SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
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Available and future treatments for atypical parkinsonism. A systematic review.

AIMS: Success in treating patients with atypical parkinsonian syndromes, namely progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), cortico-basal degeneration (CBD), multiple system atrophy (MSA), Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD), and Lewy body dementia with (LBD), remains exceedingly low. The present work overviews the most influential research literature collected on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Scopus for available treatment in atypical parkinsonisms without time restriction.

DISCUSSION: Transdermal rotigotine, autologous mesenchymal stem cells, tideglusib, and coenzyme Q10 along with donepezil, rivastigmine, memantine, and the deep brain stimulation have shown some benefits in alleviating symptoms in APS. Moreover, many new clinical trials are ongoing testing microtubule stabilizer, antitau monoclonal antibody, tau acetylation inhibition, cell replacement, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, active immunization, inhibition of toxic α-synuclein oligomers formation, and inhibition of microglia.

CONCLUSION: A detailed knowledge of the pathological mechanism underlying the disorders is needed, and disease-modifying therapies are required to offer better therapeutic options to physician and caregivers of APS patients.

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