Examination, prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: recommendations and reality

A Kirchgatterer, H H Wenzl, G Aschl, M Hinterreiter, B Stadler, T A Hinterleitner, W Petritsch, P Knoflach
Acta Medica Austriaca 2002, 29 (4): 120-3

BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing osteopenia and osteoporosis. Our aim was to evaluate the current practices of examination, prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in IBD patients in a routine clinical setting.

METHODS: A total of 154 consecutive patients with IBD (63 female, 91 male; 36 ulcerative colitis, 115 Crohn's disease, 3 indeterminate colitis), referred to two gastroenterological units for scheduled follow-up examinations, were included. Patient charts were evaluated regarding bone densitometry already performed and any prophylactic or therapeutic interventions in cases of low bone mineral density.

RESULTS: Bone mineral density (BMD) measurements had been performed only in 38 patients (25%). BMD was abnormally low in 27 of the examined patients (71%), 20 of whom had osteopenia and seven had osteoporosis. Among the subgroup of patients on long-term steroid therapy (77 patients), 30 had been referred to bone densitometry during the course of disease, and 21 of them were found to have low bone mineral density. Preventive measures were prescribed in 12 patients (9% of the whole study population). In the majority of the patients with low bone mineral density, calcium and vitamin D were used as treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite the high prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in patients with IBD, only a minority of these patients were included in a structured program in accordance with modern guidelines for diagnosing and preventing this extraintestinal complication in a routine clinical setting.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"