journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632455/assessing-the-predictive-value-of-insulin-resistance-indices-for-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hadi Bazyar, Ahmad Zare Javid, Mahmood Reza Masoudi, Fatemeh Haidari, Zeinab Heidari, Sohrab Hajializadeh, Vahideh Aghamohammadi, Mehdi Vajdi
Limited research has explored the effectiveness of insulin resistance (IR) in forecasting metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk, especially within the Iranian population afflicted with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present investigation aimed to assess the efficacy of IR indices in predicting the risk of MetS among T2DM patients. Convenient sampling was utilized to select four hundred subjects with T2DM. Metabolic factors and IR indices, including the Waist Circumference-Triglyceride Index (WTI), Triglyceride and Glucose Index (TyG index), the product of TyG index and abdominal obesity indices, and the Metabolic Score for Insulin Resistance (METS-IR), were evaluated...
April 18, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632310/study-on-the-kinetics-of-formation-process-of-emulsion-of-heavy-oil-and-its-functional-group-components
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jinhe Liu, Chengdi Sun, Zengmin Lun, Yao Li, Xinyu Tang, Qingxuan Zhang, Pujiang Yang
Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) by in situ formation of oil-in-water emulsion in heavy oil cold production technology has received growing interest from the petroleum industry. We present an experimental study of emulsification of model oils prepared by heavy oil and its functional group compositions dissolved into toluene brought into contact with a surfactant solution. The effects of functional group composition, emulsifier concentration, temperature, pH and stirring speed on the emulsification rate of heavy oil was investigated...
April 18, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632488/randomized-feature-selection-based-semi-supervised-latent-dirichlet-allocation-for-microbiome-analysis
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Namitha Pais, Nalini Ravishanker, Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, George Weinstock, Dong-Binh Tran
Health and disease are fundamentally influenced by microbial communities and their genes (the microbiome). An in-depth analysis of microbiome structure that enables the classification of individuals based on their health can be crucial in enhancing diagnostics and treatment strategies to improve the overall well-being of an individual. In this paper, we present a novel semi-supervised methodology known as Randomized Feature Selection based Latent Dirichlet Allocation (RFSLDA) to study the impact of the gut microbiome on a subject's health status...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632478/clinical-characteristics-and-cytological-changes-in-mucinous-obstruction-diagnosed-by-dacryoendoscopy
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Doah Kim, Helen Lew
To analyze the clinical characteristics of mucinous obstruction diagnosed by dacryoendoscopy and compared the cytological changes with membranous obstruction using a modified liquid-based thin prep cytology method. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 53 eyes of 51 patients with mucus obstruction based on dacryoendoscopic findings from January 2022 to October 2022. Liquid-based thin-prep cytology was performed by irrigating the inside of the nasolacrimal drainage system with saline during dacryoendoscopy-guided silicone tube intubation...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632477/prognostic-implication-of-1-year-decline-in-diffusing-capacity-in-newly-diagnosed-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyeonsu Lee, So Yeon Kim, Young Sik Park, Sun Mi Choi, Jong Hyuk Lee, Jimyung Park
The progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is assessed through serial monitoring of forced vital capacity (FVC). Currently, data regarding the clinical significance of longitudinal changes in diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is lacking. We investigated the prognostic implications of a 1-year decline in DLCO in 319 patients newly diagnosed with IPF at a tertiary hospital between January 2010 and December 2020. Changes in FVC and DLCO over the first year after the initial diagnosis were reviewed; a decline in FVC ≥ 5% and DLCO ≥ 10% predicted were considered significant changes...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632476/multi-scale-attention-network-msan-for-track-circuits-fault-diagnosis
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Weijie Tao, Xiaowei Li, Jianlei Liu, Zheng Li
As one of the three major outdoor components of the railroad signal system, the track circuit plays an important role in ensuring the safety and efficiency of train operation. Therefore, when a fault occurs, the cause of the fault needs to be found quickly and accurately and dealt with in a timely manner to avoid affecting the efficiency of train operation and the occurrence of safety accidents. This article proposes a fault diagnosis method based on multi-scale attention network, which uses Gramian Angular Field (GAF) to transform one-dimensional time series into two-dimensional images, making full use of the advantages of convolutional networks in processing image data...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632471/the-influence-of-electrical-high-speed-rotation-on-mandibular-third-molar-surgeries-a-prospective-randomized-split-mouth-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Izabella Sol, Karen Rawen Tonini, Karen Santin Dos Reis, Henrique Hadad, Daniela Ponzoni
