Essential role of insulin-like growth factor I receptor in insulin-induced fetal brown adipocyte differentiation

Cecilia Mur, Mónica Arribas, Manuel Benito, Angela M Valverde
Endocrinology 2003, 144 (2): 581-93
To define the specific role of IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) in adipogenic and thermogenic differentiation of brown adipocytes during late fetal life, we have established immortalized brown adipocyte cell lines from fetuses of IGF-IR-deficient mice (IGF-IR(-/-)) as well as from wild-type mice (IGF-IR(+/+)). IGF-IR(-/-) cells showed an increased insulin sensitivity regarding insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) tyrosine phosphorylation despite a substantial reduction in IRS-1 protein content. Furthermore, insulin-induced total and IRS-1-associated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activities were augmented in IGF-IR-deficient cells compared with wild-type cells. Downstream phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activation of Akt, but not p70s6 kinase, were elicited at lower doses of insulin in IGF-IR(-/-) brown adipocytes. Activation of protein kinase Czeta by insulin was similar in both cell types as was insulin-induced glucose uptake. Treatment of wild-type brown adipocytes with insulin for 12 h up-regulated fatty acid synthase (FAS) and adipocyte determination and differentiation (ADD1/SREBP) mRNAs; this effect was impaired in the absence of IGF-IR. At the protein level, insulin increased FAS content and the amount of the mature form of adipocyte determination and differentiation (ADD1/SREBP) in the nucleus in wild-type cells, but not in IGF-IR(-/-) cells. Furthermore, 24 h of insulin stimulation induced the expression of both uncoupling protein-1 and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) in wild-type brown adipocytes; these effects were abolished in IGF-I-R(-/-) cells. Retrovirus-mediated reexpression of peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in IGF-IR(-/-) brown adipocytes could overcome FAS mRNA impairment, bypassing insulin signaling. However, insulin further increased FAS mRNA expression in C/EBPalpha-IGF-IR(-/-) cells, but not in PPARgamma-IGF-IR(-/-) cells. In addition, fetal brown adipocytes lacking IGF-IR up-regulated uncoupling protein-1 expression in the absence of insulin when PPARgamma, but not C/EBPalpha, was overexpressed. These data provide strong evidence for a critical role of IGF-IR in the differentiation of the brown adipocyte phenotype in fetal life; this effect is mimicked by PPARgamma in an insulin-independent manner.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"