JOURNAL ARTICLE

Relationship between N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide plasma levels and renal function evaluated with different formulae in older adult subjects admitted because of dyspnea

Fabio Fabbian, Alfredo De Giorgi, Francesco Portaluppi, Giovanni Zuliani
Gerontology 2012, 58 (1): 50-5
21540563

BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) plasma levels are associated with congestive heart failure severity, and are an important diagnostic tool for assessing patients with acute dyspnea. Reduced renal function increases NT-proBNP concentrations, and therefore it might be a confounding factor in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to relate NT-proBNP plasma levels to different stages of renal function assessed with different methods in older adult subjects admitted because of dyspnea.

METHODS: NT-proBNP plasma levels (Roche Diagnostic, Mannheim, Germany) were measured in 134 older adult patients (age: 80 ± 6 years) admitted to hospital because of dyspnea. Anthropometrics, anamnesis, and biochemical data were collected. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was evaluated with different equations, the 4 variables MDRD equations (GFR(MDRD186), GFR(MDRD175)), Mayo Clinic Quadratic formula (GFR(MAYO)), and the new CKD-EPI formula (GFR(CKD-EPI)). Patients were classified into the five K/DOQI stages of CKD and median NT-proBNP values were calculated evaluating their relationship with GFR.

RESULTS: Median NT-proBNP values were better stratified into the five K/DOQI stages by GFR(MAYO) (stage 1 (n = 10) 1,640 pg/ml vs. stage 2 (n = 61) 2,371 pg/ml vs. stage 3 (n = 42) 3,815 pg/ml vs. stage 4 (n = 18) 6,320 pg/ml vs. stage 5 (n = 3) 7,256 pg/ml, p = 0.017). However, similar results were obtained with the other formulae. NT-proBNP was negatively correlated with GFR as evaluated with all the different formulae (r -0.25 to -0.29; all p < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis confirmed the independent association between LnNT-proBNP and GFR.

CONCLUSION: NT-proBNP plasma levels progressively increase with worsening of renal function, and appear to be related to the five K/DOQI stages of CKD. For this purpose, GFR assessed with the GFR(MAYO) formula appears to better stratify NT-proBNP in older adult subjects. Renal function should be considered when interpreting NT-proBNP levels in older adult patients admitted for dyspnoea.

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