Determination of tegaserod by LC-ESI-MS/MS and its application to a pharmacokinetic study in healthy Chinese volunteers

Jian-Jun Zou, Xiao-Jie Bian, Li Ding, Yu-Bin Zhu, Hong-Wei Fan, Da-Wei Xiao
Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 2008 January 1, 861 (1): 151-7
A simple, rapid and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) assay for determination of tegaserod in human plasma using diazepam as internal standard (IS) was established. After adjustment to a basic pH with sodium hydroxide, plasma was extracted by ethyl acetate and separated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on a reversed-phase C18 column with a mobile phase of methanol: 5 mM ammonium acetate (75:25, v/v, adjusting the pH to 3.5 with glacial acetic acid). The quantification of target compounds was obtained by using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions; m/z 302.5, 173.2 and 285.4, 193.2 were measured in positive mode for tegaserod and internal standard (diazepam), respectively. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 0.05 ng/ml. The calibration curves were linear over the range 0.05-8.0 ng/ml (r=0.9996) for tegaserod. The mean absolute recovery of tegaserod was more than 85.56%. Intra- and inter-day variability values were less than 9.21% and 10.02%, respectively. The samples were stable for 8h under room temperature (25 degrees C, three freeze-thaw cycles in 30 days and for 30 days under -70 degrees C). After administration of a single dose of tegaserod maleate 4 mg, 6 mg and 12 mg, respectively, the area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from time 0 h to 12 h (AUC0-12) were (2.89+/-0.88), (5.32+/-1.21) and (9.38+/-3.42) ng h/ml, respectively; peak plasma concentration (Cmax) were (1.25+/-0.53), (2.21+/-0.52) and (4.34+/-1.66) ng/ml, respectively; apparent volume of distribution (Vd/F) were (6630.5+/-2057.8), (7615.2+/-2242.8) and (7163.7+/-2057.2) l, respectively; clearance rate (CL/F) were (1851.4+/-496.9), (1596.2+/-378.5) and (1894.2+/-459.3) l/h, respectively; time to Cmax (Tmax) were (1.00+/-0.21), (1.05+/-0.28) and (1.04+/-0.16) h, respectively; and elimination half-life (t1/2) were (3.11+/-0.78), (3.93+/-0.92) and (3.47+/-0.53) h, respectively; MRT were (3.74+/-0.85), (4.04+/-0.56) and (3.28+/-0.66) h, respectively. The essential pharmacokinetic parameters after oral multiple doses (6mg, b.i.d) were as follows: Cssmax, (2.72+/-0.61) ng/ml; Tmax, (1.10+/-0.25) h; Cssmin, (0.085+/-0.01) ng/ml; Cav, (0.54+/-0.12) ng/ml; DF, (4.84+/-0.86); AUCss, (6.53+/-1.5) ngh/ml. This developed and validated assay method had been successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of tegaserod maleate in healthy Chinese volunteers at a single dose of 4 mg, 6 mg and 12 mg, respectively. The pharmacokinetic parameters can provide some information for clinical medication.

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