Bone sarcomas in Paget disease: a study of 85 patients

J Smith, J F Botet, S D Yeh
Radiology 1984, 152 (3): 583-90
This is a comprehensive review of 85 patients who had bone sarcoma associated with Paget disease and who were seen at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1927 and 1982. There was an almost equal distribution of tumors in the axial and the appendicular skeletons. The pelvis, humerus, femur, and skull were the tumor sites in 80% of cases. The tumors were bulky large soft tissue masses. Lytic lesions were more common than sclerotic lesions. Mixed lytic and sclerotic lesions were much less common than either single type. Periosteal reaction was uncommon and found in less than 7%. Methylene diphosphonate scans of the bone often showed a cold area that was associated with marked increase in uptake on the gallium scan. Angiography, which was performed in 13 patients, was useful, but CT was much more helpful in showing the soft tissue mass as well as the extent of bony disease. Only three patients in this study survived for five years. Present chemotherapy protocols were disappointing in the treatment of this highly lethal tumor.

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