JOURNAL ARTICLE

Meniett Therapy for Ménière's Disease: An Updated Meta-analysis

Su-Lin Zhang, Yangming Leng, Bo Liu, Hao Shi, Meixia Lu, Wei-Jia Kong
Otology & Neurotology 2016, 37 (3): 290-8
26808558

OBJECTIVE: To re-evaluate the efficacy of Meniett therapy for the treatment of Ménière's disease (MD).

DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials.gov, ChiCTR, and the CNKI database were searched for articles in English and Chinese published before August 31, 2015.

STUDY SELECTION: Included in this meta-analysis were studies that dealt with outcomes of Meniett therapy for the treatment of MD, including randomized controlled clinical trials, case-control studies, and prospective or retrospective cohort studies, with sample sizes of ≥ 10 subjects.

DATA EXTRACTION: Keywords included endolymphatic hydrops, Ménière's disease, pressure, Meniett, and transtympanic micropressure treatment.

DATA SYNTHESIS: Fourteen studies were included, involving a total of 345 MD patients. Data were analyzed using the Meta package in R. Dichotomous outcomes were expressed as risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals, and weighted mean differences with 95% confidence intervals were used to present continuous outcomes. Heterogeneity of the included studies was quantitatively assessed by χ(2) and I tests. Fixed-effects models were used for I(2) <50%; otherwise, random-effects models were used. Funnel plots were constructed to test the publication bias.

CONCLUSION: This study showed that Meniett therapy may prevent vertigo attacks and substantially reduce its frequency in MD patients. It may also alleviate the functional deficit. The impact of Meniett therapy on hearing remains uncertain. The optimal effect might maintain for approximately 18 months. This meta-analysis suggested that Meniett therapy may be a useful second-line therapy in the treatment of MD.

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