JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Therapy for patients with chronic phase-chronic myeloid leukemia previously treated with ⩾2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors: a systematic literature review.

BACKGROUND: ATP-competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the current standard of care for patients with chronic phase-chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML) in the first-line and second-line (2 L) setting. Treatment after 2 L is not clearly established.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to summarize the available evidence to compare the efficacy and safety of interventions in the treatment of CP-CML patients who had received ⩾2 prior TKIs.

DESIGN: A systematic literature review was performed.

DATA SOURCE AND METHODS: A systematic literature review (SLR) of studies published until May 2021, reporting clinical outcomes in adult patients with CP-CML who had received ⩾ 2 prior TKIs was performed. Studies were identified through the database searches via Ovid platform (Embase, MEDLINE Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), bibliographic search of relevant reviews, and proceedings from the previous 3 years of the key conferences in the field of oncology.

RESULTS: Our search identified 38 relevant studies. Among the identified studies of the current third-line treatments, the major molecular response (MMR) rate for ponatinib was 19.0-66.7%, 23.3-25.5% for asciminib, 19.2% for omacetaxine, and 13.2% for bosutinib at 6 months. The complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) rate was 21.4-64.8% for ponatinib, 38.7-40.8% for asciminib, 18-24.2% for bosutinib, and 16.1% for omacetaxine at 6 months.

CONCLUSION: The findings from current SLR demonstrated the lack of data for patients with CML treated with ⩾2 TKIs. TKIs such as asciminib, ponatinib, and bosutinib are valid options for those patients. Further research is needed to identify the best treatment option for patients with CML receiving later lines of therapy.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app