei Xi Chen, Maxence Coulombe, Francois Barthelat, Almoaidbellah Rammal, Luc Mongeau, Karen Kost
OBJECTIVES: Surgical adhesives are increasingly used for vocal fold microsurgery to assist wound closure and reduce the risks of scar formation. Currently used vocal fold adhesives such as fibrin glue, however, have thus far not been found to promote wound closure or reduce scarring. The objectives of this study were to investigate the mechanical strength and the cytotoxicity of three commercially available adhesives (Glubran 2, GEM, Viareggio, Italy; BioGlue, CryoLife, Kennesaw, GA; and Tisseel, Baxter Healthcare, Deerfield, IL) for vocal fold wound closure...
March 18, 2019: Laryngoscope
Eckart Klemm, Andreas Nowak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2019: Laryngoscope
Shawn M Stevens, Zoe A Walters, Kara Babo, Nithin Peddireddy, Kareem O Tawfik, Ravi N Samy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Compare surgical and audiometric outcomes following canal wall reconstruction (CWR) tympanomastoidectomy used as a primary versus secondary approach for treating cholesteatoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. METHODS: Patients treated for primary/secondary cholesteatoma from 2006 to 2017 via CWR were included if they had preoperative/postoperative audiograms, detailed operative note(s), and >12 months' follow-up. Patients were stratified by previous surgical history into two groups: primary CWR group (PG) and secondary CWR group (SG)...
March 18, 2019: Laryngoscope
Kristen L Seligman, Daniel Q Sun, Patrick P Ten Eyck, Nathan M Schularick, Marlan R Hansen
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Carcinomas of the temporal bone are rare, and appropriate treatment, staging, and survival data are limited. This study evaluates clinical characteristics and survival rates for patients with temporal bone carcinoma treated with resection at a single tertiary-care institution, with a focus on the outcomes of patients with locally advanced disease including skull base and/or dural invasion. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Demographic, tumor-specific, and survival data were collected for patients with primary carcinomas of the external auditory canal with involvement of the temporal bone from 2003 to 2015...
March 15, 2019: Laryngoscope
Jennifer L Anderson, Kimberly Vu, Yarah M Haidar, Edward C Kuan, Tjoson Tjoa
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) are the most common congenital neck cyst and typically present in childhood or adolescence, although a subset remains asymptomatic until adulthood. Although treatment involves surgical excision, few large-scale studies exist regarding the risks of surgical treatment of TGDCs in adults. This study aims to describe the characteristics of adult patients undergoing TGDC excision and to analyze risk factors associated with reoperation or other postoperative complications...
March 13, 2019: Laryngoscope
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