The aim of this split-mouth randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical outcomes (operative time, edema, trismus, and pain), the immediate histological effects, the alveolar repair (2 and 4 months), and the quality of life after the extraction of impacted third molars using high-speed pneumatic and electrical rotation. Sixteen patients underwent extraction of the two mandibular third molars with a minimum interval of 15 days. On one side of the participant's mouth, high-speed pneumatic rotation was used (Control Group-CG) while for the other side, high-speed electrical rotation was used (Study Group-SG)...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632470/author-correction-tracing-two-decades-of-carbon-emissions-using-a-network-approach
#8
Gianluca Guidi, Rossana Mastrandrea, Angelo Facchini, Tiziano Squartini, Christopher Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632468/coprophagia-in-early-life-tunes-expression-of-immune-genes-after-weaning-in-rabbit-ileum
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L Cauquil, M Beaumont, B Schmaltz-Panneau, L Liaubet, Y Lippi, C Naylies, L Bluy, M Poli, L Gress, C Lencina, V Duranthon, S Combes
Coprophagia by suckling rabbits, i.e. ingestion of feces from their mother, reduces mortality after weaning. We hypothesized that this beneficial effect of coprophagia is immune-mediated at the intestinal level. Therefore, this study investigated immune development after weaning by analyzing the ileal transcriptome at day 35 and 49 in rabbits with differential access to coprophagia in early life. Rabbit pups had access between day 1 and 15 to (i) no feces (NF) or (ii) feces from unrelated does (Foreign Feces, FF) or (iii) feces from unrelated does treated with antibiotics (FFab)...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632467/timm17a-overexpression-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-and-its-association-with-prognosis
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lili Miao, Dejun Wu, Hongyu Zhao, Aiwei Xie
Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), a leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, demands a deeper understanding of its molecular mechanisms and the identification of reliable biomarkers for better diagnosis and targeted therapy. Leveraging data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), the Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC), and the Human Protein Atlas (HPA), we investigated the mRNA and protein expression profiles of TIMM17A and assessed its prognostic significance through Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression analysis...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632465/the-impact-of-co-exposure-to-air-and-noise-pollution-on-the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-from-a-health-checkup-cohort
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jia-Hong Tang, Hong-Lian Jian, Ta-Chien Chan
Previous studies have found associations between the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and exposure to air pollution or road traffic noise. However, investigations on environmental co-exposures are limited. This study aimed to investigate the association between co-exposure to air pollution and road traffic noise and MetS and its subcomponents. Participants living in Taipei City who underwent at least two health checkups between 2010 and 2016 were included in the study. Data were sourced from the MJ Health database, a longitudinal, large-scale cohort in Taiwan...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632464/identifying-key-risk-factors-for-acute-compartment-syndrome-in-tibial-diaphysis-fracture-patients
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ming An, Ruili Jia, Limei Wu, Leilei Ma, Hui Qi, Yubin Long
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a severe orthopedic issue that, if left untreated, can result in lasting nerve and muscle damage or even necessitate amputation. The association between admission laboratory blood test indicators and the occurrence of ACS in patients with tibial diaphysis fractures is currently a subject of debate. The objective of this research was to identify the contributing factors for ACS in individuals suffering from tibial diaphysis fractures. In this retrospective study, we collected data on a total of 705 individuals from our hospital, comprising 86 ACS patients and 619 non-ACS patients with tibial diaphysis fractures...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632459/large-enhancement-of-red-upconversion-luminescence-in-beta-ba-2-sc-0-67-yb-0-3-er-0-03-alo-5-phosphor-via-mn-2-ions-doping-for-thermometry
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yongtao Liu, Bin Duan, Lin Zhou, Yuxiang Wu, Fengyi Wang, Changchun Ding, Junshan Hu
Here, this study reports single-band red upconversion emission in β-Ba2 ScAlO5 : Yb3+ /Er3+ phosphor by doping Mn2+ . The optimum concentration of Mn2+ ions in β-Ba2 ScAlO5 : Yb3+ /Er3+ phosphor was 0.20. The intensity of red and green emissions is increased by 27.4 and 19.3 times, respectively. Compared with the samples without Mn2+ ions, the red-green integral strength ratio of β-Ba2 ScAlO5 : Yb3+ /Er3+ /Mn2+ sample was significantly increased by 28.4 times, reaching 110.9. The UCL mechanism was explored by analyzing the down-conversion luminescence spectra, absorption spectra, UCL spectra, and upconversion fluorescence lifetime decay curves of Yb3+ /Er3+ /Mn2+ co-doped β-Ba2 ScAlO5 ...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632453/comparing-three-cardiothoracic-ratio-measurement-techniques-and-creating-multivariable-scoring-system-to-predict-bart-s-hydrops-fetalis-at-17-22%C3%A2-weeks-gestation
