RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Glucose intolerance and 23-year risk of coronary heart disease and total mortality: the Honolulu Heart Program.

Diabetes Care 1999 August
OBJECTIVE: The associations between glucose intolerance measured at the study entry date and the 23-year incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD), CHD mortality, and total mortality were examined at the Honolulu Heart Program.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This prospective study followed a cohort of 8,006 Japanese-American men who were 45-68 years old and living on the island of Oahu, HI, in 1965. Baseline glucose was measured in a nonfasting state 1 h after a 50-g glucose load. History and use of medication for diabetes was obtained during an interview. The cohort was divided into four categories of glucose tolerance: low-normal, high-normal, asymptomatic hyperglycemia, and known diabetes.

RESULTS: During the 23 years of follow-up, 864 incident cases of CHD, 384 deaths from CHD, and 2,166 total deaths occurred. The relative risks (RRs) were obtained using Cox proportional hazards modeling, with the low-normal category as a reference. The RRs were adjusted for age only, as well as for age, BMI, hypertension, cholesterol, triglycerides, smoking, alcohol, and a Japanese diet index. The age-adjusted and risk factor-adjusted RRs for all outcomes were significant for the asymptomatic hyperglycemic and known diabetes groups (P<0.05). The age-adjusted RRs for CHD incidence and total mortality were marginally significant in the high-normal group, but the RRs were not significant when adjusted for risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest a dose-response relation of glucose intolerance at baseline with CHD incidence, CHD mortality, and total mortality, independent of other risk factors, in this cohort of middle-aged and older Japanese-American men.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app