JOURNAL ARTICLE

Decreased hypoxic ventilatory drive in the obesity-hypoventilation syndrome

C W Zwillich, F D Sutton, D J Pierson, E M Greagh, J V Weil
American Journal of Medicine 1975, 59 (3): 343-8
1163544
Most patients with extreme obesity do not exhibit alveolar hypoventilation, but an intriguing minority do. The mechanism(s) of this phenomenon remain unknown. A disorder in ventilatory control has been suggested as a major factor in the pathogenesis of the obesity-hypoventilation syndrome. Accordingly, hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory drives were measured in 10 patients with the typical symptoms of the syndrome: obesity, hypersomnolence, hypercapnia, hypoxemia, polycythemia and cor pulmonale. Hypoxic ventilatory drive, measured as the shape parameter A, averaged 21.9 +/- 5.35, approximately one-sixth that in normal controls, A = 126 +/- 8.6 (P less than 0.01). The ventilatory response to hypercapnia also was markedly reduced, the slope of the response averaging 0.51 +/- 0.005, or about one-third the normal value of 1.83 +/- 0.13 (P less than 0.01). This decreased responsiveness in hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory drive was consistent throughout the group. The depression in ventilatory drive found in the obesity-hypoventilation syndrome may be causally related to the alveolar hypoventilation manifested by these patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
1163544
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.