JOURNAL ARTICLE
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VEXAS syndrome, a new kid on the block of auto-inflammatory diseases: A hematologist's point of view.

The recently discovered VEXAS syndrome is caused by the clonal expansion of hematopoietic stem or progenitor cells with acquired mutations in UBA1 gene, which encodes for a key enzyme of the ubiquitylation proteasome system. As a result, a shorter cytoplasmic isoform of UBA1 is transcribed, which is non-functional. The disease is characterized by non-specific and highly heterogeneous inflammatory manifestations and macrocytic anemia. VEXAS syndrome is a unique acquired hematological monogenic disease with unexpected association with hematological neoplasms. Despite its hematopoetic origin, patients with VEXAS syndrome usually present with multi-systemicinflammatory disease and are treated by physicians from many different specialties (rheumatologists, dermatologists, hematologistis, etc.). Furthermore, manifestations of VEXAS may fulfill criteria for existing diseases: relapsing polychondritis, giant cell arteritis, polyarteritis nodosa, and myelodysplastic syndrome. The goal of this review is to depict VEXAS syndrome from a hematologic point of view regarding its consequences on hematopoiesis and the current strategies on therapeutic interventions.

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