JOURNAL ARTICLE

A new locus for autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy in a large consanguineous Tunisian family maps to chromosome 19q13.3

A Driss, R Amouri, C Ben Hamida, S Souilem, N Gouider-Khouja, M Ben Hamida, F Hentati
Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD 2000, 10 (4): 240-6
10838249
Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies represent a genetically heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by a progressive involvement of skeletal muscles. They show a wide spectrum of clinical courses, varying from very mild to severe. Eight loci responsible for autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies have been mapped and six defective genes identified. In this study, we report the clinical data, muscle biopsy findings and results of genetic linkage analysis in a large consanguineous Tunisian family with 13 individuals suffering from autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Clinical features include variable age of onset, proximal limb muscle weakness and wasting predominantly affecting the pelvic girdle, and variable course between siblings. CK rate was usually high in younger patients. Muscle biopsy showed dystrophic changes with normal expression of dystrophin and various proteins of the dystrophin-associated protein complex (sarcoglycan sub-units, dystroglycan, and sarcospan). Genetic linkage analysis excluded the known limb-girdle muscular dystrophies loci as well as ten additional candidate genes. A maximum LOD score of 4.36 at θ=0.00 was obtained with marker D19S606, mapping this new form of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy to chromosome 19q13.3.

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