Insulin2 Q104del (Kuma) mutant mice develop diabetes with dominant inheritance

Daisuke Sakano, Airi Inoue, Takayuki Enomoto, Mai Imasaka, Seiji Okada, Mutsumi Yokota, Masato Koike, Kimi Araki, Shoen Kume
Scientific Reports 2020 July 22, 10 (1): 12187
Insulin gene mutations have been identified to cause monogenic diabetes, and most of which developed permanent neonatal diabetes at young ages before 6 months of age in humans. To establish an animal model of permanent diabetes, we performed genome editing using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. We generated a novel Kuma mutant mice with p.Q104del in the Insulin2 (Ins2) gene in a BRJ background that exhibits a severe immune deficiency. Kuma mutant mice are non-obese and developed hyperglycemia from 3 weeks after birth in both males and females, which are inherited in a dominant mode. Kuma mutant mice displayed reduced insulin protein levels from 3-weeks-old, which seem to be caused by the low stability of the mutant insulin protein. Kuma mutant showed a reduction in islet size and islet mass. Electron microscopic analysis revealed a marked decrease in the number and size of insulin granules in the beta-cells of the mutant mice. Hyperglycemia of the mutant can be rescued by insulin administration. Our results present a novel insulin mutation that causes permanent early-onset diabetes, which provides a model useful for islet transplantation studies.

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