Abnormal epidermal differentiation and impaired epithelial-mesenchymal tissue interactions in mice lacking the retinoblastoma relatives p107 and p130

Sergio Ruiz, Carmen Segrelles, Ana Bravo, Mirentxu Santos, Paloma Perez, Hugo Leis, Jose L Jorcano, Jesús M Paramio
Development 2003, 130 (11): 2341-53
The functions of p107 and p130, members of the retinoblastoma family, include the control of cell cycle progression and differentiation in several tissues. Our previous studies suggested a role for p107 and p130 in keratinocyte differentiation in vitro. We now extend these data using knockout animal models. We found impaired terminal differentiation in the interfollicular keratinocytes of p107/p130-double-null mice epidermis. In addition, we observed a decreased number of hair follicles and a clear developmental delay in hair, whiskers and tooth germs. Skin grafts of p107/p130-deficient epidermis onto NOD/scid mice showed altered differentiation and hyperproliferation of the interfollicular keratinocytes, thus demonstrating that the absence of p107 and p130 results in the deficient control of differentiation in keratinocytes in a cell-autonomous manner. Besides normal hair formation, follicular cysts, misoriented and dysplastic follicles, together with aberrant hair cycling, were also observed in the p107/p130 skin transplants. Finally, the hair abnormalities in p107/p130-null skin were associated with altered Bmp4-dependent signaling including decreased DeltaNp63 expression. These results indicate an essential role for p107 and p130 in the epithelial-mesenchimal interactions.

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