JOURNAL ARTICLE

Motor dysfunction and gliosis with preserved dopaminergic markers in human alpha-synuclein A30P transgenic mice

Teresa Gomez-Isla, Michael C Irizarry, Ami Mariash, Bonnie Cheung, Oscar Soto, Stefanie Schrump, Jesse Sondel, Linda Kotilinek, John Day, Michael A Schwarzschild, Jang-Ho J Cha, Kathy Newell, David W Miller, Kenji Uéda, Anne B Young, Bradley T Hyman, Karen H Ashe
Neurobiology of Aging 2003, 24 (2): 245-58
12498958
Alpha-synuclein is a major component of Lewy bodies (LBs) in the substantia nigra and cortex in Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and in glial inclusions in multiple systems atrophy (MSA). Mutations in alpha-synuclein have been associated with autosomal dominant forms of PD. We investigated the clinical and neuropathological effects of overexpression of human alpha-synuclein, alpha-synuclein A30P, and alpha-synuclein A53T under the control of the hamster prion protein (PrP) promoter; 5-15x endogenous levels of protein expression were achieved with widespread neuronal, including nigral, transgene expression. High expression of alpha-synuclein A30P in the Tg5093 line was associated with a progressive motor disorder with rigidity, dystonia, gait impairment, and tremor. Histological analysis of this line showed aberrant expression of the protein in cell soma and progressive CNS gliosis, but no discrete Lewy body-like alpha-synuclein inclusions could be identified. Biochemical analysis demonstrated alpha-synuclein fragmentation. Despite strong expression of the transgene in the nigra, there was no specific deterioration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system as assessed by quantitation of nigral tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) containing neurons, striatal TH immunoreactivity, dopamine levels, or dopamine receptor number and function. Lower expressing lines had no specific behavioral or histopathological phenotype. Thus, high expression of mutant human alpha-synuclein resulted in a progressive motor and widespread CNS gliotic phenotype independent of dopaminergic dysfunction in the Tg5093 line.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12498958
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"