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sanitra Anuwutnavin, Patsawee Rangseechamrat, Nalat Sompagdee, Pornpimol Ruangvutilert, Sommai Viboonchard
To assess the diagnostic performance of three cardiothoracic (CT) ratio techniques, including diameter, circumference, and area, for predicting hemoglobin (Hb) Bart's disease between 17 and 22 weeks' gestation, and to create a multivariable scoring system using multiple ultrasound markers. Before invasive testing, three CT ratio techniques and other ultrasound markers were obtained in 151 singleton pregnancies at risk of Hb Bart's disease. CT diameter ratio demonstrated the highest sensitivity among the other techniques...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632436/convolutional-spiking-neural-networks-for-intent-detection-based-on-anticipatory-brain-potentials-using-electroencephalogram
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nathan Lutes, Venkata Sriram Siddhardh Nadendla, K Krishnamurthy
Spiking neural networks (SNNs) are receiving increased attention because they mimic synaptic connections in biological systems and produce spike trains, which can be approximated by binary values for computational efficiency. Recently, the addition of convolutional layers to combine the feature extraction power of convolutional networks with the computational efficiency of SNNs has been introduced. This paper studies the feasibility of using a convolutional spiking neural network (CSNN) to detect anticipatory slow cortical potentials (SCPs) related to braking intention in human participants using an electroencephalogram (EEG)...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632432/retraction-note-evaluating-the-role-of-propolis-and-bee-venom-on-the-oxidative-stress-induced-by-gamma-rays-in-rats
#16
Eithar K El Adham, Amal I Hassan, M M A Dawoud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632431/investigation-of-morpho-physiolgical-traits-and-gene-expression-in-barley-under-nitrogen-deficiency
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zohreh Hajibarat, Abbas Saidi, Habibollah Ghazvini, Zahra Hajibarat
Nitrogen (N) is an essential element for plant growth, and its deficiency influences plants at several physiological and gene expression levels. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is one of the most important food grains from the Poaceae family and one of the most important staple food crops. However, the seed yield is limited by a number of stresses, the most important of which is the insufficient use of N. Thus, there is a need to develop N-use effective cultivars. In this study, comparative physiological and molecular analyses were performed using leaf and root tissues from 10 locally grown barley cultivars...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632415/recovery-of-neurophysiological-measures-in-post-covid-fatigue-a-12-month-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Natalie J Maffitt, Maria Germann, Anne M E Baker, Mark R Baker, Stuart N Baker, Demetris S Soteropoulos
One of the major consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic has been the significant incidence of persistent fatigue following resolution of an acute infection (i.e. post-COVID fatigue). We have shown previously that, in comparison to healthy controls, those suffering from post-COVID fatigue exhibit changes in muscle physiology, cortical circuitry, and autonomic function. Whether these changes preceded infection, potentially predisposing people to developing post-COVID fatigue, or whether the changes were a consequence of infection was unclear...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632394/phase-change-behavior-of-rusbte-thin-film-for-photonic-applications-with-amplitude-only-modulation
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shogo Hatayama, Kotaro Makino, Yuta Saito
Ge2 Sb2 Te5 (GST), the most mature phase-change materials (PCM), functions as a recoding layer in nonvolatile memory and optical discs by contrasting the physical properties upon phase transition between amorphous and crystalline phases. However, GST faces challenges such as a large extinction coefficient (k) and low thermal stability of the amorphous phase. In this study, we introduce RuSbTe as a new PCM to address the GST concerns. Notably, the crystallization temperature of the amorphous RuSbTe is approximately 350 °C, significantly higher than GST...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632390/antsx-neuroimaging-derived-structural-phenotypes-of-uk-biobank
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicholas J Tustison, Michael A Yassa, Batool Rizvi, Philip A Cook, Andrew J Holbrook, Mithra T Sathishkumar, Mia G Tustison, James C Gee, James R Stone, Brian B Avants
UK Biobank is a large-scale epidemiological resource for investigating prospective correlations between various lifestyle, environmental, and genetic factors with health and disease progression. In addition to individual subject information obtained through surveys and physical examinations, a comprehensive neuroimaging battery consisting of multiple modalities provides imaging-derived phenotypes (IDPs) that can serve as biomarkers in neuroscience research. In this study, we augment the existing set of UK Biobank neuroimaging structural IDPs, obtained from well-established software libraries such as FSL and FreeSurfer, with related measurements acquired through the Advanced Normalization Tools Ecosystem...
April 17, 2024: Scientific Reports
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