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The chromosomal characteristics of spontaneous abortion and its potential associated copy number variants and genes.

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between chromosomal abnormalities in spontaneous abortion with clinical features and seek copy number variations (CNVs) and genes that might be connected to spontaneous abortion.

METHODS: Over 7 years, we used CNV-seq and STR analysis to study POCs, comparing chromosomal abnormalities with clinical features and identifying critical CNVs and genes associated with spontaneous abortion.

RESULTS: Total chromosomal variants in the POCs were identified in 66.8% (2169/3247) of all cases, which included 45.2% (1467/3247) numerical abnormalities and 21.6% (702/3247) copy number variants (CNVs). Chromosome number abnormalities, especially aneuploidy abnormalities, were more pronounced in the group of mothers aged ≥ 35 years, the early miscarriage group, and the chorionic villi group. We further analyzed 212 pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNVs in 146 POCs as well as identified 8 statistically significant SORs through comparison with both a healthy population and a group of non-spontaneously aborted fetuses. Our analysis suggests that these CNVs may play a crucial role in spontaneous abortion. Furthermore, by utilizing the RVIS score and MGI database, we identified 86 genes associated with spontaneous abortion, with particular emphasis on PARP6, ISLR, ULK3, FGFRL1, TBC1D14, SCRIB, and PLEC.

CONCLUSION: We found variability in chromosomal abnormalities across clinical features, identifying eight crucial copy number variations (CNVs) and multiple key genes that may be linked to spontaneous abortion. This research enhances the comprehension of genetic factors contributing to spontaneous abortion.

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