Acute confusional migraine and migrainous infarction in childhood.
We report two children with acute confusional migraine (ACM) and another with migrainous infarction (MI), aged 7-12 years. There was a family history of migraine in all patients. The patients, who were all right-handed, all manifested sudden onset of consciousness disturbance and other neurological deficits as the first aura in their life. The symptoms in all cases almost completely resolved spontaneously within 24 h, but transient occipital slowing on EEG with laterality corresponding to the side of migrainous origin lasted more than 24 h. In the cases of ACM in the critical phase, although MRI and MR angiography showed no abnormal findings, IMP-SPECT performed within 48 h of migraine attacks revealed a regional change in cerebral blood flow, which is one particular case demonstrated hypoperfusion in the left posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory. Therefore, although ACM was diagnosed clinically by exclusion, SPECT was thought helpful for the diagnosis of ACM. We speculated that transient hypoperfusion affecting the dominant-sided PCA territory involving the medial temporal structures was responsible for the confusion with amnesia in ACM, in contrast to the lack of confusion or amnesia in the case of MI showing cystic encephalomalacia in the right thalamic and hippocampal regions.
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