Patient-ventilator interaction during synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation. Effects of flow triggering

R Giuliani, L Mascia, F Recchia, A Caracciolo, T Fiore, V M Ranieri
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1995, 151 (1): 1-9
Synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) intermixes assisted and spontaneous breaths. Its ability as a weaning technique has been questioned on the basis that patients show little adaptation to ventilator assistance. We studied inspiratory effort and patient-ventilator interaction at different levels (SIMV, 100, 50, and 0%) of flow-triggered SIMV versus pressure-triggered SIMV in patients during the weaning period. The two triggering systems were evaluated during constant flow and constant pressure mandatory SIMV breaths. Inspiratory effort was estimated as the esophageal pressure time product (PTP) per breath (PTP/b) and per minute (PTP/min). The PTP/b and PTP/min of both mandatory and spontaneous breaths were significantly lower during flow triggering than during pressure triggering SIMV, irrespective of the ventilatory mode. During pressure-triggered SIMV PTP/b and PTP/min were identical for mandatory and spontaneous breaths, whereas during flow-triggered SIMV PTP/b and PTP/min were significantly lower for mandatory than for spontaneous breaths. This difference was greatest when flow triggering and constant pressure ventilation were associated. These data show that flow triggering reduces inspiratory effort during both mandatory and spontaneous SIMV breaths and obtains a better patient-ventilator interaction.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"