JOURNAL ARTICLE

Distribution of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 risk alleles for warfarin sensitivity and resistance in the Israeli population

Edna Efrati, Hela Elkin, Eli Sprecher, Norberto Krivoy
Current Drug Safety 2010 July 2, 5 (3): 190-3
20210733

PURPOSE: This study was designed to delineate the relative frequency of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 polymorphisms known to affect warfarin response in the highly heterogeneous Israeli population.

METHODS: Frequencies of CYP2C9 allelic variants CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3 and of VKORC1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (snps) -1639G>A and D36Y were determined in genomic DNA of 438 healthy unrelated Israeli volunteers of Jewish, Druze and Arab Moslem descent, using allele specific PCR-RFLP. Genotyping results obtained were confirmed by probe free High Resolution Melt (HRM) Technology.

RESULTS: Arab Moslems had a higher frequency of warfarin "sensitive" CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3 and VKROC1 -1639G>A alleles (0.21, 0.07 and 0.58, respectively) than both Jews (0.13, 0.11 and 0.57, respectively) and Druze (0.12, 0.06 and 0.53, respectively). Statistically significant differences were found in CYP2C9*2 between Druze and Moslems (p=0.01) and between Jews and Moslems (p=0.016) and in CYP2C9*3 between Druze and Jews (p=0.0086). VKORC1(-1639G>A) was the major gene polymorphism associated with warfarin sensitivity in all 3 subpopulations. In contrast, the warfarin "resistant" VKORC1 D36Y allele was very rare in the Israeli population (0-0.015). The results presented demonstrate that allelic variants in CYP2C9 and VKORC1 are very common in Israel with approximately 95% of Jews, approximately 84% of Druze and approximately 91% of Arab Moslems manifesting at least one known warfarin "sensitive" or "resistant" allele.

CONCLUSIONS: Individualized genotype based warfarin therapy is highly relevant in the Israeli population due to the high incidence of genetic variations associated with warfarin sensitivity in all 3 non-mixing subpopulations tested.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20210733
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"