Journals Current Opinion in Allergy and...

Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Carina Venter, Marion Groetch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the latest information on the nutritional management of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), focusing on the foods implicated and how to avoid these whilst maintaining a nutritionally sound diet. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of foods are implicated in FPIES such as milk, soy and grains, particularly rice. The number of foods implicated in FPIES per individual differs, but the majority of reported cases have two or fewer food triggers involved...
June 2014: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Steven Greenberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is a multifaceted disease that is associated with decreased lung function, multiple symptoms, varying levels of asthma control, and risk of acute exacerbations. The ability to predict the risk of developing acute exacerbations may improve the management of asthmatics and facilitate identification of these patients for interventional studies. RECENT FINDINGS: Factors that are associated with different manifestations of asthma differ. Biomarkers that are correlated with airways hyper-responsiveness do not necessarily correlate with risk of future exacerbations...
June 2013: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Paolo Meglio
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The common treatment of IgE-mediated food allergy is to avoid the offending item and educating patients on appropriate emergency measures. Recently, attempts to gain food tolerance with oral administration of increasing doses of the offending food have become frequent. Desensitization procedures are risky and safety is a priority. Their success depends on the individual allergic characteristics and the modality of food administration. RECENT FINDINGS: Most schedules adopted in the desensitization protocols are empiric and not regular, as requirements of safety would require...
June 2013: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Jenna C Podjasek, Matthew A Rank
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To analyze and summarize research from 2011 to 2012 that examines the relationship of guideline implementation and asthma outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence of an unmet need for better asthma management was reported in two large survey studies from the US and Europe. Interventional studies of guideline implementation were often limited by lack of uptake of the intervention (i.e. educational program, computer-assisted assessment). Even studies in which there was uptake to the intervention, asthma outcomes often did not improve...
June 2013: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ola Storrø, Ekaterina Avershina, Knut Rudi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Numerous studies have attempted to describe specific microbiota deviations that may precede atopic sensitization and atopic disease in childhood. This has given rise to a hypothesis suggesting that a reduced intestinal microbial diversity in infancy increases the risk of allergic manifestations. This review intends to sum up the main findings and discuss relevant exposures that regulate intestinal microbial diversity. RECENT FINDINGS: Taken together the three studies in this review lend support to the diversity hypothesis, but reported differences related to atopic sensitization and clinical expression are discussed...
June 2013: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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