Diagnosis and therapy of pancreas divisum by ERCP: a single center experience

Tarun Rustagi, Michael Golioto
Journal of Digestive Diseases 2013, 14 (2): 93-9

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnosis and endoscopic management of pancreas divisum with results from long-term experience at our institution.

METHODS: A prospectively collected database of all patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with the diagnosis of pancreas divisum at our institution from January 2001 to April 2010 was retrospectively analyzed.

RESULTS: A total of 45 patients were identified with pancreas divisum with 62 ERCP procedures. The major indication for ERCP included pancreatitis in 33 patients (73.3%), of whom 18 had idiopathic recurrent acute pancreatitis, 8 had recurrent pancreatic-type pain and 7 had chronic pancreatitis. The median size of the incision of sphincterotomy was 5 mm (range 3-8 mm). In all 37 patients (82.2%) underwent placement of stent into the dorsal pancreatic duct, with a median stent size of 5 Fr by 7 cm (range 3-10 Fr by 3-12 cm). The overall response rate was 75.8%.

CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of finding pancreas divisum during ERCP varies among institutions and is low compared with the autopsy series, given that many patients may remain asymptomatic or might not undergo ERCP even if the symptoms develop. Our study is the first to describe specific procedure-related details during therapeutic endoscopy for pancreas divisum.

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