JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Innate immunity: sensing the environment and regulating the regulators

Donata Vercelli
Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2003, 3 (5): 343-6
14501432

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Innate immune cells act as sensors for environmental pathogens and key regulators of pathogen-specific T-cell effector responses. The expression of Toll-like receptors is essential for these functions. Innate immunity is a rapidly evolving field. Great progress has been made in the past year in characterizing the signaling pathways downstream of Toll-like receptors, and the role of Toll-like receptors in the regulation of pathogen responses.

RECENT FINDINGS: The ability to control the activation of regulatory T cells has emerged as a key function of innate immunity. Regulatory T cells are involved in the induction of tolerance and the prevention of harmful immune pathology, particularly T-cell responses directed against self-antigens. Toll-like receptor-mediated interactions between pathogen-stimulated innate immune cells and regulatory T cells result in the release of suppression by regulatory T cells, thus allowing pathogen-specific responses. However, pathogenic microorganisms may exploit this interaction to evade the host's response. In addition, recent studies raise the possibility that regulatory T cells may express some Toll-like receptor family members, thereby responding directly to pathogens.

SUMMARY: A deeper understanding of the complex role of innate immune cells as sensors of the environment and regulators of pathogen responses will probably influence the current models of immune regulation, particularly those centered on the role of the environment in shaping immune responses.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
14501432
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"