OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

Laurence Dangers, Nicholas Bréchot, Matthieu Schmidt, Guillaume Lebreton, Guillaume Hékimian, Ania Nieszkowska, Sébastien Besset, Jean-Louis Trouillet, Jean Chastre, Pascal Leprince, Alain Combes, Charles-Edouard Luyt
Critical Care Medicine 2017, 45 (8): 1359-1366
28471885

OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcomes of patients treated with venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute decompensated heart failure (i.e., cardiogenic shock complicating chronic cardiomyopathy) have not yet been reported. This study was undertaken to describe their outcomes and determine mortality-associated factors.

DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data prospectively collected.

SETTING: Twenty-six-bed tertiary hospital ICU.

PATIENTS: One hundred five patients implanted with venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute decompensated heart failure.

INTERVENTION: None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: From March 2007 to January 2015, 105 patients were implanted with venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute decompensated heart failure in our ICU (67% of them had an intraaortic balloon pump to unload the left ventricle). Their 1-year survival rate was 42%; most of the survivors were transplanted either directly or after switching to central bilateral centrifugal pump, ventricular-assist device, or total artificial heart. Most deaths occurred early after multiple organ failure. Multivariable analyses retained (odds ratio [95% CI]) pre-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score of more than 11 (3.3 [1.3-8.3]), idiopathic cardiomyopathy (0.4 [0.2-1]), cardiac disease duration greater than 2 years pre-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (2.8 [1.2-6.9]), and pre-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation blood lactate greater than 4 mmol/L (2.6 [1.03-6.4]) as independent predictors of 1-year mortality. Only 17% of patients with pre-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores of 14 or more survived, whereas 52% of those with scores less than 7 and 60% of those with scores 7 or more and less than 11 were alive 1 year later.

CONCLUSIONS: Among this selected cohort of 105 patients implanted with venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute decompensated heart failure, 1-year survival was 42%, but better for patients with pre-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores of less than 11. Venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation should be considered for patients with acute decompensated heart failure, but timing of implantation is crucial.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28471885
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"