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Comparison of stereotactic aspiration surgery and conventional treatment for primary brainstem haemorrhage.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of stereotactic aspiration surgery and conventional treatment for primary brainstem haemorrhage.

METHODS: The clinical data of 137 patients with primary brain stem haemorrhage (haematoma volume > 3 ml) from August 2014 to August 2022 at the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University were reviewed. Sixty-five patients were treated with stereotactic haematoma aspiration, and 72 patients were treated with conventional therapy. We followed up on patient survival after 30 days and the recovery of neurological function after 90 days. The recovery of neurological function was evaluated by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 90 days after treatment. The mortality and neurological recovery rates of the two treatments were compared and analysed.

RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the 30-day mortality rate between the two treatment groups (p < 0.05). There was a significant difference in neurological function improvement after 90 days between the two treatment groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between stereotactic aspiration and routine treatment in the prognosis of primary brainstem haemorrhage patients at 90 days after treatment (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Stereotactic aspiration surgery for primary brain stem haemorrhage can significantly reduce mortality and improve the neurological function of some patients.

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