Rosuvastatin: a risk-benefit assessment for intensive lipid lowering

Keith C Ferdinand
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 2005, 6 (11): 1897-910
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the US and other industrialised societies. Rosuvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, is the most efficacious lipid-lowering agent of the statin class. New guidelines and recent evidence-based studies confirm the benefit of intensive reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in terms of cardiovascular risk reduction. Both naturally occurring and synthetic statins have demonstrated significant lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the primary target of cholesterol-lowering therapy. Rosuvastatin, specifically, is a synthetic statin shown to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides, in addition to increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Compared with other statins, there is a similar low risk of serious muscle damage (myopathy and rhabdomyolysis), and no consistent pattern of renal failure or renal injury, despite mild transient tubular proteinuria, as seen with all statins. Therefore, rosuvastatin offers an effective alternative in the clinical management of hyperlipidaemia, while awaiting the results of ongoing cardiovascular risk reduction trials.

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