[Anesthetic management of a pneumothorax patient with complete situs inversus]

Hitomi Iwata, Naoki Fukuhara, Hirotaka Iizuka, Masanori Kanai, Masayuki Oshima
Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 2014, 63 (10): 1103-5
We experienced a case of pneumothorax in a patient with complete situs inversus. A 30-year-old man was scheduled for partial resection of the left lung under video assisted thoracic surgery. He had asymptomatic complete situs inversus. We advanced a bronchial blocker easily into the left (anatomically right) main bronchus under fiberoptic guidance. One lung ventilation during the operation was performed successfully. The chest X-ray after the surgery showed an atelectasis of the left upper lobe. After endotracheal suction, we extubated him and noticed improvement of atelectasis. There are several ways of one lung ventilation in patients with situs inversus. To use a bronchial blocker is one of the effective choices. However, in some cases, it is necessary to consider using a double-lumen tube depending on the case considering the anatomical structure and the characteristics of the procedure.

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