Partial nucleotide sequencing and molecular evolution of epidemic causing Dengue 2 strains

U B Singh, A Maitra, S Broor, A Rai, S T Pasha, P Seth
Journal of Infectious Diseases 1999, 180 (4): 959-65
To study the genetic variability and to detect evolutionary changes and movement of dengue 2 (DEN-2) strains, nucleotide sequencing of the envelope protein gene and the nonstructural protein 1 gene junction was performed for 9 isolates from the 1996 Delhi epidemic and 1 isolate from the 1967 Delhi epidemic. The epidemic strains had a divergence of 10%-11% from the 1967 strains, but were quite similar to DEN-2 isolates from Seychelles, Somalia, and Torres Strait. In addition, the sequence data were compared to the prototype DEN-2 strain, New Guinea C, and other published DEN-2 sequences from different parts of the world. The phylogenetic analysis by the Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis program suggests that the 1996 Delhi isolates of DEN-2 were genotype IV. The 1967 isolate was similar to a 1957 isolate of DEN-2, P9-122, from India, and was classified as genotype V. This study indicates that earlier DEN-2 strains of genotype V have been replaced by genotype IV.

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